Πιτάνη (Ancient Greek)
|Location||Çandarlı, Izmir Province, Turkey|
In the fifth century BCE Pitane was a member of the Delian League and is recorded as paying a tribute of 1,000 drachmas. In 335 BCE, Alexander the Great's general Parmenion laid siege to the city as part of a campaign against the Persian Empire, but the city was saved by the Persian general Memnon of Rhodes.
In ca. 319 BCE its citizen Herakleitos son of Lysistratos was honoured by the people of Delphi, and in the period ca. 325 - ca. 275 BCE the people of Abydos honoured another citizen, Charidemos son of Antiphanes with a dedication at Delphi which included a statue by the famous Athenian sculptor Praxiteles. In the reign of the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter (r. 281-261 BCE), Pitane was able to expand its territory by paying the king 380 talents to purchase some territory. This territory was the subject of a dispute with the city of Mytilene on nearby Lesbos in the mid-second century BCE which was arbitrated by Pergamon. We also learn from this document that in the Hellenistic period Pitane was a free city not subject to the Attalid dynasty and its public document no longer used the Aeolic dialect. In 84 BCE Mithridates VI while evading the Roman general Gaius Flavius Fimbria fled to Pitane, where he was besieged by Fimbria before escaping to Mytilene by sea.
- Autolycus (ca. 360 - ca. 290 BCE), mathematician.
- Arcesilaus (316/5-241/0 BCE), founder of Academic skepticism
- Matro (late fourth century BCE), author of the epic parody The Attic Feast.
- IG I3 260-6, 268-73, 279, 281.
- Diodorus Siculus 17.7.9.
- Fouilles de Delphes III (1) 410 (Herakleitos), (4) 215 (Charidemos).
- IG XII Supplementum 142.
- IG XII Supplementum 142. See further I. Savalli-Lestrade, ‘Eumène (Ier) et l’expansion de Pergame: à propos de IG XII Suppl. no. 142’ Revue des Etudes Grecques 105 (1992) 221-30.
- Plutarch, Lucullus 3, Appian, Mithridatica 52.
- S. D. Olson and A. Sens, Matro of Pitane and the Tradition of Epic Parody in the Fourth Century BCE: Text, Translation, and Commentary (Oxford 1999).