Place du Châtelet

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1st, 4th Arrt
Place du Châtelet
Map pointer.svg
Paris plan wee green jms.jpg
Arrondissement 1st, 4th
Quarter Châtelet
Length 60 m (200 ft)
Width 60 m (200 ft)
Creation Unknown
Denomination Châtelet
The Great Chatelet.jpg
Ancient picture of the Châtelet, looking south from rue Saint-Denis

The Place du Châtelet (French pronunciation: ​[plas dy ʃatlɛ]) is a public square in Paris, on the right bank of the river Seine, on the borderline between the 1st and 4th arrondissements. It lies at the north end of the Pont au Change, a bridge that connects the Île de la Cité, near the Palais de Justice and the Conciergerie, to the right bank.

Two identical-looking theatres stand facing the square, the Théâtre du Châtelet and the Théâtre de la Ville, both designed by architect Gabriel Davioud and completed between 1860 and 1862 as part of Baron Haussmann's grand reconfiguration of Paris.

The name "Châtelet" refers to the stronghold, the Grand Châtelet, that guarded the northern end of the Pont au Change, containing the offices of the prévôt de Paris and a number of prisons, until it was demolished in 1802-10.[1]

Fountain[edit]

At the square's center is Fontaine du Palmier, designed in 1806 by architect and engineer François-Jean Bralle (1750-1832) to celebrate French victories in battle. It has a circular basin, six metres (twenty feet) in diameter, from which a column rises in the form of a palm tree's trunk 18 metres (58 feet) tall. The palm trunk is surmounted by a gilded figure of the goddess, Victory, holding a laurel wreath in each upraised hand; the goddess figure stands on a base ornamented with bas-relief eagles. The gilded finial is by sculptor Louis-Simon Boizot.

Four allegorical figures also by Boizot ring the base of the fountain: Prudence, Temperance, Justice, and Strength. From top to bottom, bands of bronze gilt pay tribute to the victories achieved in the following battles: The Siege of Danzig (1807, Prussia), the Battle of Ulm (1805, Austria), the Battle of Marengo (1800, Italy), the Battle of the Pyramids (1798, Egypt), and the Battle of Lodi (1796, Italy). Its sphinxes were designed in 1858 by Gabriel Davioud and sculpted by Henri Alfred Jacquemart (1824-1896); they commemorate Napoleon's victory in Egypt.

Metro station[edit]

The Place du Châtelet is:

Located near the Métro stationChâtelet.

It is served by lines 1, 4, 7, 11, and 14.

Paris m 1 jms.svg Paris m 4 jms.svg Paris m 7 jms.svg Paris m 11 jms.svg Paris m 14 jms.svg

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jacques Hillairet, Dictionnaire historique des rues de Paris, 8th ed. (Éditions de Minuit, 1985), Vol. 1, pp. 331-34.

Sources[edit]

  • The History of Paris from the Earliest Period to the Present Day, London : printed for Geo. B. Whittaker, Ave-Maria Lane, 1825, vol. 3, page 122.
La Fontaine du Palmier
in the Place du Châtelet

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 48°51′27″N 2°20′50″E / 48.85750°N 2.34722°E / 48.85750; 2.34722