The first mention of Pirot are found already in the second century A.D. In its vicinity is the church from the thirteenth century: the Church of St. Petka, and the monastery of St. John the Theologist from the late fourteenth century displays a fine example of the Serb medieval architecture.
Medicinal water from the Zvonci Spa (Zvonačka Banja), a health resort, was used already in the ancient times, and natural beauties of this region are renounced throughout Serbia. The oldest craft, today an industry, is Rug-making: the weaving trade, by which this region has gained its world-wide fame.
The most of the facilities of the Pirot economic organizations are located in the industrial zone: the "Tigar" rubber industry, the "Prvi maj" textile industry, and the "Suko" paints and varnishes industry.