Pitasch

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Pitasch
Former municipality of Switzerland
Pitasch.jpg
Coat of arms of Pitasch
Coat of arms
Pitasch is located in Switzerland
Pitasch
Pitasch
Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°13′E / 46.717°N 9.217°E / 46.717; 9.217Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°13′E / 46.717°N 9.217°E / 46.717; 9.217
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Surselva
Area
 • Total 10.81 km2 (4.17 sq mi)
Elevation 1,060 m (3,480 ft)
Population (Dec 2011)
 • Total 106
 • Density 9.8/km2 (25/sq mi)
Postal code 7111
SFOS number 3578
Surrounded by Cumbel, Duvin, Riein, Safien, Sevgein
Website www.pitasch.ch
SFSO statistics

Pitasch is a former municipality in the district of Surselva in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. On 1 January 2014 the former municipalities of Pitasch, Castrisch, Ilanz, Ladir, Luven, Riein, Ruschein, Schnaus, Sevgein, Duvin, Pigniu, Rueun and Siat merged into the new municipality of Ilanz/Glion.[1]

History[edit]

Pitasch is first mentioned about 801-50 as Pictaui though this comes from a 16th Century copy of the lost original. In 960 it was mentioned as in Pictaso.[2]

Geography[edit]

Pitasch village with Riein in the background

Before the merger, Pitasch had a total area of 10.8 km2 (4.2 sq mi).[3] Of this area, 31.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 49.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (18%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Ilanz sub-district of the Surselva district. Before 2000 it was part of the Glenner district. It is located south of Ilanz on a terrace between the Val Renastga and the Val da Pitasch on the old road between Castrisch over the Güner Kreuz to Safien.

Demographics[edit]

Pitasch had a population (as of 2011) of 106.[3] As of 2008, 2.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -0.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Romansh(60.2%), with the rest speaking German (39.8%).[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 52.2% male and 47.8% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Pitasch is; 19 children or 16.1% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 26 teenagers or 22.0% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 8 people or 6.8% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 21 people or 17.8% are between 30 and 39, 16 people or 13.6% are between 40 and 49, and 11 people or 9.3% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 10 people or 8.5% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 6 people or 5.1% are between 70 and 79, there is 1 person who is between 80 and 89.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 41.3% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (26.5%), the SP (20.9%) and the CVP (11.2%).[3]

In Pitasch about 70.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Pitasch has an unemployment rate of 2.05%. As of 2005, there were 20 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 8 businesses involved in this sector. people are employed in the secondary sector and there are businesses in this sector. 6 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 3 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2]

year population
1850 96
1900 105
1950 125
2000 118

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Swiss Reformed Church building in Pitasch is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[6]

The Reformed Church was built in the mid-12th Century into its current form. The church floorplan is a single nave church with a single half round apse. The interior murals date to about 1420, and on the exterior south wall is a mural of St. Martin and St. Christopher from the studio of the unknown Waltensburg Master which was painted about 1340.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 13 December 2014
  2. ^ a b Pitasch in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 23 January 2014
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 12-Nov-2009
  7. ^ Flüeler (1982). Kulturführer Schweiz. Zurich, CH: Ex Libris Verlag AG. p. 281. 

External links[edit]