Planned Canadian Forces projects

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List of future or planned Canadian Forces projects.

Canadian Army[edit]

Model Type Number Dates Manufacturer Details
Improved combat uniform CADPAT 24,000 2012 The Department of National Defence estimates the production rate would be about 24,000 ICU uniforms per year. The decision to change the combat uniform is mostly due to problems with drying, and it offers poor integration with operational equipment. The other reason is the loss of colour after only one year of use.[1]
Small Arms Replacement Project small arms N/A 2012–2022 N/A

In October 2007, Department of National Defence approved the Identification of the Small Arms Replacement Project II (SARP II). The SARP II will deliver a modern networked integrated direct fire, multi-effect, portable anti-personnel and anti-material capability that includes weapons, fire control, munitions, training systems and logistic support. The cost for SARP II exceeds $1 Billion for the 2012-2022 period.[2]

Long-Range Precision Rocket System (LRPRS) Multiple rocket launcher 17 2014–2018 The Department of National Defence is considering the purchase of the High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS). The former Chief of the Land Staff, Lieutenant-General Andrew Leslie, said the plan to acquire rocket launchers was something that "would be considered much further down the road—possibly in the 2012 time frame.[3] The Canadian Forces will acquire in total 17 Multiple rocket launcher by the year 2014–2018.[4][5][6]

The Canadian Forces wants a developed and battle proven military-off-the-shelf system.[7][8][9]

Bison Armoured personnel carrier 199 1996–2011 General Dynamics Canada/General Motors Diesel Division  Canada In 1996 the Treasury Board Preliminary approved the Wheeled Light Armoured Vehicle Life Extension (WLAV-LE) with an estimated cost of $230 million to modify the Bison fleet. At least 85% of the Bison fleet has been converted.[10]
Close Combat Vehicle Infantry fighting vehicle 108 2011 N/A The Department of National Defence is pursuing the purchase of vehicle meant to accompany the main battle tank into combat. The CV90, the Puma, the Piranha V,[11] the Boxer [12] and the Véhicule blindé de combat d'infanterie are the most likely candidates for the role. The Canadian Forces has recently tested a CV90 that can carry seven soldiers. A contract of 108 with an option for up to 30 more.[13][14][15] Both Nexter Systems and BAE Systems Hägglunds promised to assemble the entire vehicles in Canada and also promised industrial benefits for local industries.[16][17] According to Ottawa Citizen, all bidders have been rejected by the Public Works and the Defence Department.[18] Bombardier Transportation may build the vehicles for the Canadian Forces if Nexter wins the contract.[19] The bidding has apparently been restarted and the three contenders are Nexter's VBCI, BAE Hagglunds' CV90, and General Dynamics Land Systems Canada's Piranha V.[20] The program was canceled in 2013.[21]
Husky Mounted Detection Systems Mine detection 2 2011 NIITEK A contract to provide two Husky HMDS mine detection to the Canadian Forces for $16.4 million.[22]
Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle Armoured Personnel Carrier 500 2014–2016 Textron Systems Canada Inc., Rheinmetall  Canada/ United States TAPV project will procure 500 vehicles with an option for an additional 100. They will replace the RG-31 Nyala and Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle and will complement the G-Wagen starting by 2014. The TAPV will be equipped with EODC’s Advanced Modular Armor Protection (AMAP). Rheinmetall and Kongsberg Protech Systems will build the Remote weapon station (RWS).[23][24] The Canadian Army will use the Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle (TAPV): a reconnaissance variant and a general utility variant. 193 reconnaissance variant vehicles will replace the Coyote. The remaining 307 vehicles will serve as new armoured personnel carriers, equipped with Remote Weapon Systems.[25]
Leopard 2 based AEV Armoured engineering vehicle 13 2011–2017 N/A 13 new armoured engineering vehicles (AEV), with an option for 5 more, will be acquired as part of the Force Mobility Enhancement (FME) project. The new AEV will replace the Canadian Forces’ aging fleet of Leopard 1-based Badger AEV fleet.[26][27]
Leopard 2-based ARV Armoured recovery vehicle 2 2011 N/A 2 new armoured recovery vehicles (ARV), with an option for 2 more, will be purchased to replace or supplement the existing Taurus ARVs as part of the FME project.[26][27]
Tactical mobility equipment Mine plows/Mine rollers/Dozer blades 29 2011 N/A The FME project will acquire 29 dozer blades, mine ploughs and mine rollers to equip the Leopard 2 fleet starting by 2011. Option of 30 more.[26][27]
LAV III Upgrade Program Infantry fighting vehicle 550 2011–2019 General Dynamics Canada  Canada The Department of National Defence will modernize 550 LAV-IIIs and incorporate new features. The modernization program include the upgrade of the fire control and acquisition systems, the upgrade of the lethality and the firepower, the upgrade of the mobility, and finally increasing the level of protection with the STANAG 4569 level 4 instead of the current level 3.[28] The upgrade will extend the LAV III life span to 2035. Option of 80.[29][30][31][32][33] The PPCLI had tested a new LAV-III with a Remote weapon system (RWS).[34] The Nanuk Remotely Controlled Weapon Station was developed in Canada,and will gradually integrate the system into the Canadian Army.[35][36] The LAV RWS will provide troops with better protection against roadside bomb.[37][38]
Integrated Soldier System Network-centric warfare 17,000 2010
Special Equipment Vehicle Baseline Shelters 895 2009–2010 DEW Engineering and Development  Canada / Armorworks  United States [39]
Close Area Suppression Weapon Automatic grenade launcher 304 2011 Rheinmetall Defence Canada  Canada The Government of Canada has awarded a contract valued at $95 million to Rheinmetall Canada Inc., of Saint-Jean-Sur-Richelieu, Quebec, for the acquisition of 304 C16 Automatic Grenade Launcher Systems under the Close Area Suppression Weapon (CASW) project.

The C16 Automatic Grenade Launcher System is a modern high-velocity 40 mm weapon system which has multiple interrelated components that include a “grenade machine gun” and an advanced Fire Control System (FCS). The FCS, which has direct and indirect firing capability, is also equipped with full GPS and a laser range finder. The C16 system also includes a ground mount group (cradle and tripod), a thermal weapon sight, and multi-purpose and airburst ammunition. The contract also includes the provision of ancillary equipment, logistics containers, tactical containers, project management, system engineering, spare parts, interim support, and training. The first systems will be delivered to train the trainers in February 2011.[40]

Advanced Lightweight Anti-Armor Weapon System (ALAWS) Anti-tank guided missile N/A 2016 N/A $194 million has been set aside for the purchase of a short to medium range anti-tank guided missile which will replace the ERYX. The Raytheon/Lockheed Martin Javelin and Rafael Spike offered through the EuroSpike GmbH consortium are the only systems being considered. There has been no movement on the project since 2006 when the European based consortium was asked to resubmit its bid.[41]
Draganflyer X8 micro UAV 2 TBD Draganflyer  Canada The Canadian Forces will procure two Draganflyer X8 for $40,000. They will be based at CFB Suffield for trials.[42]
Stealth Snowmobile Snowmobile TBD TBD TBD The Canadian Forces will develop a "stealth" snowmobile which can travel more than 15 km in electric mode or hybrid mode. The government as launched a tender totaling 550,000 dollars to build a prototype.[43]
rigid hull inflatable boat rigid hull inflatable boat 8 TBD Kanter Marine Inc.  Canada The CANSOFCOM will received eight rigid hull inflatable boats with an option of two. The government recently awarded a contract for $1.87 million to Kanter Marine Inc. to produce a boat smaller than the current 7,2 meters boat used by the Canadian Forces.[44]

Royal Canadian Air Force[edit]

Model Type Number Dates Manufacturer Details
CH-147 Chinook Transport and Combat search and rescue (CSAR) Helicopter 15 2013 Boeing Integrated Defense Systems  United States Twin-rotor medium/heavy lift helicopter. Six CH-147 "D" model entered service in 2008, with a further 15 long range hybrid "F" models on order, with delivery expected 2013–2014.[45] Operationally deployed in January 2009 to Afghanistan. The future CH-147 "F" model will be fitted with MX-15 EO/IR surveillance turrets and AN/ALQ-213V Electronic Warfare Management System (EWMS).[46][47] The new Chinook will be fitted with a directed-energy laser-based counter-missile defense system able to track and defeat land and air-based missiles.[48] The first CH-147F is set to come off the assembly line for tests and evaluation flights in June 2012.[49] The RCAF received its first CH-47 on the 30th of June 2013.
CH-148 Cyclone Anti-submarine warfare (ASW) / utility helicopter 28 2015- Sikorsky Aircraft  United States The Forces were to take delivery of these aircraft beginning in November 2008. On 28 Apr 2009 the Government of Canada waived up to $89M in CH-148 late fees and allowed Sikorsky two years (2011) to deliver "compliant" Cyclones. A Department of National Defence web site dated 21 July 2009 indicates that the first delivery of a "compliant" CH-148 is scheduled for July 2012 with final delivery and "retrofit" of all 28 helicopters scheduled for December 2013. As of September 2013, the Government of Canada is considering cancelling the project due to continued delays and cost over-runs, estimated at $88 million.[50]
CC-130J-30 Super Hercules [51] Transport Aircraft 17 2010–2012 Lockheed Martin Aeronautics United States The first CC-130J-30 Super Hercules was delivered June 2010. The final CC-130J-30 will be delivered by April 2012.[52] All of the new aircraft will be flown by 436 (Transport) Squadron based at CFB Trenton.[53] The 17th of 17 CC-130Js built for the Royal Canadian Air Force completed final painting on January 2012. The last CC-130-J-30 was delivered on 11 May 2012.[54]
Fixed Wing Search and Rescue Replacement Fixed Wing Search and Rescue 17 2015 TBD The Canadian Forces are actively seeking a replacement for their fleet of DHC-5 Buffalo and C-130 search and rescue planes. The most likely contenders are the C-27J Spartan from Alenia Aeronautica, the C-295 from Airbus Military and the V-22 Osprey. Viking Air has also indicated that it may offer a newly built and modernized version of the Buffalo. The project encountered setbacks after complaints from CASA that the initial request for proposal was written specifically to favour the C-27J alone.[55] The Canadian Forces will acquire a new off-the-shelf fleet of fixed wing aircraft to replace the aging fleet of six CC-115 Buffalo and ten CC-130 Hercules. The project will cost $1.55-billion to acquired 17 fixed wing aircraft by the year 2015.[56]
Joint Uninhabited Surveillance and Target Acquisition System (JUSTAS) UAV TBD 2014–2017 TBD The JUSTAS project will see the acquisition of a Medium Altitude, Long Endurance (MALE) UAV for the Canadian Forces. The most likely candidate is the Global Hawk.[57][58]
Unmanned combat air vehicle UCAV TBD TBD TBD Senior Canadian defence leaders pitched the idea of spending up to $600 million for a fleet of unmanned combat air vehicle to take part in the Libyan civil war in 2011. According to DND documents, the military intends to spend over $1 billion on the project. In July 2012, the Conservative government approved a request to aerospace firms to provide details about the types of drones now available on the market. The government pointed out the need for the unmanned aircraft to operate in the Arctic. The unmanned air vehicle should also be able to carry precision-guided munitions. One possible candidate is the Predator C Avenger.[59][60]
PFA-series aircraft loaders 14 Fall 2011 TLD America/TLD Canada Inc $5.6 million CAD contract to TLD America to be completed by TLD Canada Inc as part of the Omnibus Support Vehicle Replacement Project[61]
TBD (likely Squire) tactical control radars 2 2011 Thales $55.6 million CAD contract as part of the TCR modernization Project[61]
Snowbirds CT-114 Tutors 2020 TBD The Canadian Forces is seeking a replacement for its aging fleet of 25 CT-114 Tutor aircraft by the year 2020.The Canadian Forces is planning to spend $755-million in the project. The CT-155 Hawk could be a potential replacement aircraft and would increase the ability of the Snowbirds to perform around the world with a 35% increase in fuel efficiency per aircraft.[62]
F-18 Fighter Replacement CF-188 Hornets TBD TBD TBD The Canadian Forces is seeking a replacement for its aging fleet of 77 CF-188 Hornet Fighter aircraft. The Canadian Forces is planning to spend up to $40-Billion in the project over a 36-year lifecycle. The Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet or the F-35 are potential replacement aircraft.

Royal Canadian Navy[edit]

Model Type Number Dates Manufacturer Details
Joint Support Ship Project auxiliary oiler replenishment 3 2017 ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems Canada Inc.  Canada/Seaspan Marine Corporation  Canada The Joint Support Ship Project (abbreviated as JSS Project) is a project undertaken by the Canadian Forces to provide the Royal Canadian Navy with three multirole naval vessels. These vessels will enable a Naval Task Force to remain at sea for six times longer than is currently possible. The Joint Support ships will provide the RCN with a greater flexibility to conduct a wide range of operations both domestically and internationally. Originally announced in 2004, a contract for the construction of these ships was to have been signed in 2009. They were to have been available for operational service in 2012. As of January 2012, contract for the construction of these ships has not been signed and proposed entry into service has been set back by five years to 2017. The RCN has concluded that the Berlin class replenishment ship and the Cantabria Class are the only candidates for adaptation as it can be adapted to meet the Canadian Forces requirements.[63] The Berlin Class AOR was selected on June 2, 2013.[64] The ships are scheduled to be built starting in 2016.[65]
Arctic Patrol Ship Project Arctic Patrol Ships 6–8 2014 Halifax Shipyard Canada On July 9, 2007, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced the construction of eight Arctic patrol ships capable of polar class 5 (PC-5) operations. This announcement also saw the federal government commit to establish a deep water port for RCN operations in the Northwest Passage and adjacent waters. The estimated cost of 6-8 vessels is $4.3 billion including maintenance for 25 years.[66] Possible design concepts under consideration include that of the Norwegian patrol vessel NoCGV Svalbard. As of January 2012 a contract for the construction of these ships has not been signed.
Single Class Surface Combatant Project wide-area air defence/Destroyer 15 2018-2033 Halifax Shipyard Canada The Single Class Surface Combatant Project is the name given by naval observers for the expected replacement of the Iroquois-class destroyer and eventually replace the Halifax-class frigate in the period beginning 2016–2017. As of January 2012 a contract for the construction of these ships has not been signed. DCNS had recently proposed two ships for the Canadian forces. The FREMM multipurpose frigate and the Mistral class amphibious assault ship.[67] The ships are scheduled to be built starting 2018.[68]
Kingston class Replacement Coastal defence vessel/Minehunter TBD 2020 Halifax Shipyard Canada The Royal Canadian Navy is discarding its $100M mid-life refit plan for the twelve vessels in this class.[69] Instead, MCDVs will be replaced by new vessels to enter service in 2020. It had been intended to retain the ‘mid-lifed’ vessels through 2045–2055 however, the Royal Canadian Navy has concluded that the money would be better spent in acquiring a new platform. RCN's review listed low speed and small size as reasons for the MCDV being inadequate for patrol duties (both are factors of the original specification). Critics note that patrol and training were tacked onto the mine-countermeasures role and that the platform lacks serious armament for a sovereignty enforcement role.[69] As of January 2012, a contract for the construction of these ships has not been signed.
Naval Remote Weapon Station remote weapon station N/A 2012 N/A The Department of National Defence has a requirement to provide a Naval Remote Weapons Station defence capability to the Halifax and Iroquois classes.[70][71]
Amphibious Assault Ship Project Amphibious assault ships TBD TBD TBD The Canadian Forces and Department of National Defence had discussed the possibility of acquiring one or more amphibious assault ships for the Royal Canadian Navy that would be capable of transporting up to 1,000 soldiers and equipment and supporting them in an amphibious assault. Such ships would be similar to the San Antonio class amphibious transport dock or Mistral class amphibious assault ship and would function as a light carrier capable of supporting aircraft such as the CH-147 Chinook transport helicopters, CH-148 Cyclone anti-submarine helicopters, CH-146 Griffon light utility helicopters, as well as vertical lift fighter jets, and water-borne landing craft and air cushioned vehicles. The project is not believed to have proceeded to the design stage. DCNS had recently proposed two ships for the Canadian forces. The FREMM multipurpose frigate and the Mistral class amphibious assault ship.[67]
ScanEagle UAV N/A 2012 Boeing  United States The use of anaerial platforms has garnered great interest for the Royal Canadian Navy. The project consists of a parametric study which will be used to determine the factors that affect the recovery of drone on board the Halifax class. In 2009, the HMCS Glace Bay was equipped with a Scan Eagle for this project. The Royal Canadian Navy has since decided the HMCS Charlottetown (FFH 339) will carry this small UAV when it returns to Libyan waters.[72]
High Frequency Surface Wave Radar Radar TBD 2014 Raytheon Canada  Canada The Canadian Forces will receive a new radar able to provide a persistent active surveillance of ship traffic in the 200 nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone. The HFSWR is able to provides coverage beyond conventional line of sight radars. The $7 million project will be used to build and install a next-generation High Frequency Surface Wave Radar (HFSWR) system and will be based in Nova Scotia [73][74]
surface-to-air missiles surface-to-air missiles N/A 2014–2015 N/A The Canadian Forces hopes in near future to replace the aging surface-to-air missiles on the Halifax Class. According to La Tribune, the Canadian Forces are interested both in American and French missiles. But in the last Canadian Association of Defence and Security Industries, the CF were interested to the French Aster surface-to-air missile.[75]
Unmanned surface vehicle USV N/A N/A N/A The government of Canada recently announced a $3-million to support research on USV technologies. Peter Mckay and the commander of the Royal Canadian Navy had says integrating USVs into the future fleet plan.[76][77]

Joint (space) projects[edit]

Model Type Number Dates Manufacturer Details
Tactical Satellite-Based Imagery System - Ground Segment Unclassified Remote-sensing Situational Awareness (URSA) system 2 2 November 2011 MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates, Ltd. The URSA system is a mobile, deployable system that will allow the download of satellite imagery directly from commercial satellites, including Canada’s Radarsat-2, as they pass over areas of interest, providing up-to-date mapping and surveillance of operational theatres. This capability is meant to support deployed commanders in mission planning and in making tactical decisions where time is crucial. The Canadian Forces will be acquiring two URSA systems, at a total cost of $31.1-million, one meant for international deployments and the other for domestic operations and training.[78]
Space Situational Awareness (SSA) TBA TBA TBA TBA Non-friendly parties may utilize high-resolution Commercial Satellite Imagery to collect information over areas that the CF may be operating in. The Space Situational Awareness capability will address this concern by providing military Commanders with increased awareness of satellite over flights in theatres of operation. The Space Situational Awareness capability will provide for the monitoring and analysis of the location and status of adversarial and third party commercial space resources. This includes providing information on threats posed by adversarial space assets to deployed CF elements and enabling commanders to account for potential space threats in their operational planning.[79]
Tactical Satellite-Based Imagery System - Space and Ground Segments - Upgrade Polar Epsilon - Radarsat Constellation 1 2014-15 MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates, Ltd. The Polar Epsilon project was approved on May 30, 2005. It uses information from RADARSAT-2, launched in December 2007, to produce imagery for Canadian military commanders to use in order to conduct operations in their areas of responsibility. The RADARSAT-2 information is used in many ways, including surveillance of Canada’s Arctic region and maritime approaches, the detection of vessels, and support to CF operations globally. The implementation phase of Polar Epsilon began in March 2009 with the design and construction phase of two new RADARSAT-2 ground stations, by MacDonald Dettwiler and Associates (MDA), one on the east coast in Masstown, N.S., and the other on the west coast in Aldergrove, B.C. The ground stations will be wholly owned and operated by the Government of Canada and are expected to be operational by March 2011. Completion of the Polar Epsilon project is expected by late 2011. The three satellites forming the RADARSAT Constellation scheduled for launch in 2014-15, will provide continuity of data for Polar Epsilon.
Mercury Global Wideband Global Satellite (WGS) Communications System 1 17 January 2012 Boeing Canada In exchange for a contribution of $337.3 million, the CF will obtain approximately 20 years of access to reserved frequencies for military communications in theatres of operation across the globe on this eight satellite system. By signing the WGS Memorandum of Understanding, Canada joins allies such as the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Denmark. Three of the originally planned eight satellites have already been launched and are in operation. The fourth will be launched the week of January 16, 2012, and the fifth is scheduled for launch later in 2012. The signing of the MOU will provide funding for the construction of a ninth satellite, further enhancing the constellation’s coverage.[80]

Joint (other) projects[edit]

Model Type Number Dates Manufacturer Details
New Defence Headquarters National Defence Headquarters Ottawa 1 2016 - 18 In late 2011 DND purchased the former campus of Nortel on Carling Avenue, in the west end of Ottawa for $208 million in order to establish a new headquarters facility there. The campus consists of 12 buildings on approximately 28 hectares that were owned by Nortel and 120 hectares leased from the National Capital Commission. An additional $630 million will be spent to refit the site and construct a new operational command building. Up to 10,000 military and civilian personnel will eventually work there. The move to the former Nortel campus will reduce the number of Defence Department and Canadian Forces locations in Ottawa and Gatineau from 48 to seven or less. DND’s main headquarters, the Major-General George R. Pearkes Building on Colonel By Drive, and its facility on Star Top Road will continue to be used. The Pearkes building was intended for Transport Canada, but in 1974 became DND headquarters. In 2008, DND came up with its long-term office accommodation strategy, which included a reduced headquarters building at Colonel By Drive, a continued presence in Gatineau and a consolidated campus that included a new operational command building.[81]
New Sigint Headquarters Communications Security Establishment Long-Term Accommodation Project (LTA) 1 2014 Plenary Properties Reporting to the Minister of National Defence the Communications Security Establishment Canada (CSEC) mandate is to protect the safety of Canadians and Canadian information and to provide C4ISR support to the Canadian Forces through electronic eavesdropping (sigint operations), robust encoding, and cyber-security. The ECHELON interception system, which also features cooperation with the US, UK and Australia, is the agencies’ best-known cooperative venture. Following the attacks of 11 September 2001, CSEC increased its size such that existing facilities at the Sir Leonard Tilley Building were no longer adequate to support its activities. Construction of the new $867 million, 72,000 square meter facility in Ottawa, next to CSIS Headquarters, began in 2011 and should be finished by 2014.[82][83]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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