|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2014)|
Pittston City aerial view looking northeast.
|Nickname(s): The Tomato Capital|
|Incorporated (borough)||April 30, 1853|
|Incorporated (city)||December 10, 1894|
|• Type||City Council|
|• Mayor||Jason C. Klush (D)|
|• Total||1.7 sq mi (4 km2)|
|• Land||1.6 sq mi (4 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||653 ft (199 m)|
|• Density||4,600/sq mi (1,800/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Pittston is a city in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is situated between Scranton and Wilkes-Barre. The city gained prominence in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as an active anthracite coal mining city, drawing a large portion of its labor force from European immigrants. The population was 7,739 as of the 2010 census. At its peak in 1920, the population of Pittston was 18,497. The city consists of three sections: The Downtown (in the center of the city), the Oregon Section (in the southern end), and the Junction (in the northern end).
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Downtown renovation
- 6 Education
- 7 Pittston Tomato Festival
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Sites of interest in the Pittston area
- 10 Notable people
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Pittston lies in the Wyoming Valley on the east side of the Susquehanna River and on the south side of the Lackawanna River. It is approximately midway between Wilkes-Barre and Scranton. Named after the famous British statesman William Pitt the Elder, the city was settled around 1770 by the Susquehanna Company of Connecticut. It was originally called "Pittstown".
During the Revolutionary War, Connecticut Continentals (Patriots), led by Captain Jeremiah Blanchard and Lieutenant Timothy Keyes, held and maintained a fort in Pittston. On July 4, 1778 (one day after the Battle of Wyoming), a group of British soldiers took over the fortress and some of it was destroyed. Two years later, the Continentals stormed the fortification and recaptured it. From then on it was under Patriot control until the end of the war in 1783, with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. Today a marker stands at the site where the fort once stood.
Pittston broke away from Pittston Township and officially became a borough in 1853. It was later chartered as a city on December 10, 1894. Throughout the late 1890s, the city's borders extended from Scranton to Wilkes-Barre, but due to financial and civil differences, the city would soon be divided into the many townships and boroughs that exist throughout the central Wyoming Valley today.
With the opening of a canal in the 1830s, Pittston became an important link in the coal industry. Money made through the mining and transportation of coal led some of the leading merchants to petition its separation from Pittston Township. The anthracite and railroad industry attracted thousands of immigrants, making Pittston a true melting pot with once-distinct ethnic and class neighborhoods.
The anthracite coal mining industry, and its extensive use of child labor in the early part of the 20th century, was one of the industries targeted by the National Child Labor Committee and its hired photographer, Lewis Hine. Many of Hine's subjects were photographed in the mines and coal fields in and around Pittston between 1908 and 1912. The impact of the Hine photographs led to the enactment of child labor laws across the country.
Coal mining remained the prominent industry in Pittston for many decades, but disasters did strike on more than one occasion. The first major tragedy occurred in the Newton Coal Company's Twin Shaft Mine near the city's railroad junction on June 28, 1896, when a massive cave-in killed 58 miners.
Anthracite coal mining remained in Pittston until January 22, 1959, when the Knox Mine Disaster in nearby Port Griffith in Jenkins Township ended the industry completely. There, the ice-laden Susquehanna River broke through the roof of the River Slope Mine of the Knox Coal Company, allowing billions of gallons of river water to flood the interconnected mines. Seventy-four miners were trapped; sixty-two miners escaped; twelve miners died and their bodies were never recovered.
The heroic efforts of one miner, Amedeo Pancotti of Pittston, led thirty-two miners to safety. For his efforts, Amedeo Pancotti was awarded the Carnegie Medal for heroism from the Carnegie Hero Fund Commission.
City's boom and bust
Pittston became an active railroad center in response to its mining and industrial activity. The Lehigh Valley Railroad maintained a beautiful station in downtown Pittston, near the foot of the Water Street Bridge. Sadly, the station did not survive the urban renewal of the 1960s; it was demolished in 1964. Pittston also had a station on the historic Lackawanna and Wyoming Valley Railroad, commonly known as the Laurel Line, an electric interurban streetcar line.
Besides mining anthracite coal, Pittston was home to many industries in the 19th and 20th centuries, including metals, plastics, paper products, apparel, electrical equipment and beverages. The Pittston Stove Company, established in 1864, manufactured coal and wood-burning stoves for heating and cooking. The Pittston Brewing Company, brewers of Glennon's Beer, maintained operations in Pittston from 1873 until 1948. Evan R. Jones Stoneware crafted pottery which bore the Pittston name in the 1870s and 1880s.
Main Street was home to at least two theaters, the Roman at 27 South Main and the American at 48 North Main, both of which have been razed. Many historic commercial structures were demolished in the urban renewal efforts of the 1960s.
On March 15, 1993, two Pittston firefighters (John Lombardo and Len Insalaco) were killed while fighting a blaze on the city's main street. A monument was built in the downtown, and the nearby Water Street Bridge was renamed to commemorate their sacrifice during that tragic March day.
For decades, the towering spires of the many Protestant and Roman Catholic churches dominated the city's skyline. Most of the numerous Catholic churches were established to serve one of the many ethnic communities that made up Pittston. The Irish had St. John the Evangelist, the Slovaks had St. John the Baptist, the Lithuanians had St. Casimir's, the Germans had St. Mary's Assumption, and the Italians had St. Rocco's and Our Lady of Mount Carmel. There is also a Byzantine Catholic Church on Main Street (St. Michael's). From 2004 to the present, the Diocese of Scranton has closed many of the churches and private schools in and around Pittston due to declining population and enrollment. Saint John the Baptist Elementary School closed in 2004, and Seton Catholic High School closed in 2007. St. Mary's Assumption School closed in 2011.
In recent years, the downtown area was renovated with new sidewalks, trees, and street lights. Older buildings are being demolished and newer structures (i.e., condominiums, restaurants, bars, and stores) are being built.
Pittston is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2), of which 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 8.09%, is water. The city is drained by the Susquehanna River and Lackawanna River.(41.323865, -75.788894).
The area in and around Pittston is referred to as Greater Pittston and includes Avoca, Dupont, Duryea, Exeter, Exeter Township, Hughestown, Jenkins Township, Laflin, Pittston, Pittston Township, West Pittston, West Wyoming, Wyoming, and Yatesville.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,104 people, 3,530 households, and 2,170 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,072.6 people per square mile (1,955.6/km²). There were 3,902 housing units at an average density of 2,442.4 per square mile (941.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.4% White, 0.7% Black, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population. Pittston includes many Italian immigrants and families.
There were 3,530 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 84.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,103, and the median income for a family was $33,861. Males had a median income of $8,351 versus $1,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $3,686. About 61.8% of families and 78.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.0% of those under age 18 and 88.0% of those age 65 or over.
|John Hosie||1853||First mayor of Pittston|
|Charles Calvin Bowman||1886||Became a U.S. Representative after leaving office|
|James J. Kennedy||1920|
|William H. Gillespie||1927|
|Kenneth J. English||1937–1939|
|John J. Allardyce||1953|
|Joseph F. Saporito||1954–1956|
|Patrick J. O'Brien||1960|
|Robert A. Loftus||1961–1980||One of the longest serving mayors in Pittston's history|
|Michael A. Lombardo||1998–2006||Pittston's second youngest mayor|
|Joseph P. Keating||2006–2009||Resigned after unsuccessful race for renomination in 2009 |
|Donna McFadden-Connors||2009–2010||She served the remainder of Keating's term as Pittston's first female mayor.|
|Jason C. Klush||2010–present||Pittston's youngest mayor |
Pittston mayoral election, 2013
|Pittston City mayoral primary election, 2013|
|Democratic||Jason C. Klush (Incumbent)||887||72|
|Democratic||Eugene M. Rooney Jr.||323||27|
|Pittston City mayoral general election, 2013|
|Democratic||Jason C. Klush (Incumbent)|
A third class city government consists of a mayor and four council members with equal voting power. The four council members are:
- Councilman Danny Argo
- Councilman Joseph Chernouskas
- Councilman Michael Lombardo
- Councilman Joseph McLean
The other city officers are:
In October 2005, it was revealed that Daniel Siniawa and Associates of Dickson City, Pennsylvania, designed a condo complex for Pittston City. The location of this complex is at Kennedy Blvd. (between the Water Street Bridge and East Street). Riverfront Park is located to the west of the development. Each tower, 5 stories in height, will have 45 units. Space is currently being made by destroying CareerLink and other buildings. The Del-Mar Dress Factory and B&G Beverage are also in the process of being purchased and demolished. For more information, visit: http://www.danielsiniawa.com/pittston_waterfront.htm
In 2008, the city invested in renovating the downtown area sidewalks with a brick theme. Colorful brick pavers line the sidewalks along the curbside and at street crossings. Black street lights and sign posts were also placed to enhance the appearance of the downtown.
In December 2009, several buildings along William Street were demolished. These included St. John the Baptist Church and School, St. John the Baptist Catholic Information Library, St. John the Baptist Rectory, the Msgr. Joseph A. Super Athletic Center, and Dave's Billiards. The only building remaining is part of the school where DeMuro's Pizzeria is located. A memorial green space is planned for the site of the church, because it had served the Slovak community for over 107 years. A parking lot is planned for the space where Dave's Billiards was located.
The Pittston Area School District consists of five schools:
- Ben Franklin Kindergarten Center - Dupont (Grades: K)
- Pittston Area Primary Center - Hughestown (Grades: 1-2)
- Pittston Area Intermediate Center - Pittston (Grades: 3-5)
- Martin L. Mattei Middle School - Pittston (Grades: 6-8)
- Pittston Area Senior High School - Yatesville (Grades: 9-12)
Private schools There were several Catholic schools in the Greater Pittston area; many have been closed by the Diocese of Scranton due to lack of funding and low enrollment.
Pittston Tomato Festival
The City of Pittston promotes itself as "The Quality Tomato Capital of the World." The Pittston Tomato Festival, in its twenty-eighth year in 2011, is held annually on South Main Street in downtown Pittston to celebrate the city's tradition and heritage in cultivating the tomato. This year's festival will take place from Thursday, August 15 - Sunday August 18, 2013
The event consists of many food vendors from the Greater Pittston area, a beauty pageant, a tomato tasting contest, a best looking and ugliest tomato contest, a 5 km run through the city, tomato fights, live entertainment, and a parade. In May 2011, Parade Magazine cited the Pittston Tomato Festival and its tomato fights. See www.pittstontomatofestival.com for more information.
Interstate 81 and US Route 11 pass near Pittston, heading north to Binghamton and south to Harrisburg. Pittston is also located near the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, Interstate 476, providing a link to Allentown and Philadelphia.
The Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport is located in Pittston Township. The airport is served by eight international airlines and has hosted Air Force One on regional presidential visits several times in the past. In the spring of 2002, the airport began offering an increased number of non-stop flights across the nation. Service is provided by Allegiant, Delta, United Airlines, and US Airways.
Pittston is served by the Luzerne County Transportation Authority and COLTS, which provides bus services to the city and other communities within Luzerne County and Lackawanna County. Martz Trailways also provides commuter, tour, and trip service from Pittston, and nearby locations in downtown Scranton and Wilkes-Barre to points east and south, such as Philadelphia, New York City, and Atlantic City.
At present, the Reading Blue Mountain & Northern Railroad, Canadian Pacific Railway (successor to the Delaware and Hudson) and the Luzerne & Susquehanna Railroad (designated-operator of the county-owned shortline) provide freight service within the city and Pittston Township. A proposed nearby commuter train from Scranton to New York City has received government funding.
Sites of interest in the Pittston area
- The Ice Box, located in Jenkins Township
- Pittston Memorial Library
- Mohegan Sun at Pocono Downs
- Pocono Raceway (Long Pond)
- SNO-Montage Mountain Ski Resort (Scranton)
- Toyota Pavilion at Montage Mountain (Scranton)
- Wachovia Arena at Casey Plaza (Wilkes-Barre Township)
- Scranton Cultural Center (Scranton)
- Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport (Pittston Township)
- Mike Aquilina, author
- Charles Calvin Bowman, mayor of Pittston and U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania
- James Joseph Brown, mining innovator
- Lou Butera, professional pool player
- Jimmy Cefalo, Penn State football player, Miami Dolphins wide receiver, radio voice of the Miami Dolphins
- William D'Elia, mobster
- J. Harold Flannery, U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania
- Justin Gustainis, professor and author
- Mike Hudock, professional football player
- Hughie Jennings, Major League Baseball player and manager
- Shawn Klush, Elvis tribute artist
- John D. MacArthur, businessman and philanthropist
- Tommy McMillan, Major League Baseball outfielder and shortstop
- Joseph Montione, radio personality
- John Callaio Jr., local news guest celebrity
- Ray Musto, U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania
- Jay Parini, professor and author
- Charley Trippi, University of Georgia football player, 1943 Rose Bowl MVP, College Football Hall of Fame inductee, Chicago Cardinals quarterback and Pro Football Hall of Fame inductee. The football stadium at Pittston Area High School in Yatesville is named in his honor.
- Troncale, Anthony T. "About Lewis Wickes Hine". New York Public Library. Archived from the original on 2007-03-08. Retrieved 2007-05-22.
- Twin Shaft Disaster Marker. Hmdb.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- Mayors of Pittston, Pennsylvania. The Political Graveyard. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- [dead link]
- Pittston welcomes its youngest mayor - News - Citizens' Voice. Citizensvoice.com (2010-01-05). Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- Election roundup - The Sunday Dispatch. Psdispatch.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) . The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pittston, Pennsylvania.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Pittston.|
- City of Pittston, Pennsylvania
- Pittston Memorial Library
- Pittston, Pennsylvania at DMOZ
- Greater Pittston Chamber of Commerce
- "Pittston". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921.
- "Pittston". Encyclopaedia Britannica 19 (9th ed.). 1885.
- "Pittston". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.