Pisonia grandis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pisonia grandis
Starr 990611-0869 Pisonia grandis.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Nyctaginaceae
Genus: Pisonia
Species: P. grandis
Binomial name
Pisonia grandis
R.Br.
Synonyms

Pisonia viscosa Balf.f.

Pisonia grandis is a species of flowering tree in the Bougainvillea family, Nyctaginaceae.

Description[edit]

The tree has broad, thin leaves, smooth bark and bears clusters of green sweet-smelling flowers that mature into sticky barbed seeds.

Dispersal occurs when seeds stick to bird feathers. Vegetative reproduction frequently results when fallen branches sprout or basal shoots develop into new trees.

Distribution[edit]

Pisonia trees are distributed throughout the coral cays of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The species often dominates mature coral cay vegetation, growing in dense, thick strands up to 20 m (66 ft) tall. Pisonia wood is rather weak and soft and decays rapidly when the trees fall.

Pisonia forests are a common nesting site for seabirds. One of the best remaining Pisonia forests can be found on Palmyra Atoll.

St. Pierre Island, Farquhar Group, was once covered by a Pisonia grandis forest. This forest disappeared after guano mining between 1906 and 1972. The natural vegetation had to be destroyed in order to scrape the guano and the island's landscape became barren.[1]

Uses[edit]

The leaves are traditionally used as a leaf vegetable in some countries.[2] They were part of the traditional Maldivian cuisine in dishes such as mas huni.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Piggott, C.J. (1961): Notes on some of the Seychelles Islands, Indian Ocean. Atoll Research Bulletin 83: 1-10. PDF fulltext
  2. ^ Capricornia Cuisine: Bush Tucker in Central Queensland
  3. ^ Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom, Barcelona 1999, ISBN 84-7254-801-5

External links[edit]