Platinum as an investment

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Estonian platinum coins
American Platinum Eagle, the official platinum bullion coin of the United States.

Platinum as an investment has a much shorter history in the financial sector than does either gold or silver, which were known to ancient civilizations. Experts posit that platinum is about 15-20 times scarcer than gold, on the basis of annual mine production. Because of this fact, platinum has nearly always tended to sell at a significant price premium to gold.[1] More than 75% of global platinum and 40% of palladium are mined in South Africa. Russia's mining company Norilsk Nickel produces another 44% of palladium, with the US and Canada-based mines producing most of the rest.[2]

Overview[edit]

Platinum is relatively scarce even among the precious metals. New mine production totals approximately only five million troy ounces (150 Mg) a year. In contrast, gold mine production runs approximately 82 million ounces (2,550 Mg) a year, and silver production is approximately 547 million ounces (17,000 Mg).[3] As such, it tends to trade at higher per-unit prices.

Platinum is traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) and the London Platinum and Palladium Market. To be saleable on most commodity markets, platinum ingots must be assayed and hallmarked in a manner similar to the way gold and silver are.[4][5]

The price of platinum changes along with its supply and demand; during periods of sustained economic stability and growth, the price of platinum tends to be as much as twice the price of gold; whereas, during periods of economic uncertainty,[6] the price of platinum tends to decrease because of reduced demand, falling below the price of gold, partly due to increased gold prices. Platinum price peaked at US$2,252 per troy ounce in March 2008 driven on production concerns (brought about partly due to power delivery problems to South African mines). It subsequently fell to US$774 per troy ounce ($25/g) in November 2008.[7] As of January 10, 2014, the platinum spot price in New York is US$1,428 per ounce, compared to US$1,246.20 per ounce for gold and US$20.18 per ounce for silver. Platinum is traded in the spot market with the code "XPT". When settled in United States Dollars, the code is "XPTUSD".

Investment vehicles[edit]

Exchange-traded products[edit]

Platinum price 1880–2011
Platinum price 1968–2012

Platinum is traded as an ETF (exchange-traded fund) on the London Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol LSEPHPT and on the New York Stock Exchange as ticker symbol PPLT[8] There are also several ETNs (exchange-traded note) available,[9] some of which are inverse to the price of platinum. A list can be found at ETFDB, stock encyclopedia.

Platinum coins[edit]

Platinum coins are another way to invest in platinum, although relatively few varieties of platinum coins have been minted, due to its cost and difficulty in working. Since 1997, the United States Mint has been selling American Platinum Eagle coins to investors.

Accounts[edit]

Most Swiss banks offer platinum accounts where platinum can be instantly bought or sold just like any foreign currency. Unlike physical platinum, the customer does not own the actual metal but rather has a claim against the bank for a certain quantity of metal.

Others[edit]

Other ways of investing in platinum include spread betting or contracts for difference on the price of the metal, owning shares in mining companies with substantial platinum assets or exposure, owning traded options in platinum (only available in the US market).[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Temple, Peter (12 December 2011). "Platinum anomaly could play for investors". Retrieved 2015-03-25. 
  2. ^ Louth, Nick (16 December 2011). "How to trade platinum and palladium". iii.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-03-25. 
  3. ^ NYMEX Platinum futures description
  4. ^ London/Zurich Good Delivery List
  5. ^ Brands of platinum on NYMEX
  6. ^ "Platinum versus Gold". The Speculative Invertor. 
  7. ^ Spot prices of platinum
  8. ^ "ETF Securities to sell Platinum, Palladium shares". Commodity Online. April 27, 2010. Retrieved May 10, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Platinum ETF and ETN list". Platinum ETF. May 15, 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2012. 
  10. ^ Louth, Nick (16 December 2011). "How to trade platinum and palladium". iii.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-03-25. 

External links[edit]