Pizzle

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Bull pizzle cut into small pieces for dogs to chew.

Pizzle is an old English word for penis, derived from Low German pesel or Flemish Dutch pezel, diminutive of pees, meaning 'sinew'.[1] The word is used today to signify the penis of an animal,[2] chiefly in Australia and New Zealand.[3]

Original uses[edit]

Bull pizzle

It is also known, at least since 1523, especially in the combination "bull pizzle", to denote a flogging instrument made from a bull's penis – compare bullwhip.

In heraldry[edit]

Pizzles are represented in heraldry, where the adjective pizzled (or vilené[4]) indicates that part of an animate charge's anatomy, especially if coloured differently.

Modern uses[edit]

Animal consumption[edit]

Pizzles, or Bully Sticks, are almost exclusively used/produced today as chewing treats for dogs.[2] They are prepared from a fibrous muscle, which is cleaned, stretched, twisted and then sun dried, oven baked, or smoked. Wood used in the smoking process can impart its aroma to the pizzle. The result is a very hard, 80–100 centimetres (30–40 in) long brown stick, which is then sawed into pieces appropriate for the size of the dog.[citation needed]

Glue[edit]

The pizzle of a bull was commonly rendered for use as glue.[5]

Human consumption[edit]

In addition to being used as a dog treat, pizzles are also eaten by humans for their health benefits such as being low in cholesterol and high in protein, hormones, vitamins and minerals such as calcium and magnesium.[2] Pizzles for human consumption are prepared either by freezing or by drying. Scottish deer pizzles are thought to boost stamina and were used by Chinese athletes at the 2008 Summer Olympics.[2][6] Pizzles can be served in soup, and if they have been dried they can be turned into a paste. Pizzles may also be mixed with alcoholic beverages or simply thawed (if frozen) and eaten.[2] In Jamaica, bull pizzles are referred to as "cow cods" and are eaten as cow cod soup. Like many pizzle-based foods, cow cod soup is claimed to be a male aphrodisiac.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Beijing Olympics 2008 in short". The Daily Telegraph. 21 Aug 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-31. 
  3. ^ pizzle, OED 
  4. ^ Rietstap, J. B. (1884). Armorial général ; précédé d'un Dictionnaire des termes du blason. G. B. van Goor zonen. p. XXXI. "Vilené: se dit un animal qui a la marque du sexe d'un autre émail que le corps" 
  5. ^ Food for the Armed Forces 5–6, 1946 
  6. ^ "G20 summit represents a good start". The Scotsman. 15 November 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-31.