Plainfield, New Jersey

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Plainfield, New Jersey
City
City of Plainfield
Aerial photograph of Plainfield
Aerial photograph of Plainfield
Nickname(s): The Queen City[1]
Map of Plainfield in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Plainfield in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Plainfield, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Plainfield, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°36′56″N 74°24′57″W / 40.615444°N 74.415775°W / 40.615444; -74.415775Coordinates: 40°36′56″N 74°24′57″W / 40.615444°N 74.415775°W / 40.615444; -74.415775[2][3]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Union
Incorporated April 21, 1869
Government[7]
 • Type Special Charter
 • Mayor

Adrian Mapp Term ends December 2017

)[4]
 • Administrator Eric Berry[5]
 • Clerk Abubakar Jalloh[6]
Area[3]
 • Total 6.034 sq mi (15.626 km2)
 • Land 6.023 sq mi (15.599 km2)
 • Water 0.011 sq mi (0.027 km2)  0.18%
Area rank 256th of 566 in state
8th of 21 in county[3]
Elevation[8] 95 ft (29 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11][12]
 • Total 49,808
 • Estimate (2012[13]) 50,244
 • Rank 35th of 566 in state
3rd of 21 in county[14]
 • Density 8,270.1/sq mi (3,193.1/km2)
 • Density rank 45th of 566 in state
4th of 21 in county[14]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 07060-07063[15]
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3403959190[16][3][17]
GNIS feature ID 0885355[18][3]
Website http://www.plainfield.com

Plainfield is a city in Union County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population increased to 49,808, the highest ever recorded population in any decennial census,[10][11][12] with the population having increased by 1,979 (+4.1%) from the 47,829 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,262 (+2.7%) from the 46,567 counted in the 1990 Census.[19] Plainfield is nicknamed "The Queen City".[1]

Plainfield was originally formed as a township on April 5, 1847, from portions of Westfield Township, while the area was still part of Essex County. On March 19, 1857, it became part of the newly created Union County.

Plainfield was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 21, 1869, from portions of Plainfield Township, based on the results of a referendum held that same day. The city and township coexisted until March 6, 1878, when Plainfield Township was dissolved and parts were absorbed by Plainfield city, with the remainder becoming Fanwood Township (now known as Scotch Plains).[20]

Geography and climate[edit]

Plainfield is located at 40°36′56″N 74°24′57″W / 40.615444°N 74.415775°W / 40.615444; -74.415775 (40.615444,-74.415775). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 6.034 square miles (15.626 km2), of which, 6.023 square miles (15.599 km2) of it is land and 0.011 square miles (0.027 km2) of it (0.18%) is water.[2][3]

The city is located in Central Jersey on the southwestern edge of Union County and is bordered by nine municipalities. Scotch Plains lies to the north and east, and Fanwood to the northeast. Bordered to the south are South Plainfield, and Piscataway. To the southwest lies Dunellen and to the southeast, Edison. All which are in Middlesex County. Green Brook lies to the northwest, North Plainfield lies to the north and Watchung borders to the northwest. All three of these municipalities are in Somerset County. Plainfield is in the Raritan Valley, a line of cities in central New Jersey, and lies on the east side of the Raritan Valley along with Edison.

Plainfield has a humid continental climate, characterized by brisk to cold winters and hot, muggy summers. The lowest temperature ever recorded was −17 °F (−27 °C) on February 9, 1934, and the highest temperature ever recorded was 106 °F (41 °C) on July 10, 1936, and August 11, 1949.[21] According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Plainfield has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[22]

Climate data for Plainfield, New Jersey (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39.3
(4.1)
43.4
(6.3)
52.5
(11.4)
63.9
(17.7)
74.1
(23.4)
82.6
(28.1)
86.8
(30.4)
85.1
(29.5)
77.7
(25.4)
65.9
(18.8)
54.9
(12.7)
43.4
(6.3)
64.13
(17.84)
Average low °F (°C) 23.3
(−4.8)
25.4
(−3.7)
31.7
(−0.2)
41.0
(5)
50.2
(10.1)
59.8
(15.4)
65.0
(18.3)
63.4
(17.4)
55.7
(13.2)
44.2
(6.8)
36.0
(2.2)
27.8
(−2.3)
43.63
(6.45)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.70
(94)
2.91
(73.9)
4.29
(109)
3.77
(95.8)
4.22
(107.2)
4.12
(104.6)
5.30
(134.6)
3.58
(90.9)
4.64
(117.9)
4.30
(109.2)
3.90
(99.1)
3.72
(94.5)
48.44
(1,230.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 6.8
(17.3)
7.0
(17.8)
3.6
(9.1)
.6
(1.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.4
(1)
2.6
(6.6)
21.0
(53.3)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.7 8.3 9.5 10.9 10.3 10.0 9.4 8.8 8.3 8.3 9.1 9.7 112.3
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.9 2.0 1.4 .2 0 0 0 0 0 0 .2 1.4 8.1
Source: NOAA [23]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 5,095
1880 8,125 59.5%
1890 11,267 38.7%
1900 15,369 36.4%
1910 20,550 33.7%
1920 27,700 34.8%
1930 34,422 24.3%
1940 37,469 8.9%
1950 42,366 13.1%
1960 45,330 7.0%
1970 46,862 3.4%
1980 45,555 −2.8%
1990 46,567 2.2%
2000 47,829 2.7%
2010 49,808 4.1%
Est. 2012 50,244 [13] 0.9%
Population sources: 1870-1920[24]
1860-1870[25][26] 1870[27] 1880-1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1870-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[10][11][12]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 49,808 people, 15,180 households, and 10,884 families residing in the city. The population density was 8,270.1 per square mile (3,193.1 /km2). There were 16,621 housing units at an average density of 2,759.8 per square mile (1,065.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 23.54% (11,724) White, 50.20% (25,006) Black or African American, 0.91% (455) Native American, 0.95% (474) Asian, 0.05% (26) Pacific Islander, 20.13% (10,024) from other races, and 4.21% (2,099) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 40.37% (20,105) of the population.[10]

There were 15,180 households of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 24.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.23 and the average family size was 3.60.[10]

In the city, 25.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.3 years. For every 100 females there were 101.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.[10]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $52,056 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,048) and the median family income was $58,942 (+/- $4,261). Males had a median income of $33,306 (+/- $4,132) versus $37,265 (+/- $3,034) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,767 (+/- $1,013). About 12.2% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over.[34]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] of 2000, there were 47,829 people, 15,137 households, and 10,898 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,921.7 people per square mile (3,057.4/km²). There were 16,180 housing units at an average density of 2,679.8 per square mile (1,034.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 21.45% White, 61.78% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.93% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 10.78% from other races, and 4.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.16% of the population.[32][33]

There were 15,137 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 24.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.49.[32][33]

In the city the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the city was $46,683, and the median income for a family was $50,774. Males had a median income of $33,460 versus $30,408 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,052. About 12.2% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

History[edit]

A typical Bungalow style house in Plainfield.

It was settled in 1684 by Quakers,[35] and incorporated as a city in 1869. Formerly a bedroom suburb in the New York metropolitan area, it has become the urban center of 10 closely allied municipalities, with diversified industries, including printing and the manufacture of chemicals, clothing, electronic equipment, and vehicular parts. Among the several 18th-century buildings remaining are a Friends' meetinghouse (1788),[36] the Martine house (1717), and the Nathaniel Drake House (1746), known as George Washington's headquarters during the Battle of Short Hills in June 1777.[37][38] Nearby Washington Rock is a prominent point of the Watchung Mountains and is reputed to be the vantage point from which Washington watched British troop movements.[39][40]

In music history, Plainfield is known as the birthplace of P-Funk. George Clinton founded The Parliaments while working in a barber shop in Plainfield. Parliament-Funkadelic was inducted in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997. Plainfield is now home to former New Jersey governor James McGreevey.[41]

In sports history, Plainfield is the birthplace of several current and former athletes, including professionals and well-known amateurs. Included in their number are Milt Campbell, the 1956 Olympic Decathlon gold medalist (the first African-American to earn this title),[42] and Joe Black, the first African-American pitcher to win a World Series game.[43]

There are numerous sites, including homes, parks, and districts in the city that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. While not listed, the Plainfield Armory, a prominent landmark completed in 1932, was sold by the state in 2013 as surplus property.[44]

Civil disturbance[edit]

Plainfield was affected by the Plainfield riots in July 1967. This civil disturbance occurred in the wake of the larger Newark riots. One Plainfield police officer died, about fifty people were injured, and several hundred thousand dollars of property was damaged by looting and arson. The New Jersey National Guard restored order after three days of unrest.[45] This civil unrest caused a massive white flight, characterized by the percentage of black residents rising from 40% in 1970 to 60% a decade later.[46]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

A historic home in Plainfield, New Jersey.

Plainfield is governed under a Special Charter granted by the New Jersey Legislature by a mayor and a seven-member City Council, all of whom serve four-year terms in office. All council members are elected to four-terms of office. There are four wards, with one ward seat up for election each year. There are three at-large seats: one from the First and Fourth Wards; one from the Second and Third Wards; and one from the City as a whole. The three at-large seats and mayoral seat operate in a four-year cycle, with one seat up for election each year.[7]

On January 1, 2014, Adrian O. Mapp took office as Mayor of the City of Plainfield. (D, term of office ends December 31, 2017).[47] Members of the Plainfield City Council are Chairperson, Committee of the Whole William Reid (Ward 1; D, 2014), Tracey L. Brown (At Large All Wards; D, 2016), Vera Greaves (At Large Wards 1 and 4; D, 2015), Adrian O. Mapp (Ward 3; D, 2016), Bridget B. Rivers (Ward 4; D, 2013), Cory Storch (Ward 2; D, 2015) and Rebecca Williams (At Large Wards 2 and 3; D, 2014).[48][49][50][51][52]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Home of former Governor Jim McGreevey in Plainfield.

Plainfield is located in the 12th Congressional District[53] and is part of New Jersey's 22nd state legislative district.[11][54][55] Prior to the 2010 Census, Plainfield had been part of the 6th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[56]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[57] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[58][59] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[60][61]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 22nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nicholas Scutari (D, Linden) and in the General Assembly by Jerry Green (D, Plainfield) and Linda Stender (D, Scotch Plains).[62][63] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[64] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[65]

Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members.[66] As of 2014, Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term ends December 31, 2014),[67] Vice Chairman Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015),[68] Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015),[69] Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, 2016),[70] Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014),[71] Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2016)[72] Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2016),[73] Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015)[74] and Vernell Wright (D, Union, 2014).[75][76] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union, 2015),[77] Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union, 2016)[78] and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014).[79][80] The County Manager is Alfred Faella.[81]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 20,722 registered voters in Plainfield, of which 12,078 (58.3% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 947 (4.6% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 7,693 (37.1% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[82] Among the city's 2010 Census population, 41.6% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 56.1% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).[82][83]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 14,640 votes here (93.3% vs. 66.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 909 votes (5.8% vs. 32.3%) and other candidates with 46 votes (0.3% vs. 0.8%), among the 15,683 ballots cast by the city's 22,555 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.5% (vs. 68.8% in Union County).[84][85] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 15,280 votes here (92.3% vs. 63.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1,110 votes (6.7% vs. 35.2%) and other candidates with 56 votes (0.3% vs. 0.9%), among the 16,548 ballots cast by the city's 22,516 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.5% (vs. 74.7% in Union County).[86] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 11,508 votes here (85.4% vs. 58.3% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 1,773 votes (13.2% vs. 40.3%) and other candidates with 88 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 13,480 ballots cast by the city's 20,445 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.9% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).[87]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 7,140 ballots cast (81.3% vs. 50.6% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 1,057 votes (12.0% vs. 41.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 355 votes (4.0% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 84 votes (1.0% vs. 0.8%), among the 8,786 ballots cast by the city's 21,738 registered voters, yielding a 40.4% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).[88]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The Plainfield Public School District serves students in kindergarten through 12th grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide,[89] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[90][91]

As of the 2010-11 school year, the district's 15 schools had an enrollment of 8,105 students and 501.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 16.18:1.[92] Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[93]) are Barlow Elementary School[94] (339; K-5), Cedarbrook Elementary School[95] (575; K-8), Clinton Elementary School[96] (329; K-8), Cook Elementary School[97] (313; K-7), Emerson Community School[98] (483; K-5), Evergreen Elementary School[99] (555; K-5), Jefferson Elementary School[100] (395; K-5), Stillman Elementary School[101] (273; K-5), Washington Community School[102] (565; PreK-5), Woodland Elementary School[103] (266; K-5), Hubbard Middle School[104] (354; 6-8), Maxson Middle School[105] (329; 6-8), Plainfield High School[106] (1,392; 9-12), Barack Obama Academy for Academic & Civic Development[107] (53; 9-12) and Plainfield Academy for the Arts and Advanced Studies[108] (160; 7-9, to be expanded to 7-12).[109]

The district's high school was the 280th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 328 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2012 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 307th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed.[110] The school was removed in 2009 from the list of persistently dangerous schools in New Jersey.[111]

Plainfield is also home to New Jersey's first high school focused on sustainability, the Barack Obama Green Charter High School.[112]

Higher education[edit]

Union County College, a community college headquartered in nearby Cranford, maintains a campus in downtown Plainfield.[113]

Commerce[edit]

Portions of Plainfield are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[114]

Transportation[edit]

Plainfield has two New Jersey Transit rail stations on the Raritan Valley Line, formerly the mainline of the Central Railroad of New Jersey. The main Plainfield station is in the downtown and a second, smaller Netherwood station is in the Netherwood section, east of the downtown. The New Brunswick train station is approximately 15 minutes away.

NJ Transit also provides bus service on the 113 and 114 to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 59, 65 and 66 (Limited) to Newark; and local service on the 819 and 822 routes.[115]

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 30 minutes away.

Muhlenberg Regional Medical Center[edit]

Solaris Health System, a nonprofit company which owns Muhlenberg Regional Medical Center, a hospital in Plainfield, asked for permission to close the hospital. This request has been opposed by People's Organization for Progress, an advocacy group based in Newark, New Jersey.[116][117][118] The closing has been attributed to the large number of uninsured patients served by the hospital.[119]

Plainfield Teacher's College hoax[edit]

Plainfield Teacher's College, a mythical institution created as a hoax by a duo of college football fans in 1941. The phony college's equally nonexistent football team had its scores carried by major newspapers including The New York Times before the hoax was discovered.[120]

Arts and popular culture[edit]

  • The Plainfield Symphony performs concerts at Crescent Avenue Presbyterian Church. The orchestra was founded in 1919, making it one of the oldest continuously operating orchestras in the United States.[121]
  • In October 2010, former Plainfield music teacher Anwar Robinson and performer Yolanda Adams joined with community residents to try to be recognized by Guinness World Records for assembling the world's largest gospel chorus.[122]
  • In the teaser trailer for the film, A Good Day to Die Hard, John McClane remarks "the 007 of Plainfield, New Jersey" thus confirming this as his fictional birthplace.[123]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Plainfield include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b City of Plainfield, accessed April 5, 2007. "On behalf of the City of Plainfield, I greet you with the passion and enthusiasm that hopefully you share for our Queen City, Plainfield, New Jersey."
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  4. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  5. ^ City Administrator, City of Plainfield. Accessed August 6, 2012.
  6. ^ City Clerk, City of Plainfield. Accessed August 6, 2012.
  7. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 98.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Plainfield, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  9. ^ 2010 Census Populations: Union County", Asbury Park Press. Accessed May 21, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Plainfield city, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 10, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  12. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Plainfield city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed April 10, 2012.
  13. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  14. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 26, 2011.
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed August 5, 2012.
  18. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 6, 2012.
  20. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 240. Accessed April 10, 2012.
  21. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  22. ^ Climate Summry for Plainfield, New Jersey
  23. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 2, 2012. 
  24. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed May 21, 2013.
  25. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 281, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 29, 2013. "Plainfield in 1860, had a population of 3,194; and in 1870, 5,095." Population shown for 1860 is for Plainfield Township, and also conflicts with values shown elsewhere.
  26. ^ Conant, Blandina; edited by Ripley, George; and Dana, Charles Anderson. The American cyclopaedia: a popular dictionary of general knowledge, Volume 13, p. 568, D. Appleton & Company, 1875. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  27. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 261. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  28. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  29. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 339. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  30. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 712. Accessed April 10, 2012.
  31. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed April 10, 2012.
  32. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Plainfield city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 6, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Plainfield city, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 6, 2012.
  34. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Plainfield city, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 10, 2012.
  35. ^ Dudley, William L. "Friendly Families: The Shotwells", in The Story of the Friends in Plainfield Including A History of Early Quaker Families, Rahway & Plainfield Friends (Quaker) Meeting, March 29, 1929. Accessed May 21, 2013.
  36. ^ Nutt, Bill. "Plainfield places", Courier-News, September 3, 2003. Accessed July 11, 2013. "The Society of Friends Meeting House, an apparently unassuming structure on Watchung Avenue in the North Avenue Commercial Historic District, is the oldest continuously used house of worship in the city."
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  118. ^ "They rally to save Muhlenberg center Sixty or so people, many from the Plainfield area, gathered in front of the Statehouse Thursday to protest the planned closing of Muhlenberg Regional Medical Center...". Asbury Park Press. May 9, 2008. 
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  127. ^ Cooper, Kim; Smay, David; and Austen, Jake. "Bubblegum Music is the Naked Truth", p. 126. Feral House, 2001. ISBN 0-922915-69-5. Accessed October 26, 2011. "Jeff Barry: I was born in Brooklyn. When I was about seven, my parents got divorced, and I moved in with my mom and sister in Plainfield, New Jersey."
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  134. ^ "71st Annual Hot Stove Awards Dinner, Feb. 11, Honors Union County Athletes, Young and Old", Union County, New Jersey press release dated February 2, 2007. Accessed November 14, 2007. "Manny Collins was a standout at both wide receiver and defensive back for the Plainfield High School Cardinals and earned All-County, All-Conference and All-Area honors."
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  144. ^ via Associated Press. "Phyllis Kirk, 79, Who Starred in ‘House of Wax’ and ‘Thin Man’, Dies", The New York Times, October 23, 2006. Accessed April 10, 2012. "Phyllis Kirkegaard was born in Plainfield, N.J., but moved to New York City in her late teens to study acting and shortened her last name to Kirk."
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External links[edit]