This species was described in 1968 by Landau, Michel and Adam.
This species occurs in Africa.
The natural vectors of this species are not currently known.
Clinical features and host pathology
This species infects Thamnonys rutilans
Three subspecies are recognised: P. yoelii killicki, P. yoelii nigeriensis and P. yoelii yoelli.
It is advantageous to have a whole-animal model of malaria because often it is difficult to know which factors to study in vitro, particularly in a complex system like the immune system. Moreover, for many experiments it is not ethical or practical to use humans.
One of the special things about this particular model is that it has two strains with vastly different pathogenicity. These are generally referred to as the "lethal" and "non-lethal" strains of the species. Comparison of these two strains can be used to deduce which factors may contribute to more serious malaria infections in humans.
- Charoenvit, Yupin; Leef, Mary; Yuan, Leo; Sedegah, Martha; Beaudoin, Richard (March 1987). "Characterization of Plasmodium yoelii Monoclonal Antibodies Directed Against Stage-specific Sporozoite Antigens". Infection and Immunity 55 (1987): 5. PMID 2434426.
- Keitany, Gladys J.; Sack, Brandon; Smithers, Hannah; Chen, Lin; Jang, Ihn K.; Sebastian, Leslie (December 2012). "Immunization of Mice with Live-Attenuated Late Liver Stage-Arresting Plasmodium yoelii Parasites Generates Protective Antibody Responses to Preerythrocytic Stages of Malaria". Infection and Immunity 82 (12): 5143–5153. doi:10.1128/IAI.02320-14.
- White, Chelsi E.; Villarino, Nicolas F.; Sloan, Sarah S.; Ganusov, Vitaly V.; Schmidt, Nathan W. (10 December 2014). "Plasmodium Suppresses Expansion of T Cell Responses to Heterologous Infections". The Journal of Immunology 194 (2): 697–708. doi:10.4049/jimmunol.1401745.
- Valeelat O., Okeola; Oluwatosin A., Adaramoye; Chiaka M., Nneji (January 2011). "Antimalarial and antioxidant activities of methanolic extract of Nigella sativa seeds (black cumin) in mice infected with Plasmodium yoelli nigeriensis". PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH 108 (6): 1507–1512. doi:10.1007/s00436-010-2204-4. PMID 21153838.
- Harupa, Anke; Sack, Brandon; Lashmanan, Viswanathan. "SSP3 Is a Novel Plasmodium yoelii Sporozoite Surface Protein with a Role in Gliding Motility". Infection and Immunity 82 (11): 4643–4653. doi:10.1128/IAI.01800-14.
- Kaushansky, Alexis; Austin, Laura S.; Mikolajczak, Sebastian A.; Fang, Y. Lo; Miller, Jessica A.; Douglass, Alyse N.; Arang, Nadia; Vaughan, Ashley M.; Gardner, Malcom J.; Kappe, Stefan H. I. (January 2015). "Susceptibility to Plasmodium yoelii Preerythrocytic Infection in BALB/c Substrains Is Determined at the Point of Hepatocyte Invasion". Infection and Immunity 83 (1): 39-47. doi:10.1128/IAI.02230-14.
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