|Town or city||Corwen|
Plas Uchaf (English: Upper Hall) is a 15th-century cruck-and-aisle-truss hall house, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south-west of Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales and 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Cynwyd. Its excellent workmanship indicates a house originally of considerable importance; it has been described as "of palatial significance".
The house consists of a long rectangle divided by a cross passage. The west end is a large hall some 25 feet (7.6 m) high. The east end consists of smaller rooms on two floors.
The roof structure is substantial, of paired cruck beams with additional horizontal, vertical and diagonal bracing. One unusual feature is that the truss between the cross-passage and hall is an aisle truss, a form normally only found in much larger buildings such as barns and churches. This suggests the use of English craftsmen and is an indication of the status of the original inhabitants.
The early history of the building is not documented. The original construction was thought to date from the late 14th or early 15th century, but part of the structure has been dated to 1435 by tree-ring dating. This is thought to be consistent with its use as the seat of the barons of Cymmer-yn-Edeirnion.
Decline and restoration
However, by 1964 the building had been abandoned. The inserted floor and panelling had been removed, and the structure was falling into ruin. Peter Smith and Ffrangcon Lloyd drew attention to the building in 1964, and it was eventually taken on and restored by the Landmark Trust.
The building is now maintained using income from its use as holiday accommodation.
- Ayres, James (1981). The Shell Book of The Home In Britain. London: Faber & Faber. p. 12. ISBN 0-571-11625-6. "Despite its relatively small size this house was of palatial significance in relation to its time and place"
- Monroe, L (1933). "Plas Ucha, Llangar, Merioneth". Arch Camb. pp. 81–87.
- Smith, Peter; Lloyd, Ffrangcon (1965). "Plas-Ucha, Llangar, Corwen". Transactions of the Ancient Monuments Society 1964 12. London: The Ancient Monuments Society. pp. 97–112.
- Smith, Peter (1988). "Aisle-truss and hammer-beam roofed houses". Houses of the Welsh Countryside - A study in historical geography (Second enlarged ed.). London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. pp. 94–95.
- "Plas Uchaf; Plas Ucha, Cynwyd". Coflein. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- Butler, L A S (1965). "Plas-Uchaf in Cymmer - A historical note". Transactions of the Ancient Monuments Society 1964 12. London: The Ancient Monuments Society. pp. 112–113.
- Cited by Smith/LLoyd as "Edward Llwyd, Parochilia (ed. R. H. Morris), II, p. 56"
- "1871 census Llangar". GENUKI - UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 2010-08-11.
- "Plas Ucha, Cynwyd". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
- "Restoration". Plas Uchaf: Near Corwen, Denbighshire - Sleeps 4. The Landmark Trust. 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-13.