Play (2011 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Ruben Östlund|
|Produced by||Erik Hemmendorff|
|Written by||Ruben Östlund
|Cinematography||Marius Dybwad Brandrud|
|Edited by||Jacob Secher Schulsinger|
Play is a 2011 Swedish film drama directed by Ruben Östlund and written by Östlund and Erik Hemmendorff. Inspired by actual court cases, it portrays a group of black boys who rob a smaller group of white boys by the means of a psychological game. The film was heavily debated in the Swedish press. It won the Nordic Council Film Prize in 2012.
In Gothenburg a gang of five black teenage boys act out an elaborate scheme for taking the belongings of one Asian and two white teenage boys, in which the blacks play good cop/bad cop. First they ask the time. When one of the victims checks the time on his mobile phone they claim it looks like the one that was stolen from a brother of one of them. The three boys have to come along to verify this with the brother. After some moving around, one boy of the gang wants to quit; the gang leader responds with beating him up and kicking him. The four remaining gang members proceed with the three boys. At one point the seven have to flee from a gang of adults, and one black and one white boy together get separated from the other five. By phone they find out the location of the others and reunite.
They end up in a deserted place where the four force the three to participate in a running contest, with one of the three against one of the four, where the group of the winner gets all valuables of all the boys. The two walk along a curved path to the starting point from where they have to run back to the others. The three lose due to a trick of the four: the boy from the group of three thought they had to run along the path, but the other boy ran straight. The three are now free to go. They have no phone to contact their parents and no money for the tram, so they travel without a ticket; they do not explain this to the conductor, and get fined and scolded by him for fare evasion.
Later the father of one of the victims confronts a gang member, but this is disapproved of by a female bystander who interprets this as racist.
The film led to a public debate in Swedish mass media, which in particular saw many indignated reactions from the far left of the political spectrum. The debate was triggered when author Jonas Hassen Khemiri published a list in Dagens Nyheter, with the title "47 reasons that I cried when I saw Ruben Östlund's film Play". Among Hassen Khemiri's reasons were number six, "because I thought it was racist", and number 27, "because the audience laughed when the black robbers called a white guy an ape".
Åsa Linderborg, chief cultural editor of Aftonbladet and a self-labeled communist, wrote a column about the film. She derogatorily characterised Östlund as "arty", and described her encounter with a black man soon after having left the theatre: "Within a nano second, my involuntarily programmed brain rolled out the same confused trailer for the progression of history as it always does when I see a coloured human: slave ships, Tintin in the Congo, cotton plantations, Rwanda, ANC, Muhammad Ali, the Cosby family, I Have a Dream, negerbollar, Malcolm X, children with flies in the face, Obama, AIDS, Idi Amin... a suburban mob stealing cell phones. I refuse to believe that it is this - another cliché - that Ruben Östlund wants to achieve. But what is it he wants then?" Fellow far-left journalist America Vera Zavala responded to Linderborg in the same newspaper. Vera Zavala argued that the film is not about race at all but about class, and described Linderborg's text as "language populism". She expressed admiration of Östlund as "the long-missing star in the Swedish director sky. ... Someone who dares - despite the expected cliché accusations of racism - to describe a brutal class society where Swedes rob Swedes." Lena Andersson of Dagens Nyheter argued that both class and race are secondary in the film; that it rather captures the universally human abuse of power, and that it is provoking because it allows the audience neither to put blame on someone else nor to feel guilty about itself in an easily recognisable way. Andersson wrote: "What's troublesome with Östlund's film is that it holds up a mirror, for once not for the white to mirror its predominance in, but for the oppressed to see that he is capable to oppress. This burdens both parties. ... The perception of 'the other' follows the same mechanisms whatever the name of the group is and doesn't become prettier because the group suffers or has suffered."
- Felperin, Leslie (2011-05-15). "Play". Variety.
- "Play får Nordiska rådets filmpris". SVT (in Swedish). 9 October 2012.
- Espinoza, Isabelle (2011-12-06). "Filmbloggen summerar Play-debatten". SVT Filmblogg (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- Hassen Khemiri, Jonas (2011-11-18). "47 anledningar till att...". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 2012-06-08.
för att jag tyckte att den var rasistisk." "för att publiken skrattade när de svarta rånarna kallade en vit kille för apa.
- Heimersson, Staffan (2008-04-08). "Åsa Linderborg, författare och redaktör". Fokus (in Swedish). Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- Linderborg, Åsa (2011-11-24). "Provokation utan ansvar". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 2012-06-08.
Inom loppet av en nanosekund rullade min ofrivilligt förprogrammerade hjärna upp samma förvirrade trailer över historiens gång som den alltid gör när jag ser en färgad människa: slavskepp, Tintin i Kongo, bomullsplantage, Rwanda, ANC, Muhammad Ali, familjen Cosby, I have a dream, negerbollar, Malcolm X, barn med flugor i ansiktet, Obama, aids, Idi Amin ... en förortsmobb som stjäl mobiltelefoner. Jag vägrar tro att det är detta – ytterligare en schablon – som Ruben Östlund vill uppnå. Men vad vill han då?
- Vera Zavala, America (2011-12-02). "Fördomar für alle". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 2012-06-08.
den stjärna på den svenska regissörshimlen som länge har saknats. ... Någon som vågar – trots de förväntade klichéanklagelserna om rasism – beskriva ett brutalt klassamhälle där svenskar rånar svenskar.
- Andersson, Lena (2011-12-03). "Allmänmänsklig maktutövning". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 2012-06-08.
Det besvärliga med Östlunds film är att den håller upp en spegel, för ovanlighetens skull inte för den vite att spegla sin överordning i, utan för den förtryckte att se att han är förmögen att förtrycka. Detta tynger båda parter. ... Blicken på 'den andre' följer samma mekanismer vad gruppen än heter och blir inte vackrare för att gruppen lider eller har lidit.