The Plano cultures is a name given by archaeologists to a group of disparate hunter-gatherer communities that occupied the Great Plains area of North America during the Paleo-Indian period in the United States and the Paleo-Indian or Archaic period in Canada.
 Distinguishing characteristics
The Plano cultures are characterised by a range of unfluted projectile point tools collectively called Plano points and like the Folsom people generally hunted bison antiquus, but made even greater use of techniques to force stampedes off of a cliff or into a constructed corral. Their diets also included pronghorn, elk, deer, raccoon and coyote. To better manage their food supply, they preserved meat in berries and animal fat and stored it in containers made of hides.
The Plano cultures existed in Canada during the Paleo-Indian or Archaic period between 9000 BC and 6000 BC. The Plano cultures originated in the plains, but extended far beyond, from the Atlantic coast to British Columbia and as far north as the Northwest Territories.
 United States
- Agate Basin complex, named for the Agate Basin Site.
- Cody complex, named for the Horner site near Cody, Wyoming, includes the Olsen-Chubbuck Bison Kill Site and the Jurgens Site.
- Hell Gap complex, such as the Hell Gap, Wyoming site for which is was named and the Jones-Miller Bison Kill Site.
- Foothills / Mountain complex 
- "Evolution of Projectile Points". U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- "Western Plano". Manitoba Archaeological Society. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- Waldman, Carl (2009) . Atlas of the North American. New York: Facts on File. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-8160-6858-6.
- "A History of Native People of Canada: Plano Culture". Canadian Museum of Civilization. 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- "The Peopling of Canada: Period 1, Plano people". Learners Portal, grants from Department of Canadian Heritage, Canadian Studies Program. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- Cassells, E. Steve. (1997). The Archeology of Colorado, Revised Edition. Boulder, Colorado: Johnson Books. p. 79. ISBN 1-55566-193-9.
- Cassells, E. Steve. (1997). The Archeology of Colorado, Revised Edition. Boulder, Colorado: Johnson Books. p. 81. ISBN 1-55566-193-9.
- Cassells, E. Steve. (1997). The Archaeology of Colorado, Revised Edition. Boulder, Colorado: Johnson Books. pp. 81-86. ISBN 1-55566-193-9.