Pitt County, North Carolina

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Pitt County, North Carolina
Seal of Pitt County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Pitt County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1760
Named for William Pitt the Elder
Seat Greenville
Largest city Greenville
 • Total 655 sq mi (1,696 km2)
 • Land 652 sq mi (1,689 km2)
 • Water 3 sq mi (8 km2), 0.49%
 • (2013) 174,263
 • Density 259/sq mi (100/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.pittcountync.gov

Pitt County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 168,148.[1] Its county seat is Greenville.[2]

Pitt County comprises the Greenville, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area. As one of the fastest growing centers in the state, the county has seen a population boom since 1990.


The county was formed in 1760 from Beaufort County, though the legislative act that created it did not become effective until January 1, 1761. It was named for William Pitt the Elder, who was then Secretary of State for the Southern Department and Leader of the House of Commons. William Pitt was an English statesman and orator, born in London, England. He studied at Oxford University and in 1731 joined the army. Pitt led the young "Patriot" Whigs and in 1756 became secretary of state, where he was a pro-freedom speaker in British Colonial government.

Law and government[edit]

Pitt County is a member of the Mid-East Commission regional council of governments.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 655 square miles (1,700 km2), of which, 652 square miles (1,690 km2) of it is land and 3 square miles (7.8 km2) of it (0.48%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 8,270
1800 9,084 9.8%
1810 9,169 0.9%
1820 10,001 9.1%
1830 12,093 20.9%
1840 11,806 −2.4%
1850 13,397 13.5%
1860 16,080 20.0%
1870 17,276 7.4%
1880 21,794 26.2%
1890 25,519 17.1%
1900 30,889 21.0%
1910 36,340 17.6%
1920 45,569 25.4%
1930 54,466 19.5%
1940 61,244 12.4%
1950 63,789 4.2%
1960 69,942 9.6%
1970 73,900 5.7%
1980 90,146 22.0%
1990 107,924 19.7%
2000 133,798 24.0%
2010 168,148 25.7%
Est. 2013 174,263 3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 133,798 people, 52,539 households, and 32,258 families residing in the county. The population density was 205 people per square mile (79/km²). There were 58,408 housing units at an average density of 90 per square mile (35/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 62.08% White, 33.65% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.80% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 3.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 52,539 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.40% were married couples living together, 14.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.60% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 17.50% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 19.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 90.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,868, and the median income for a family was $43,971. Males had a median income of $31,962 versus $25,290 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,243. About 13.50% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 20.20% of those age 65 or over.

As of the census of 2010, there were 168,148 people residing in Pitt County, a 25.7% increase since 2000. Females made up 52.8% of the population. Caucasians make up 58.9% of the population, followed by African-Americans at 34.1%, Asian persons at 1.6%, American Indian or Alaskan at 0.3%, Hispanic at 5.5%, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander at 0.1%. From the period of 2005 to 2009, the number of foreign-born people living in the county was at 4%.

The high school graduation rate in the county among citizens over the age of twenty-five from 2005-2009 was steady at 85%, while the percentage of those aged twenty-five and up with a bachelor's degree in the county was only 28.7% in the county during the same period of time.

In 2009, the median household income in Pitt County was $36,339, over $7,000 less than the North Carolina number and about 25.5% of Pitt County residents were at or below the poverty level. The per capita money income, in terms of 2009 dollars, in the past twelve months from 2005-2009 in Pitt County was $21,622, about $3,000 less than the North Carolina average.[6]


Cities and towns[edit]

Map of Pitt County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels


The county is divided into seventeen townships: Arthur, Ayden, Belvoir, Bethel, Black Jack, Carolina (Stokes), Chicod, Falkland, Farmville, Fountain, Greenville, Grifton, Grimesland, Pactolus, Simpson, Swift Creek, and Winterville.

Educational institutions[edit]


Pitt County is roughly 19 miles (31 km) east of Interstate 95, which is a part of the largest state highway system in the nation. US Airways serves the Pitt-Greenville Airport daily with connecting flights to Charlotte Douglas International Airport and Raleigh-Durham International Airport. The airport and local officials are in discussion with United Airlines and its regional partner, Colgan Air, to provide 2 daily flights between PGV and Washington Dulles International Airport.[7]

Major highways that run through the area include US 264, US 264 Bypass, US 258, NC 11, US 13, NC 33, NC 43, and NC 903.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/37/37147.html
  7. ^ Eastern N.C. city hopes revenue guarantees can lure United - Today In the Sky - USATODAY.com

Further reading[edit]

  • Kahrl, Andrew W., “The ‘Negro Park’ Question: Land, Labor, and Leisure in Pitt County, North Carolina, 1920–1930,” Journal of Southern History (Feb. 2013) 79#1 pp 113–42.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°35′N 77°23′W / 35.59°N 77.38°W / 35.59; -77.38