Plaza de España (Seville)
|Plaza de España|
Central building at the Plaza at sunset
|Architectural style||Renaissance Revival in Spanish architecture
Art Deco within Neo-Mudéjar styles
|Town or city||Seville|
|Floor area||45,932 m2 (494,410 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
The Plaza de España ("Spain Square", in English) is a plaza located in the Parque de María Luisa (Maria Luisa Park), in Seville, Spain built in 1928 for the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929. It is a landmark example of the Renaissance Revival style in Spanish architecture.
Maria Luisa Park
In 1929, Seville hosted the Ibero-American Exposition World's Fair, located in the celebrated Maria Luisa Park (Parque de María Luisa). It was designed by Jean-Claude Nicolas Forestier. The entire southern end of the city was redeveloped into an expanse of gardens and grand boulevards. The centre of it is Parque de María Luisa, a 'Moorish paradisical style' with a half mile of: tiled fountains, pavilions, walls, ponds, benches, and exhedras; lush plantings of palms, orange trees, Mediterranean pines, and stylized flower beds; and with vine hidden bowers. Numerous buildings were constructed in it for the exhibition.
Plaza de España
The Plaza de España, designed by Aníbal González, was a principal building built on the Maria Luisa Park's edge to showcase Spain's industry and technology exhibits. González combined a mix of 1920s Art Deco and 'mock Mudejar', and Neo-Mudéjar styles. The Plaza de España complex is a huge half-circle with buildings continually running around the edge accessible over the moat by numerous bridges representing the four ancient kingdoms of Spain. In the centre is the Vicente Traver fountain. By the walls of the Plaza are many tiled alcoves, each representing a different province of Spain.
Today the Plaza de España mainly consists of Government buildings. The Seville Town Hall, with sensitive adaptive redesign, is located within it. The Plaza's tiled 'Alcoves of the Provinces' are backdrops for visitors portrait photographs, taken in their own home province's alcove. Towards the end of the park, the grandest mansions from the fair have been adapted as museums. The farthest contains the city's archaeology collections. The main exhibits are Roman mosaics and artefacts from nearby Italica.
The Plaza de España has been used as a filming location, including scenes for the 1962 film Lawrence of Arabia. The building was used as a location in the Star Wars movie series — Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (1999) and Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002) — in which it featured in exterior shots of the City of Theed on the Planet Naboo. It also featured in the 2012 film The Dictator.
The Seville City Hall is not located at the Plaza de España. The central government departments are.
- Spanish gardens
- Paradise garden
- Persian gardens
- History of gardening
- List of world's fairs
- This square served as the palace of The Dictator in the film of the same name.
- http://www.sevilla5.com/monuments/plespana.html Sevilla-Plaza de España accessed 4/08/2010
- Sevilla-Parque de Maria Luisa. accessed 4/08/2010.
- http://www.andalucia.com/cities/seville/marialuisapark.htm Maria Luisa Park, Seville accessed 4/09/2010
- http://www.andalucia.com/cities/seville/plazadeespana.htm Plaza de España, Seville accessed 4/09/2010
- Symington, Andy (2004). "Sevilla". Andalucia (4. edition. ed.). Bath: Footprint Handbooks. p. 76. ISBN 9781903471876.