Piscataquis County, Maine

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Piscataquis County, Maine
Map of Maine highlighting Piscataquis County
Location in the state of Maine
Map of the United States highlighting Maine
Maine's location in the U.S.
Founded March 23, 1838
Named for Abenaki word meaning "branch of the river"
Seat Dover-Foxcroft
Largest town Dover-Foxcroft
Area
 • Total 4,377 sq mi (11,336 km2)
 • Land 3,966 sq mi (10,272 km2)
 • Water 411 sq mi (1,064 km2), 9.39%
Population
 • (2010) 17,535
 • Density 4.4/sq mi (1.7/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Piscataquis County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. As of the 2010 census, its population was 17,535, making it Maine's least-populous county.[1] Its county seat is Dover-Foxcroft.[2] The county was incorporated on 23 March 1838, taken from the western part of Penobscot County and the eastern part of Somerset County, and is named for an Abenaki word meaning "branch of the river" or "at the river branch."

It is located at the geographic center of Maine. Originally it extended north to the Canadian border, but in 1844 its northern portion was annexed by Aroostook County. In land area, Piscataquis is one of the largest U.S. counties east of the Mississippi River. It is also one of two counties in the Northeast (and seven counties east of the Mississippi River)[3] that meets Frederick Jackson Turner's requirements for "frontier" country - that is, having fewer than six inhabitants per square mile, the other being Hamilton County, New York.

Baxter State Park, a large wilderness preserve, is located in Piscataquis County.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 4,377.36 square miles (11,337.3 km2), of which 3,966.22 square miles (10,272.5 km2) (or 90.61%) is land and 411.14 square miles (1,064.8 km2) (or 9.39%) is water. The largest lake in the county is Moosehead Lake at 120 square miles (310 km2). The highest natural point in the county and the state of Maine is Mount Katahdin at 5,271 feet (1,606 meters), while the geographic center is Greeley Landing in the Town of Dover-Foxcroft.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 13,138
1850 14,735 12.2%
1860 15,032 2.0%
1870 14,403 −4.2%
1880 14,872 3.3%
1890 16,134 8.5%
1900 16,949 5.1%
1910 19,887 17.3%
1920 20,554 3.4%
1930 18,231 −11.3%
1940 18,467 1.3%
1950 18,617 0.8%
1960 17,379 −6.6%
1970 16,285 −6.3%
1980 17,634 8.3%
1990 18,653 5.8%
2000 17,235 −7.6%
2010 17,535 1.7%
Est. 2012 17,290 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census of 2000,[6] there were 17,235 people, 7,278 households, and 4,854 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 13,783 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.84% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 0.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.6% were of English, 16.4% French, 15.3% United States or American and 11.5% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.9% spoke English and 2.0% French as their first language.

There were 7,278 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.10% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 27.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,250, and the median income for a family was $34,852. Males had a median income of $28,149 versus $20,241 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,374. About 11.20% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.80% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

Piscataquis County has one of the lowest rates of religious adherents in the United States. The county ranks at 3,085 of 3,148 counties (lowest 2%), with 20.5% of the population regularly attending congregations or claiming religious membership.[7]

In Maine, Piscataquis County ranks tenth of the 16 counties in percentage of religious adherents.The State of Maine has the lowest percentage of religious adherents in the United States at 27%.[7][8]

Government and politics[edit]

County officials[edit]

The following individuals hold county offices:[9]

  • County Manager: Marilyn Tourtelotte
  • County Treasurer: Gail Lynch
  • Finance Administrator: Phyllis Lyford
  • Sheriff: John Goggin
  • EMA Director: Tom Capraro
  • Probate Register: Donna Peterson
  • Deeds Register: Linda Smith
  • District Attorney: R. Chris Almy
  • DA Administrative Assistant: Elaine Roberts
  • Head of Maintenance: David Ronco
  • Judge of Probate: James R.Austin

County Commissioners and Districts[edit]

Piscataquis County is administered by three County Commissioners, each representing one of the three county districts. They are elected for four year terms. A term of office begins on January 1 following the election in November. County Commissioner meetings are typically held on the 1st and 3rd Tuesdays of the month at the County Courthouse in Dover-Foxcroft. The meetings begin at 8:30 a.m. and continue until the agenda for the meeting has been addressed.

County Commissioners:

District 1:Eric P. Ward

District 2:James D. Annis

District 3:Frederick Trask

County Districts:

District 1 includes the towns of Abbot, Beaver Cove, Greenville, Guilford, Kingsbury Plt, Monson, Parkman, Shirley, Wellington and the Unorganized Territories of Blanchard, Elliotsville and Northwest Piscataquis.

District 2 includes the towns of Dover-Foxcroft, Sangerville and Willimantic.

District 3 includes the towns of Atkinson, Bowerbank, Brownville, Lake View Plt, Medford, Milo, Sebec and the Unorganized Territories of Barnard, Ebeeme, Katahdin Iron Works, Orneville, Williamsburg and Northeast Piscataquis County.[10]

Voter Registration[edit]

Piscataquis Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of November 2012[11]
Party Total Voters Percentage
  Republican 4,385 35.22%
  Unenrolled 4,310 34.61%
  Democratic 3,316 26.63%
  Green Party 438 3.52%
  Americans Elect 3 .02%
Total 12,452 100%

Elections[edit]

County Commissioner[edit]

In the 2012 Piscataquis County Commissioner District 2 election, Republican candidate James Annis received 52% of the vote. Democratic candidate Susan Mackey-Andrews received 48%. In the District 3 election, Republican incumbent Frederick Trask received 50.2% (1,282 votes) and Democratic candidate Donald Crossman received 49.8% (1,271 votes) - a difference of 11 votes, confirmed after a recount.[12]

Piscataquis County Vote
County Commissioner Elections
Year REP DEM IND Other Winner District #
2012 52.0% 1,496 48.0% 1,378 - - - - James Annis 2
2012 50.2% 1,282 49.8% 1,271 - - - - Frederick Trask 3

State Governor[edit]

In the Maine gubernatorial election, 2010, Republican candidate Paul LePage received the most votes in Piscataquis County with 48.4%. Three Independent candidates ran in this election: Eliot Cutler received the second most Piscatquis votes with 36.5% of the total, Shawn Moody received 3.1% and Kevin Scott, 1%. Democratic candidate, Libby Mitchell received the third most votes in the county with 10.9% of the total. Paul LePage was elected governor.

In the Maine gubernatorial election, 2006, Republican candidate Chandler Woodcock received the most votes in Piscataquis County with 37.7%. Democratic candidate, incumbent governor John Baldacci received 34.5%. Independent candidate Barbara Merrill received 19.7%, Green party candidate Pat LaMarche received 7.4%, and Phillip Morris NaPier received .63% of the Piscataquis vote. John Baldacci was reelected governor.

In the Maine gubernatorial election, 2002, Democratic candidate John Baldacci received the most votes in Piscataquis County with 50.4%. Republican candidate Peter Cianchette received 42.9% of the county vote and Green Party candidate, Jonathan Carter received 5.1%. John Baldacci was elected governor.

In the Maine gubernatorial election, 1998, Independent candidate Angus King received the most votes in Piscataquis County with 50.2%. Republican candidate James Longley, Jr. received 26.6%, Democratic candidate Tom Connolly received 10.7%. Other candidates split 12.5% of the vote. Angus King was elected governor.

Piscataquis County Vote
State Governor Elections
Year REP DEM IND Other Winner
2010 48.4% 3,724 10.9% 837 40.6% 3,124 .1% 1 Paul LePage
2006 37.7% 2,829 34.5% 2,591 19.7% 1,476 8.1% 606 Chandler Woodcock
2002 42.9% 3,045 50.4% 3,583 - - 5.1% 362 John Baldacci
1998 26.6% 1,752 10.7% 708 50.2% 3,313 12.5% 824 Angus King
1994 34.7% 2,649 28.9% 2,206 27.9% 2,131 8.6% 655 Susan Collins
1990 51.1% 4,177 29.3% 3,213 9.6% 783 0% 4 John McKernan

US House[edit]

Piscataquis County is entirely within Maine's 2nd congressional district, which comprises 80% of the state and is the largest district by land area east of the Mississippi River.

In the United States House of Representatives elections in Maine, 2012, incumbent Democratic candidate Michael Michaud received the most Piscataquis County votes with 53% of the total. Republican candidate, Kevin Raye received 47%. Michael Michaud was reelected to the House.

Piscataquis County Vote
US House Elections
Year REP DEM IND Other Winner
2012 47.0% 4,150 53.0% 4,673 - - - - Michael Michaud

US Senate[edit]

In the United States Senate election in Maine, 2012, Independent candidate and former Maine governor, Angus King received the most votes in Piscataquis County with 45.7% of the vote. Republican candidate, Charlie Summers received 40.1% and Democratic candidate, Cynthia Dill received 10.4%. Stephen M. Woods received 136 votes, Andrew I. Dodge received 126 votes and Danny F. Dalton, 76 votes. Angus King was elected to the Senate.

Piscataquis County Vote
US Senate Elections
Year REP DEM IND Other Winner
2012 40.1% 3,522 10.4% 911 45.7% 4,016 3.8% 338 Angus King
2008 69.1% 6,494 30.8% 2,896 -- 0% 4 Susan Collins
2006 75.4% 5,564 16.9% 1,244 7.6% 558 .1% 10 Olympia Snowe
2002 65.3% 4,633 34.7% 2,459 -- - - Susan Collins
2000 71.9% 6,428 28.1% 2,510 -- - - Olympia Snowe
1996 56.3% 5,057 38.2% 3,429 -- 5.5% 494 Susan Collins
1994 69.9% 5,313 26.8% 2,037 3.2% 245 .1% 9 Olympia Snowe
1990 66.0% 5,222 34.0% 2,686 - - - - William Cohen

US President[edit]

In the United States presidential election, 2012, Republican candidate Mitt Romney received the most votes in Piscataquis County with 50.6%. Democratic incumbent Barack Obama received 46.3%. Libertarian candidate Gary Johnson received 1.5% and Green Independent candidate Jill Stein received 1.24%. There were a total of 30 "write in" votes; 29 of these were for Ron Paul and 1 for Rocky Anderson. Barack Obama was reelected President.[13][14]

As in 2008, Piscataquis County was the only county in Maine to back the Republican presidential nominee. In 2012, Piscataquis was only one of 5 counties in New England to support Mitt Romney.[15]

Since 2000, Piscataquis County has generally been the most reliably Republican county in Maine, and by extension New England. In 2008, Piscataquis was the only county in New England to vote for John McCain, by a margin of 355 votes or 3.8%[16] over Barack Obama, with Obama winning Maine by a 17.3% margin over McCain.[17]

In 2004, the county was one of only two in Maine to vote for Bush over John Kerry. Bush won by a 9% margin over Kerry, with Kerry winning the state by a virtually even margin over Bush.[18]

In the 2000 U.S. Presidential election, George W. Bush carried the county by an 11.9% margin over Al Gore, with Gore carrying the state by a 5.1% margin over Bush.

In 1996, Bill Clinton carried the county with 48.7% of the vote, the first Democrat to do so since 1968.[19]

In the 1992 presidential election, independent Ross Perot won a plurality 36.8% in the county, one of three counties he won in the state.[20]

Piscataquis County Vote
US President Elections
Year REP DEM IND Other Winner
2012 50.6% 4,530 46.3% 4,149 - - 3.1% 276 Mitt Romney
2008 50.7% 4,785 47.0% 4,430 - - 2.3% 219 John McCain
2004 53.3% 5,299 44.4% 4,409 - - 2.3% 232 George W. Bush
2000 52.3% 4,845 40.5% 3,745 - - 7.2% 666 George W. Bush
1996 31.6% 2,815 48.7% 4,343 - - 19.8% 1,762 Bill Clinton
1992 29.6% 2,970 33.1% 3,323 36.8% 3,688 .5% 50 Ross Perot
1988 58.3% 4,788 40.4% 3,323 - - 1.3% 106 George H. Bush
1984 64.0% 5,427 35.6% 3,016 - - .5% 39 Ronald Reagan
1980 46.9% 4,015 41.5% 3,550 9.1% 781 2.4% 209 Ronald Reagan
1976 50.5% 4,084 46.1% 3,727 - - 3.4% 279 Gerald Ford
1972 64.7% 4,617 35.3% 2,518 - - 0% 1 Richard Nixon
1968 46.2% 3,199 51.5% 3,561 - - 2.3% 158 Hubert Humphrey
1964 34.1% 2,473 65.9% 4,781 - - - - Lyndon Johnson
1960 63.4% 4,959 36.6% 2,859 - - - - Richard Nixon

Municipalities[edit]

Territories[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ source: US Census Bureau. "Frontier Counties of the United States 2010". Rural Assistance Center. Retrieved January 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ a b http://rcms2010.org/compare.php
  8. ^ "PHOTOS: Most And Least Christian States In America". Huffington Post. May 29, 2012. 
  9. ^ http://www.piscataquis.us/Pages/cc.html
  10. ^ http://www.piscataquis.us/Pages/ccInfo.html
  11. ^ http://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/2012/r-e-active.pdf
  12. ^ http://bangordailynews.com/2012/11/26/politics/trask-prevails-by-11-votes-in-piscataquis-county-commissioner-recount/
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/index.html
  14. ^ http://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/prior12-13.htm#nov
  15. ^ http://bangordailynews.com/2012/11/07/politics/piscataquis-keeps-red-reputation-as-only-maine-county-to-back-romney/
  16. ^ November 4, 2008 General Election Tabulations (US President by County)
  17. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results. U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved 2010-08-02.
  18. ^ 2004 Presidential General Election Data Graphs - Maine. U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved 2010-08-02.
  19. ^ 1996 Presidential General Election Data Graphs - Maine. U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved 2010-08-02.
  20. ^ 1992 Presidential General Election Data Graphs - Maine. U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved 2010-08-02.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°50′N 69°18′W / 45.84°N 69.30°W / 45.84; -69.30