Placetas

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Placetas
Municipality
Nickname(s): La Villa de los Laureles (Laurel City)
Placetas municipality (red) within  Villa Clara Province (yellow) and Cuba
Placetas municipality (red) within
Villa Clara Province (yellow) and Cuba
Placetas is located in Cuba
Placetas
Location of Placetas in Cuba
Coordinates: 22°18′57″N 79°39′20″W / 22.31583°N 79.65556°W / 22.31583; -79.65556Coordinates: 22°18′57″N 79°39′20″W / 22.31583°N 79.65556°W / 22.31583; -79.65556
Country  Cuba
Province Villa Clara
Established 1861[1]
Incorporated 1881 (town)
  1925 (city)
Area[2]
 • Total 601 km2 (232 sq mi)
Elevation 205 m (673 ft)
Population (2004)[3]
 • Total 71,208
 • Density 119.5/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-428
Highways Carretera Central

Placetas (Spanish pronunciation: [plaˈsetas]) is a city in the Villa Clara Province in the center of Cuba; before the change in the country's government in 1959 the province was called Las Villas. Close towns include Zulueta (to the north), San Juan de los Remedios (to the northeast), Cabaiguán and Fomento (to the east), and Santa Clara and Camajuani (to the west). The town is also known as La Villa de los Laureles because of its wild laurel trees. Placetas is also a municipio, one of 13 subdivisions of the Villa Clara Province. Cuba's geographical center, Guaracabuya, is located in this municipality.

History[edit]

Placetas was founded on September 9, 1861 mainly due to the sugar production industry. Nowadays, the main produce of the area is tobacco. The main contribution to its foundation came from Jose Martinez-Fortun y Erles, a Spanish Marques and former colonel in the Spanish Army. The town is located on the Carretera Central road, which cuts through the town. The town's position on this road has allowed it to serve as a stop for many travellers. Placetas has grown considerably over the years, being declared a town in 1881 and a city in 1925. In 1879 it was established as its own municipality.[1] Placetas is also known by the great carnavals which take place in July and Christmas and New Year's Eve.

Placetas was the birthplace of Emilio Mola, general and instigator of the Spanish Civil War.

Demographics[edit]

In 2004, the municipality of Placetas had a population of 71,837.[3] With a total area of 601 km2 (232 sq mi),[2] it has a population density of 119.5/km2 (310/sq mi). The city proper has a population of 42,000.

Placetas is also called, "Villa de los Laureles" due to the characteristic trees that are planted in strategic places around the town. The city is registered as the place where the river Zaza is born, the river runs from the outskirts of the town into the sea. The river Zaza is currently an environmental preservation area. The area is primarily a sugar producing region, with three "centrales" sugar producing factories. Placetas also has mayor railroad industries that operate from its area. The municipality is divided into the barrios of Cabecera, Guaracabulla, Hernando, Nazareno, San Andrés, Sitio Potrero and Tibisial.[1]

Administration[edit]

In common with other Cuban towns, the city of Placetas was originally divided in barrios. These were: Cabecera, Guaracabulla, Hernando, Nazareno, San Andres Sitio Potrero and Tibisial.[1] Annual celebrations displaying the local pride of each barrio used to take place until the 1990s, when the government stopped them.

The main Catholic church in the town is called San Atanasio de Placetas, after the town's patron saint. As of 1996, it had one library, a main post office, three middle-high schools(13 de Marzo, Rodolfo Leon Perlacia and Julio Antonio Mella), one police station and many recreational areas. Most of the town's structures were built before the communist government of Fidel Castro, and little of the town has been renovated since 1959.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Guije.com. "Placetas" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-09. 
  2. ^ a b Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-09. 
  3. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-09. 

External links[edit]