|City of Plano|
Granite Park in May 2011
|Nickname(s): Gymnastics Capital of the World|
Location of Plano in Collin County, Texas
|Country||United States of America|
|• City council||Mayor Harry LaRosiliere|
|• City manager||Bruce D. Glasscock|
|• City||71.6 sq mi (185.5 km2)|
|• Land||71.6 sq mi (185.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||675 ft (206 m)|
|• City||269,776 (city proper)|
|• Density||3,820.2/sq mi (1,474.99/km2)|
|• Metro||6,426,214 (DFW Metroplex)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||75023-26, 75074-75, 75086, 75093-94|
|Area code(s)||214, 469, 972|
|GNIS feature ID||1344166|
The city's population was 269,776 at the 2010 census, making it the ninth most populous city in the state of Texas (Corpus Christi is ranked at #8 and Laredo is ranked at #10) and the 70th most populous city in the United States. Plano is located within the metropolitan area commonly referred to as the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. The city is home to many corporate headquarters: Alliance Data, Cinemark Theatres, Dell Services, Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Ericsson, Frito-Lay, HP Enterprise Services, Huawei, J. C. Penney, Pizza Hut, Rent-A-Center, Traxxas, Siemens PLM Software, and Toyota Motors USA.
In 2005, 2006, and 2011, Plano was designated the best place to live in the Western United States by CNN Money magazine. In 2006, Plano was selected as the 11th best place to live in the United States by CNN Money magazine. It was also selected as the safest city in America in 2010 and 2011 by Forbes. Plano schools consistently score among the highest in the nation. Plano was rated the 10th Best Suburb for Education in the Nation in 2014 due to having one of the lowest student-teacher ratios (14 to 1), a high school graduation rate of 94 percent and some of the highest test scores in the nation. It has been rated as the wealthiest city in the United States by CNN Money, and the United States Census Bureau declared Plano the wealthiest city of 2008 by comparing the median household income for all U.S. cities whose populations were greater than 250,000. In 2008, Forbes.com selected Plano, University Park, and Highland Park as the three "Top Suburbs To Live Well" of Dallas. The annual Plano Balloon Festival and the Plano International Festival are two of the city's premiere cultural and entertainment events.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Parks and recreation
- 6 Law and government
- 7 Education
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Notable people
- 10 Sister cities
- 11 Historic sites
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Settlers came to the area near present-day Plano in the early 1840s. Facilities such as a sawmill, a gristmill, and a store soon brought more people to the area. Mail service was established, and after rejecting several names for the budding town (including naming it in honor of then-President Millard Fillmore), the locals suggested the name Plano (from the Spanish word for "flat"), as a reference to the local terrain. The name was accepted by the post office. In 1872, the completion of the Houston and Central Texas Railway helped the city grow, and the city was officially incorporated in 1873. The population grew to more than 500 by 1874. In 1881, a fire raged through the central business district, destroying most of the buildings. The town was rebuilt and business again flourished through the 1880s. Also in 1881, the city assumed responsibility for what would eventually become Plano Independent School District (PISD), ending the days of Plano being served only by private schools.
The population of Plano initially grew slowly, reaching 1,304 in 1900 and increasing to 3,695 in 1960. By 1970, Plano began to feel some of the boom its neighbors had experienced after World War II. A series of public works projects and a change in taxes that removed the farming community from the town helped increase the overall population of Plano. In 1970, the population reached 17,872, and by 1980, it had exploded to 72,000. Sewers, schools and street development kept pace with this massive increase, largely because of Plano's flat topography, grid layout and planning initiatives.
In 1981 the Plano City Council adopted the city’s official logo based on a design submitted via a community contest by longtime Plano resident James R. (Jim) Wainner, a professional artist and graphic designer. City of Plano Code of Ordinances, Chapter 2, Article I, Section 2-1 (b) states that no person, firm, organization, or corporation other than the city shall adopt, use, display, incorporate, or appropriate the official logo of the city as any part of any material, equipment, or other matter of such person, firm, organization or corporation, without written application to and approval of the city council.
During the 1980s, many large corporations moved their headquarters to Plano, including J. C. Penney and Frito-Lay, which helped the city grow. By 1990, the population reached 128,713, dwarfing the county seat of McKinney. In 1994, the city was recognized as an All-America City. By 2000, the population grew to 222,030, making it one of the largest suburbs of Dallas. Plano is completely locked in by other municipalities and cannot expand in area, and there is little undeveloped land remaining within the city limits. However, one large tract of land is being developed as of July 2012. Turnpike Commons at the intersection of Renner Rd and the George Bush Turnpike (bordered also by Shiloh Rd to the east). The development will feature apartments, medical facilities, restaurants, a Race Trac gas station, and a hotel.
In 2013, Plano received top-scoring nationally in a livability index according to an algorithm created by AreaVibes.com, a Toronto-based company specializing in such data. The chart can be found here Best Places to Live in America. AreaVibes ranked Plano at the top of the list of U.S. cities with populations between 100,000 and 10,000,000. Another chart, Best Places to Live in 2013, also has Plano ranked number 1. Follow this link to see the chart Top 10 Best Places to Live.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Plano has a total area of 71.6 square miles (185.5 km2).
|Climate chart (explanation)|
As of 2009 western Plano has a higher concentration of Asians, while eastern Plano has a higher concentration of Hispanics and Latinos.
Plano is in the humid subtropical climate zone. The highest recorded temperature was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1936. On average, the coolest month is January and the warmest is July. The lowest recorded temperature was -7 °F (-22 °C) in 1930. The maximum average precipitation occurs in May.
Texas Almanac: 1850–2000
As of the census of 2010, there were 259,841 people. In the 2000 census there were 80,875 households, and 60,575 families in Plano. The population density was 3,102.4 people per square mile (1,197.8/km2). There were 86,078 housing units at an average density of 1,202.8 per square mile (464.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.9% White, 7.6% Black, 0.36% Native American, 16.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.86% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.7% of the population. Non-Hispanic Whites were 58.4% of the population, down from 85.4% in 1990.
Of the 80,875 households, 42.0% had children under the age of 18. Married couples accounted for 64.3%; 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.1% were non-families. Approximately 20.2% of all households were individuals, and 2.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73, and the average family size was 3.18.
Data indicates that 28.7% of Plano's population is under the age of 18, 7.0% is 18 to 24, 36.5% is 25 to 44, 22.9% is 45 to 64, and 4.9% who is 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females, there are 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.2 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $84,492, and the median income for a family is $101,616. About 3.0% of families and 4.3% of the population live below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Plano was the highest income place with a population of 130,000 or more in 2000. Plano was ranked the most affluent city with a population over 250,000 in the United States, with the lowest poverty rate of 6.3%. Its neighbor to the northwest, Frisco, was ranked the richest city for the population of under 250,000 in the United States, with a 2.7% poverty rate. In 2007, Plano had the highest median income of a city with a population exceeding 250,000 in the nation, at $84,492. As of 2010, Plano has a median income of $103,913 annually. According to crime statistics, there were four homicides in Plano in 2006, the lowest homicide rate of all U.S. cities of 250,000 or more population.
As of the 2000 U.S. Census, of the foreign-born residents, 17% originated from China, 9% originated from India, and 4% originated from Vietnam; a total of 31% of foreign-born residents came from these three countries. That year, 22% of Plano's foreign-born originated in Mexico.
Plano, along with Houston, has one of the state's two major settlements of Chinese Americans. The 2010 U.S. Census stated that there were 14,500 ethnic Chinese in Plano. Out of the cities with 250,000 and more residents, Plano has the sixth largest percentage of ethnic Chinese, making up 5.2% of the city's population. Charlie Yue, the executive vice president of the Association of Chinese Professionals, stated that he estimated that about 30,000 Plano residents are Chinese and that many "don't participate in government activities, like the census."
Chinese professionals began to settle Plano by 1991. As of 2011 the Chinese restaurants in DFW catering to ethnic Chinese are mainly in Plano and Richardson. Most of the DFW-area Chinese cultural organizations are headquartered in Plano and Richardson. Plano has six Chinese churches.
According to the Plano 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in Plano are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Bank of America Home Loans||5,400|
|2||HP Enterprise Services||4,800|
|9||Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Plano||1,670|
|10||Medical Center of Plano||1,300|
Approximately 80% of Plano's visitors are business travelers, due to its close proximity to Dallas and the many corporations headquartered in Plano. The city also has a convention center that is owned and operated by the city. Plano has made a concerted effort to draw retail to its downtown area and the Shops at Legacy in an effort to boost sales tax returns. The Shops at Legacy area has apartments, shops, and restaurants constructed with the New Urbanism philosophy. An experimental luxury Walmart Supercenter is located at Park Boulevard and the Dallas North Tollway.
Headquarters of major corporations
Some of the country's largest and most recognized companies have their headquarters in Plano. Tree-lined Legacy Drive in the 75024 ZIP code, between Preston Road and the Dallas North Tollway, has many corporate campuses. The following companies have headquarters or major regional offices in Plano:
Parks and recreation
Although Plano is named for the flat plains of the area, large trees abound in the city's many parks. One such tree, estimated to be over 500 years old, resides in Bob Woodruff park near Rowlett Creek on the city's east side
The two main Open Space Preserves, Bob Woodruff Park (321 acres) and Oak Point Park and Nature Preserve (801 acres), are connected by biking trails making the green space one large uninterrupted park space that is larger than Central Park in New York City (840 acres). Total acreage of all spaces managed by the Parks department currently totals 3,830.81. The Plano Master Plan has the acreage growing to 4,092.63 when complete.
There are five recreation centers. They are Tom Muehlenbeck Center, Carpenter Park Recreation Center, Oak Point Recreation Center, Liberty Recreation Center, and Douglass Community Center.
- Neighborhood Parks: 249.13 acres
- Linear Parks: 629.27 acres
- Community Parks: 1,120.65 acres
- Open Space Preserves: 1,324.13 acres
- Special Use Areas: 46.57 acres
- Golf Courses: 461.06 acres
Law and government
Plano is governed by the council-manager form of government, with a part-time city council that sets city policy and a city manager who is responsible for city operations. The Plano City Council consists of eight members elected by popular on a nonpartisan basis in staggered odd-year elections every other May. Council members and the mayor are elected by and serve the city at large. However, the council members serving in places one, two, three, and four must reside in that district, and the mayor always serves in place six. The mayor receives a yearly stipend of $8,400, and each council member receives $6,000.
All council members, including the mayor, serve a maximum of two consecutive four-year terms. The mayor and city council members could serve for a maximum of three consecutive three-year terms until voters approved changes to the city charter in 2011.
The 38th and current Mayor of Plano is businessman Harry LaRosiliere, who was elected as the first African-American mayor of Plano in May 2013. Plano elected its first African-American city council member, David Perry, in 1990.
In the 2008 fiscal year Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city reported $194 million in revenue, $212 million in expenditures, $278 million in total assets, $31.4 million in total liabilities, and $337 million in cash and investments.
- 11 Elevated Towers
- 12 Ground Storage Tanks
- 54.5 Million Gallon Water Storage Capacity
- 5 Pump Stations
- 225 Million Gallon Daily Pumping Capacity
- 1,080 Miles of Water Mains
- 65,965 Metered Service Connections
Fire and EMS services are provided by the Plano Fire Department.
Dallas' wealthy northern suburbs are overwhelmingly conservative and Plano, the largest of these suburbs, was ranked as the fifth most conservative city in America by the Bay Area Center for Voting Research in 2005.
Republican Van Taylor has represented Texas House District 66 since 2010, and Republican Jeff Leach has represented Texas House District 67 since 2013. Republican Ken Paxton has represented Texas Senate District 8 since 2013, replacing long-time Senator Florence Shapiro, who had represented the district since 1993. Paxton has declared his candidacy for Texas Attorney General, and Van Taylor has announced his intention to fill Paxton's seat.
Republican Congressman Sam Johnson has represented Texas's 3rd congressional district since 1991 (although Plano has only been in the district since 2003). Plano is represented in the United States Senate by Republicans Ted Cruz and John Cornyn
The United States Postal Service has several post offices in the area. There are full service offices located on 18th St., Jupiter Rd., Coit Rd., Parker Rd.,and Hedgcoxe Rd.
Fire Department (Plano Fire Department)
The Plano Fire Department consists of 314 full-time firefighters who operate out of 13 stations.
Crime and law enforcement
Policing in Plano is provided predominantly by the Plano Police.
There are 70 public schools, 16 private schools, two campuses of the Collin County Community College District (Collin College), and six libraries in Plano.
Primary and secondary schools
The Plano Independent School District serves most of the city. Student enrollment has increased dramatically over the past few decades. Plano has a unique high school system, in which grades 9-10 attend a high school and grades 11-12 attend a senior high. There are three senior high schools (grades 11-12) in PISD; Plano East, Plano, and Plano West. In Newsweek's 2012 list of best national high schools, Plano West was ranked as 63rd, Plano Senior as 108th, and Plano East as 243rd. Small portions of Plano are served by the Lewisville Independent School District, Frisco Independent School District, and Allen Independent School District. In 2012, Plano Independent School District announced that 128 seniors were selected as National Merit Semifinalists. Plano has given $1.2 billion in property tax revenue to other school districts through the Texas "Robin Hood" law, which requires school districts that are designated as affluent to give a percentage of their property tax revenue to other districts outside of the county. In 2008, PISD gave $86 million. Controversy erupted when the salaries of teachers in less affluent districts, like Garland ISD, exceeded the salaries of teachers in districts that had to pay into "Robin Hood".
In the 2013-14 school year, Plano ISD will open two 4-year high school Academies, one focusing on STEAM (STEM education plus Media Arts) and the other on health science. Additionally, the district will modify its existing International Baccalaureate program to allow freshman and sophomores in the program to be housed at Plano East Senior High School.
In addition to Catholic primary and middle schools, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Dallas operates John Paul II High School in Plano. Non-Catholic private schools in Plano include Plano Christian Academy, Great Lakes Academy, Spring Creek Academy, Prince of Peace Lutheran School, and Prestonwood Christian Academy. In addition, the Collin County campus of Coram Deo Academy is located in the One Church (previously Four Corners Church) facility in Plano.
Colleges and universities
Plano is the home to two campuses of Collin College, one at the Courtyard Center on Preston Park Boulevard and the larger Spring Creek Campus on Spring Creek Parkway at Jupiter. SMU-in-Plano, formerly SMU-in-Legacy, a branch of Southern Methodist University, is a graduate university serving the needs of 3,000 working professionals. Its academic programs include business, engineering and computer training, education and continuing education. It also features The Guildhall at SMU, which offers a masters program in video game development.
The Plano Public Library System (PPLS) consists of the W.O. Haggard, Jr. Library, the Maribelle M. Davis Library, the Gladys Harrington Library, the Christopher A. Parr Library, the L.E.R. Schimelpfenig Library, and the Municipal Reference Library. The Haggard library houses the system's administrative offices.
Many Chinese parents in Plano enroll their children in supplementary schools, where they get additional mathematics education and Chinese language education.
HuaYi Education (Simplified Chinese: 华裔中文学校, Traditional Chinese: 華裔中文學校, Pinyin: Huáyì Zhōngwén Xuéxiào; "Ethnic Chinese (non-Chinese citizen of Chinese ancestry) Chinese language School") is a Chinese language after school program located within a shopping center in Plano. Its students are mostly Asian American students enrolled in the Plano Independent School District. It has Mandarin Chinese classes, advanced reading lessons, mathematics lessons, and ping pong programs.
Plano is one of 12 suburbs of Dallas that opt into the Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) public transportation system. During most of its membership in DART, Plano was lightly served by bus lines, but in recent years, the Red Line of the DART Light Rail project has opened stations in Downtown Plano and at Parker Road, which provide access to commuters traveling to work elsewhere in the Dallas area. Approximately 1% of the city's population uses DART. The Parker Road station began charging for parking for non-member city residents on April 2, 2012. The program is called the Fair Share Parking initiative.
Plano was the first city in Collin County to adopt a master plan for its road system. The use of multi-lane, divided highways for all major roads allows for higher speed limits, generally 40 mph (64 km/h), but sometimes up to 55 mph (89 km/h) on the northern section of Preston Road. Plano is served directly by several major roadways and freeways. Central Plano is bordered to the east by U.S. Highway 75, the west by Dallas North Tollway, the south by President George Bush Turnpike, and the north by Texas State Highway 121. Preston Road (Texas State Highway 289) is a major thoroughfare that runs through the city.
Plano opened a new interchange at Parker Rd. and U.S. 75 in December 2010. The single-point interchange is the first of its kind in Texas. The design is intended to reduce severe congestion at this interchange. According to reports traffic congestion has been reduced 50-75%.
Plano is located roughly 30 miles northeast of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport; it is the primary airport serving Plano residents and visitors.
The following is a list of current residents of Plano, who have become famous outside of the community:
- Stephen J. Anderson, animated film director
- Lance Armstrong, former professional cyclist
- Justin Blalock, Offensive Tackle for the Atlanta Falcons
- Spencer Boldman, actor known for his role as Adam (a bionic superhero with super strength) on Disney XD original series Lab Rats (TV series)
- Kyle Bosworth, national football league, Jacksonville Jaguars
- James Buescher, NASCAR driver. 2012 NASCAR Camping World Truck Series champion.
- Fred Couples, professional golfer, formerly lived in Plano
- Chace Crawford, actor
- Kenton Duty, actor known for his role as Gunther Hessenheffer on the Disney Channel original series Shake It Up!
- Bob Guccione, publisher of Penthouse
- Michael Irvin, former professional football player, Dallas Cowboys
- Jimmy King, former member of the Fab Five.
- John Leake, former professional football player, Atlanta Falcons and Green Bay Packers
- Nastia Liukin, gymnastics, 5-time Olympic medalist including all-around gold and nine-time world medalist
- Hunter Mahan, professional golfer
- Kevin McHale, actor known for his role as Artie in the television series Glee, singer
- Hunter Parrish, actor
- Charlie Peprah, Safety, Dallas Cowboys
- Stéphane Robidas, current member of the Dallas Stars hockey team.
- Boz Scaggs, musician
- Meenakshi Seshadri, former Bollywood actress
- Florence Shapiro, Republican member of Texas Senate, known for sponsoring "Ashley's Laws"
- Lyon Sprague de Camp, fantasy writer
- Barbara Staff, co-chairman of the 1976 Ronald Reagan Texas presidential primary campaign
- Jonathan Stickland, member of the Texas House of Representatives from Tarrant County; born in Plano in 1983
- Alan Tudyk, actor
- Michael Urie, actor known for his role as Marc St. James in the television series Ugly Betty
- Danny Worsnop, lead vocalist of British metalcore band Asking Alexandria
- Ivanovo, Russian Federation
- Brampton, Ontario, Canada
- Marikina, Philippines
- San Pedro Garza García, Mexico
- Hsinchu, Taiwan, Republic of China
- Port Adelaide-Enfield, Australia
For a more thorough list of Plano's history see this link Plano Conservancy's Historic Plano Tour
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- Railey, Kimberley. "Cornyn seeks to lure Chinese Americans to GOP" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. September 3, 2014. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
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- "Upscale mall Shops at Willow Bend opens today in Plano to offer array of stores new to Texas". The Fort Worth Star-Telegram. 2001-08-03. Retrieved 2013-01-08.
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- "Plano's map of big trees". Tx-plano2.civicplus.com. Retrieved 2014-08-24.
- Plano’s Quin-centennial Bur Oak)
- "Plano Park Master Plan". Plano.gov. Retrieved 2014-08-24.
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- Boardman, Ananada (2013). "Plano, McKinney to vote on change to city council terms". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Schnyder, Mark (2013). "Plano Elects First Black Mayor". NBCDFW.com. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Watkins, Matthew (2013). "David Perry, Plano’s first black city council member, has died". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
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- "128 Seniors Named Semifinalists in National Merit Program". Plano ISD. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
- "Budget FAQ". Plano, Texas. 2008. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
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- "Academy Programs of Plano". Plano ISD. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
- "Collin County Campus." Coram Deo Academy. Retrieved on October 12, 2011. "Located at One Church- 2400 State Highway 121, Plano, TX"
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- "SMU Plano". Plano, Texas. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
- "Guild hall/". Retrieved 2011-07-11.
- "General Information." Plano Public Library System. Retrieved on October 17, 2011. "W.O. Haggard, Jr. Library 2501 Coit Road (75075 )" and "Library Administration 2501 Coit Road"
- Light, Nanette. "Editor's Note: Plano program connects kids to Chinese culture." Neighbors Go Plano. The Dallas Morning News. Published October 5, 2013. Updated October 4, 2013. Retrieved on October 29, 2013.
- Home page. HuaYi Education. Retrieved on October 29, 2013.
- "Former Plano resident, 7-time Tour de France winner Lance Armstrong retires". Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas: Dallas Morning News. 2011-02-16. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
- "Justin Blalock". 2014 NFL Enterprises LLC. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
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- Mayo, Michael (March 9, 1994). "Injury Puts Couples Out Of Honda". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
- "Chace Crawford busted for pot possession". Reuters. 2010-06-04. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
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- "John Leake". 2000-2014 Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Nastia Liukin". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
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- "Hunter Parrish". 2011 USA TODAY, a division of Gannett Co. Inc. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Charlie Peprah". 2014 ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Boz Scaggs". Rock and Roll Biographies. ClassicBands.com. 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
- Fong-Torres, Ben (2011). "Boz Scaggs: The Lowdown". The Official Boz Scaggs Fan Site. Boz Scaggs Music Community. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
- "Spurred by success: Meenakshi bares her claws!". Stardust. October 31, 2013. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Florence Shapiro". SMU. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- Thurber, Jon (November 13, 2000). "L. Sprague de Camp; Prolific Sci-Fi Writer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
- Hathorn, Billy (2010). "Mayor Ernest Angelo, Jr., of Midland and the 96-0 Reagan Sweep of Texas, May 1, 1976". West Texas Historical Association Yearbook 86: 81–2.
- "Jonathan Stickland's Biography". votesmart.com. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
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- "List of Plano's sister cities". Plano.gov. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
- "Hsinchu celebrates ties with its Texas sister city". Taipei Times. 2003-09-24. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
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|Learning resources from Wikiversity|
- Official website
- Plano Economic Development
- Plano Convention and Visitors Bureau
- Living in Plano & Collin County, TX
- Plano from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Plano, Texas at DMOZ