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Many of the workers lived in houses that were provided by the colliery. Many villages have experienced depopulation after colliery closures forced people to move to other towns and cities where there are jobs for them to make a living. This has been more prevalent in remote areas; by contrast some pit villages that border cities, in particularly Leeds and Newcastle upon Tyne, have experienced population growth after colliery closures.
In popular culture
The 1939 film The Stars Look Down, based on the 1935 novel by A.J. Cronin (who also wrote The Citadel) and directed by Carol Reed, is set in the fictitious pit village of Sleescale. The movie was partly shot on location at St Helens Siddick Colliery at Workington in Cumberland.
The depopulation of Fitzwilliam, West Yorkshire which saw around a third of its housing left unoccupied, was brought into culture by a song by Chumbawamba and David Peace's novel Nineteen Seventy Four.
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