Pitcairn PA-18

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
PA-18
Pitcairn3.jpg
Pitcairn PA-18 in flight at Andy Barnhart Memorial Airport, New Carlisle OH, April 17, 2009.
Role Sport autogyro
National origin United States
Manufacturer Pitcairn Aircraft Company
First flight 1932
Number built ca 20

The Pitcairn PA-18 was an autogyro produced in the United States in the early 1930s.[1] In 1931, Pitcairn had produced a lightweight autogyro suitable for the private pilots as the PAA-1.[2] Experience with this and with other light, low-powered machines convinced Pitcairn that while the concept was good, they presented significant handling problems to inexperienced pilots.[2] The PA-18 was designed as a machine for the same market, but with a more powerful engine and structural strengthening.[2] The availability of more power contributed greatly to the aircraft's responsiveness at low speeds.[2]

Pitcairn PA-18 after successful flight at Andy Barnhart Memorial Airport, New Carlisle, OH, April 17, 2009.

In 2008, a PA-18 was restored to flying condition by Jack and Kate Tiffany of New Carlisle, Ohio.[3] At the same time, a second PA-18 was under restoration by the Posey Brothers firm at the Trenton-Robbinsville Airport.[4] Most other PA-18s were purchased by the United States government in 1940 and sold on to the United Kingdom.[3] They never arrived, however, since the ship carrying them was sunk by a German submarine.[3]

Specifications (PA-18)[edit]

Data from "Pitcairn, A G A, Pitcairn-Cierva, Pitcairn-Larsen"

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Capacity: 1 passenger
  • Length: 19 ft 5 in (5.92 m)
  • Wingspan: 21 ft 3 in (6.48 m)
  • Main rotor diameter: 40 ft 0 in (12.19 m)
  • Main rotor area: 1,260 ft2 (117 m2)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Kinner R-5, 160 hp (120 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 95 mph (150 km/h)
  • Range: 225 miles (362 km)
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 ft (3,658 m)

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Taylor 1989, p.735
  2. ^ a b c d The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft, p.2739
  3. ^ a b c Erardi 2008
  4. ^ "Pitcairn PA 18 Autogiro"
Bibliography

External links[edit]