Pisa-class cruiser

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Bundesarchiv Bild 102-13142, Italienisches Panzerschiff.jpg
Pisa in February 1932, showing the foremast added in the 1920s
Class overview
Name: Pisa
Operators:  Regia Marina
Greece Royal Hellenic Navy
In commission: 1908–1952
Planned: 3
Completed: 3
Lost: 1
Retired: 2
Preserved: 1
General characteristics
Type: armored cruiser
Displacement: 9,832 tons
Speed: 23.6 knots (43.7 km/h)
Complement: 484
Armament:

Pisa and Amalfi :
4 × 10-inch (254 mm)/45 guns (2 × 2)[1]
8 × 7.5 in (190 mm)/45 guns (4 × 2)
16 × 3 in (76 mm)/40 guns
8 × 47 mm (1.9 in)/50 guns
4 × machine guns
3 × 450 mm (17.7 in) torpedo tubes
Georgios Averof :
4 × 234mm (9.2in) guns (2×2)
8 × 190mm (7.5in) guns (4×2)
16 × 76mm (3in) guns
4 × 47 mm (1.85in) guns

3 × 430mm (17in) torpedo tubes
Notes: Ships in class include: Pisa, Amalfi, Georgios Averof

The Pisa class was a series of three armored cruisers built in Italy from 1905–1910.

Description[edit]

Right elevation and deck plan of Pisa as depicted in Brassey's Naval Annual 1923

The ships were designed and built in Italy but were armed with British Elswick Ordnance Company guns.

History[edit]

The 3 Pisa-class armored cruisers were originally built for the Italian Regia Marina. However, budget problems led to the third ship being sold to Greece before completion. It was completed as Georgios Averof for Greece, armed with 9.2-inch instead of 10-inch main guns. Georgios Averof served with the Hellenic Navy in the Balkan Wars, World War I and World War II. It was decommissioned in 1952 and is now preserved as a museum ship in Faliron Bay near Athens. It is the only armored cruiser worldwide still in existence.

Amalfi served with the Regia Marina in World War I and was torpedoed and sunk in 1915. Pisa also served with the Regia Marina. It was reclassified as a coastal battleship in 1921 and was used as a training ship until being scrapped in 1937.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gardiner, p. 261.

References[edit]

  • Fraccaroli, Aldo (1970). Italian Warships of World War I. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-0105-3. 
  • Gardiner, Robert, ed. (1985). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906–1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-0-87021-907-8. OCLC 12119866.