Plauen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Plauen, a former town which is now a district of Dresden.
Plauen
Plauen and the city hall tower in the morning fog
Plauen and the city hall tower in the morning fog
Coat of arms of Plauen
Coat of arms
Plauen   is located in Germany
Plauen
Plauen
Coordinates: 50°29′N 12°07′E / 50.483°N 12.117°E / 50.483; 12.117Coordinates: 50°29′N 12°07′E / 50.483°N 12.117°E / 50.483; 12.117
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Vogtlandkreis
Subdivisions 5 town boroughs with 38 parts
Government
 • Lord Mayor Ralf Oberdorfer (FDP)
Area
 • Total 102.12 km2 (39.43 sq mi)
Elevation 412 m (1,352 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 63,967
 • Density 630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 08523;-5;-7;-9
Dialling codes 03741
Vehicle registration V, AE, OVL, PL, RC
Website www.plauen.de

Plauen (German pronunciation: [ˈplaʊ̯ən])[2][3] is a town in the Free State of Saxony, east-central Germany.

It is the capital town of the district Vogtlandkreis. The town is situated near the border of Bavaria and the Czech Republic.

Plauen's slogan is Plauen - echt Spitze.

History[edit]

Plauen downtown
Plauen, old townhall
The Church of St. Markus
commemorative plaque in Plauen for the mass demonstration of 1989

Plauen was founded by Polabian Slavs in the 12th century and was passed to the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1327. The town was captured by the Archbishop of Magdeburg, Lippold von Bredow, in 1384. In 1466, it was passed to Albertine Saxony and later in 1569 to the Electorate of Saxony. Plauen became incoporated into the Kingdom of Saxony in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars.

In the late-19th century, Plauen became a centre of textile manufacturing, specializing in lace. Around 1910, Plauen, as an industrial 'boomtown' of the region, reached its population peak (1910 census: 121,000, 1912: 128,000).

In the 1930s, Plauen earned the distinction of hosting the first chapter of the Nazi Party outside of Bavaria. Plauen's population, however, has shrunk dramatically since the Second World War (1939: 111,000 inhabitants).

From 1945 onwards, Plauen fell into the Soviet occupation zone of Germany, which later became the German Democratic Republic (1949-1990). Plauen hosted a large Red Army occupation garrison and, in the last years of the GDR (DDR), an officer school of the Border Guards ("Grenztruppen der DDR"). The first mass demonstration against the socialistic regime in the GDR began in Plauen on 7 October 1989; this was the beginning of a series of mass demonstrations across the country and ultimately led to the re-unification of Germany in 1990.

The exposé Fast Food Nation gives special mention to Plauen as the first town of the GDR to have a McDonald's restaurant following the collapse of the Berlin Wall.

In the district reform of 1 July 2008, Plauen lost its urban district status and was merged into the district Vogtlandkreis.

Industry and infrastructure[edit]

Plauen (Vogtland) Oberer station lies on the Leipzig–Hof line. The section of this line through Plauen is part of the Saxon-Franconian trunk line running between Nürnberg, Hof, Plauen, Zwickau, Chemnitz and Dresden. The town had another station, Plauen (Vogtland) Unterer station (now defunct), on the Elster Valley Railway. There is a plan to rename the Oberer (Upper) station into Plauen Haputbahnhof (Main Station).

Vogtlandbahn (Vogtland Railway), a regional train company, operates services from Plauen to Hof, Werdau, Chemnitz, Zwickau, Falkenstein and Adorf within Germany and Cheb (Eger) in the Czech Republic. At these stations, there are other Vogtlandbahn services to München, Regensburg, Marktredwitz, Dresden and Leipzig within Germany and Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad) and Prague in the Czech Republic. A Vogtlandbahn Express Bus service runs between Plauen and Berlin Schönefeld Airport and Zoological Garden.

The Plauen Straßenbahn (Tramway) has 6 lines connecting the centre of town, Plauen-Tunnel stop, to the surrounding areas and the Oberer railway station.

Main sights[edit]

  • Museum Plauener Spitze
  • Galerie e.O. plauen
  • Old Town Hall
  • Elster Viaduct - second largest brick bridge in the world
  • Friedensbrücke - largest stone arch bridge in the world
  • Johanniskirche
  • Old Elster Viaduct - oldest bridge in Saxony
  • Malzhaus

Education and science[edit]

Plauen is home to a University of Applied Sciences with about 300 students and a DIPLOMA Fachhochschule.

Notable residents[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

Twin cities of Jößnitz (urban district)[edit]

Former twin cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen – Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden". Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). 6 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Krech, Eva-Maria; Stock, Eberhard; Hirschfeld, Ursula; Anders, Lutz Christian (2009). Deutsches Aussprachewörterbuch (in German). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. p. 828. ISBN 978-3-11-018202-6. 
  3. ^ Mangold, Max (2005). Das Aussprachewörterbuch (in German) (6th ed.). Mannheim: Dudenverlag. p. 635. ISBN 9783411040667. 

External links[edit]