Pitcairn Islands dollar
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (May 2010)|
|Pitcairn Islands dollar|
|Pitkern Ailen dollar|
|ISO 4217 code||none|
|Pegged by||New Zealand dollar|
|Coins||5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, $1, $2 (only New Zealand coins circulate officially)|
|Banknotes||$5, $10, $20, $50, $100 (New Zealand notes only)|
|Printer||Note Printing Australia (provides base polymer note material)|
Pitcairn Islands is a non-sovereign British Overseas Territory and the New Zealand dollar is used as exchange. Pitcairn Islands began issuing its first commemorative coins in 1988. Though the Pitcairn Islands dollar is not a true currency in the strict sense of the word, and isn't used as a circulation coinage, it can be lawfully exchanged as tender. The Pitcairn Islands dollar exists only because of the coin collecting market, which provides a major staple for the island nation. Having a population of only 45 according to the 2010 census, and with only one island in the group of four being populated, there is no need for local coinage. Coins consist of an important part of Pitcairn's tiny economy and help raise funds for the government's largely fixed and subsidized income.
New Zealand coins and notes are circulated in Pitcairn Islands. However, Pitcairn began issuing its first denominational coin set in 2009. They were in six denominations of copper-plated bronze 5, and 10 cents, nickel-plated bronze 20, and 50 cents, and bronze $1, and $2 pieces. They come in Uncirculated and Proof conditions and could be acquired in packaged sets or in rolls. The reverse of each coin depicts a relic from the H.M.A.V. Bounty along with its description and the coins respective denomination. This is surrounded by a fine border.
The coins are of similar size, weight, and coloration to those of a similar set from Niue. The Pitcairn set also has the addition of a 5 cent piece which New Zealand no longer uses.
A majority of Pitcairn Islands coins are minted in New Zealand. But many bullion commemoratives have also been made by the Royal Mint in the United Kingdom and other private mints under the order of the Pitcairn government.
The coin reverses depict as follows:
- 5 CENTS: Bounty Anchor
- 10 CENTS: Bounty Ship Bell
- 20 CENTS: Bounty Bible
- 50 CENTS: Pitcairn Longboat
- 1 DOLLAR: Bounty Cannon
- 2 DOLLARS: The H.M.A.V Bounty's Helm
Queen Elizabeth II is depicted on all coins of the Pitcairn Islands as Head of State and Queen of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, of which the Pitcairn Islands are a territory.
- New Zealand Dollar
- Pitcairn Islands
- Cook Islands dollar
- Postage stamps and postal history of Pitcairn Islands
- Niue dollar
- Krause, Chester L. and Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801–1991 (18th ed. ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-150-1.