Planorbis

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Planorbis
Temporal range: Jurassic–recent
Planorbis planorbis drawing.jpg
Drawing of a shell of Planorbis planorbis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Hygrophila
Superfamily: Planorboidea
Family: Planorbidae
Subfamily: Planorbinae
Tribe: Planorbini[1]
Genus: Planorbis
O. F. Müller, 1774[2]
Species

See text.

Synonyms[3]

Tropidiscus Stein, 1850

Planorbis is a genus of air-breathing freshwater snails, aquatic pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Planorbidae, the ram's horn snails, or planorbids. All species in this genus have sinistral or left-coiling shells. [3]

Description[edit]

Planorbis shells are flat-coiled and sinistral.

Distribution[edit]

This genus has a worldwide distribution. It is known from the Jurassic to the recent periods.[4]

Species[edit]

Species within the genus Planorbis include:

Subgenus Planorbis (Jalpuchorbis) Prysjazhnjuk & Kovalenko, 1986
Subgenus Planorbis (Planorbis) Müller, 1773
Subgenus ?
Suggenera and species brought into synonymy 
  • Subgenus Planorbis (Anisus) Studer, 1820: synonym of Anisus Studer, 1820
  • Subgenus Planorbis (Armiger) Hartmann, 1843 : synonym of Gyraulus (Armiger) Hartmann, 1843 represented as Gyraulus Charpentier, 1837
  • Subgenus Planorbis (Bathyomphalus) Charpentier, 1837: synonym of Bathyomphalus Charpentier, 1837
  • Subgenus Planorbis (Coretus) Gray, 1847: synonym of Planorbarius Duméril, 1805
  • Subgenus Planorbis (Gyraulus) Agassiz in Charpentier, 1837: synonym of Gyraulus Charpentier, 1837
  • Planorbis (Gyraulus) declivis var. balizacensis Peyrot, 1932: synonym of † Anisus balizacensis (Peyrot, 1932)
  • Subgenus Planorbis (Gyrorbis) Fitzinger, 1833: synonym of Valvata O. F. Müller, 1774
  • Subgenus Planorbis (Odontogyrorbis) Lörenthey, 1906: synonym of Anisus (Anisus) Studer, 1820
  • Subgenus Planorbis (Segmentina) Fleming, 1818: synonym of Segmentina Fleming, 1818
  • Planorbis acronicus Férussac, 1807: synonym of Gyraulus acronicus (Férussac, 1807)
  • Planorbis albus O. F. Müller, 1774: synonym of Gyraulus albus (O. F. Müller, 1774)
  • Planorbis argaeicus Sturany, 1904: synonym of Gyraulus argaeicus (Sturany, 1904)
  • Planorbis atkinsoni Johnston, 1879: synonym of Gyraulus atkinsoni (Johnston, 1879)
  • Planorbis biwaensis Preston, 1916: synonym of Gyraulus biwaensis (Preston, 1916)
  • Planorbis borealis Westerlund, 1875: synonym of Gyraulus acronicus (Férussac, 1807)
  • Planorbis campanulatus Say, 1821 accepted as Planorbella campanulata (Say, 1821)
  • Planorbis chinensis Dunker, 1848: synonym of Gyraulus chinensis (Dunker, 1848)
  • Planorbis contrarius O. F. Müller, 1774: synonym of Marisa cornuarietis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Planorbis convexiusculus Hutton, 1849: synonym of Gyraulus convexiusculus (Hutton, 1849)
  • Planorbis costulatus Krauss, 1848: synonym of Gyraulus costulatus (Krauss, 1848)
  • Planorbis crosseanus Bourguignat, 1862: synonym of Gyraulus albus (O. F. Müller, 1774)
  • Planorbis ehrenbergi Beck, 1837: synonym of Gyraulus ehrenbergi (Beck, 1837)
  • Planorbis essingtonensis E. A. Smith, 1882: synonym of Gyraulus essingtonensis (E. A. Smith, 1882)
  • Planorbis fragilis Tate, 1896: synonym of Gyraulus essingtonensis (E. A. Smith, 1882)
  • Planorbis gredleri Gredler, 1859: synonym of Gyraulus acronicus (Férussac, 1807)
  • Planorbis hebraicus Bourguignat, 1852: synonym of Gyraulus hebraicus (Bourguignat, 1852)
  • Planorbis hispidus Draparnaud, 1805: synonym of Gyraulus albus (O. F. Müller, 1774)
  • Planorbis imbricatus O. F. Müller, 1774: synonym of Gyraulus crista (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Gyraulus (Armiger) crista (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Planorbis laevis Alder, 1838: synonym of Gyraulus laevis (Alder, 1838)
  • Planorbis leucostoma Millet, 1813: synonym of Anisus (Anisus) leucostoma (Millet, 1813)
  • Planorbis natalensis Krauss, 1848: synonym of Afrogyrorbis natalensis (Krauss, 1848)
  • Planorbis paladilhi Moitessier, 1867: synonym of Gyraulus crista (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Gyraulus (Armiger) crista (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Planorbis parvus Say, 1817: synonym of Gyraulus parvus (Say, 1817)
  • Planorbis persicus Ancey, 1900: synonym of Planorbis intermixtus Mousson, 1874
  • Planorbis piscinarum Bourguignat, 1852: synonym of Gyraulus piscinarum (Bourguignat, 1852)
  • Planorbis riparius Westerlund, 1865: synonym of Gyraulus riparius (Westerlund, 1865)
  • Planorbis rossmaessleri Auerswald, 1851: synonym of Gyraulus rossmaessleri (Auerswald, 1851)
  • Planorbis rotula Benson, 1850: synonym of Gyraulus rotula (Benson, 1850)
  • Planorbis sivalensis Clessin, 1884: synonym of Gyraulus sivalensis (Clessin, 1884)
  • Planorbis spirillus Gould, 1859: synonym of Gyraulus spirillus (Gould, 1859)
  • Planorbis spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758): synonym of Anisus (Anisus) spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Planorbis thermalis Westerlund, 1885: synonym of Gyraulus laevis (Alder, 1838)
  • Planorbis umbilicatus (Müller, 1773): synonym of Planorbis (Planorbis) planorbis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Planorbis waterhousei Clessin, 1885: synonym of Gyraulus waterhousei (Clessin, 1885)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Albrecht C., Kuhn K. & Streit B. (2007). "A molecular phylogeny of Planorboidea (Gastropoda, Pulmonata): insights from enhanced taxon sampling". Zoologica Scripta 36: 27-39. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2006.00258.x.
  2. ^ Müller O. F. (1773). Vermivm terrestrium et fluviatilium, seu animalium infusoriorum, helminthicorum et testaceorum, non marinorum, succincta historia. Voluminis Imi pars Ima. pp. [1-33], 1-135. Havniae & Lipsiae. (Heineck & Faber).
  3. ^ a b Bouchet, P.; Rosenberg, G. (2014). Planorbis O. F. Müller, 1773. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=182692 on 2014-11-23
  4. ^ (in Czech) Pek I., Vašíček Z., Roček Z., Hajn. V. & Mikuláš R.: Základy zoopaleontologie. - Olomouc, 1996. 264 pp., ISBN 80-7067-599-3.

Further reading[edit]