Pleasant Hills (Upper Marlboro, Maryland)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (September 2013)|
Pleasant Hills, 1990 HABS Photo
|Nearest city||Upper Marlboro, Maryland|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||80004334|
|Added to NRHP||August 06, 1980|
Pleasant Hills is a historic home located near Upper Marlboro in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. It is a large, two-part brick house with Greek Revival detailing, constructed in 1807. The house was built by William B. Sasscer.
Pleasant Hills was built in a side-hall-and-double-parlor plan style that was popular among the wealthy planter class of Prince George's County during the early part of the 19th century. The property was the homestead of the Sasscer and Hill family, prominent in local politics and commerce, since it was purchased by William Sasscer in 1807.
The architectural details of the house suggest that this structure was constructed during the 1830s. In fact, the architrave around the windows and doorways are identical to one that appears in an Asher Benjamin builder's book of 1830. The two-story hyphen and wing, however, are earlier, probably c. 1810, following the acquisition of the property in 1807. According to the current owners, the restoration/renovation process revealed building methods and materials in the kitchen wing that pre-dates the rest of the main block. This is also supported by a family legend that the original main block burned to the ground.
The side-hall and double-parlor plan in which Pleasant Hills was constructed is typical of homes built by the Prince George's County wealthy planter class. The double parlors allowed for a "best parlor" for receiving guests and a less formal back parlor (also known as dining parlor or sitting room) where the family could retire. Double parlors could also allow for the partially separate, yet concurrent, entertaining of ladies and gentlemen. One parlor contained the typical accoutrements of an early 19th-century parlor, including a dozen chairs, sofa, table, parlor mirror and three pictures.
The second of the two parlors contained a parlor lamp, sideboard, two tables, book stand, liquor case, and a few odds and ends. As was typical of the family parlor, this room appears to have been used for dining and reading or other forms of relaxation. Still another room (probably the one adjoining the kitchen in the old section) lists a sideboard, cupboard, table, and chairs.
The considerable amount of space given over to the hall passage further reflects the rise in the importance of separating social space from family space, and the control over circulation through rooms that occurred during the mid-18th century. The large hall served as both a formal entry into the house and a transitional space between the two parlors and the outside. It also allows for entry into either parlor without having to go through multiple rooms. The hall passage which runs from front to rear as seen at Pleasant Hills also allowed for cross ventilation, which was particularly important during summer months. Numerous inventories indicate that these passages were often used as living rooms during that time. It is not unusual to see listed dining or other tables, couches, desks, etc. within passages (or even bedsteads in second-floor passages). From these inventories the hall passage is speculated to be an integral part of the overall plan and probably served as more than just a formal entry.
The period in architecture in which Pleasant Hills was constructed embraced the neoclassical in both its Roman and Greek forms: Adamesque Georgian, Federal and Greek Revival. These elements are seen at Pleasant Hills in their vernacular form. Houses such as Pleasant Hills, located in rural areas removed from large, fashionable cites, were built by local carpenter/builders using builders' guides or pattern books. In fact, the architrave molding found around the windows and doors of the first story of the main block can be found in Asher Benjamin's builder's book, The Practical House Carpenter, published in 1830 (plate 46). Benjamin outlines Grecian-influenced patterns for moldings, architraves, frontispieces, etc. As stated by Benjamin, "I consider it necessary that all practical house carpenters should be fully acquainted with the orders of architecture, particularly those who reside in the country, where they have no opportunity of consulting an architect."
Pleasant Hills was built in two parts. The original main block and the current hyphenated wing were built by William B. Sasscer following his purchase of the property in 1807. This property included 350 acres of "Four Hills," "Moore's Craft" and "Littleworth." Sasscer also had an additional 400-acre "plantation", inherited from his father, on which he raised tobacco. As his will states, "...I wish the tobacco now on hand to be sold...." Also mentioned in the tax assessment records for William Sasscer is the "land with distillery on it... 3-3/4 acres" (and included in the inventory of his estate are 22 barrels). The inventory also indicates that sheep and lamb were raised on the plantation, which also included oxen, cows and pigs; and twenty-six slaves (fourteen men and boys and twelve women and children).
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- Lavoie, Catherine C., "Pleasant Hills HABS NO. MD-1012", Historic American Buildings Survey (National Park Service, Department of the Interior): 4, retrieved 17 September 2013
- (Garrett pgs. 46-47, 60-62)
- "Pleasant Hills". Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
- Pleasant Hills, Prince George's County, Inventory No.: PG:82A-2, including photo in 1974, at Maryland Historical Trust website
- M-NCPPC Inventory of Historic Sites (Prince George's County); William W. Early House, entry 82A-002, p. 155
- Pleasant Hills, 7001 Croom Station Road, Upper Marlboro, Prince George's County, MD: 18 photos and 18 data pages, at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Pleasant Hills, Dependencies, Upper Marlboro, Prince George's County, MD: 1 photo and 1 data page, at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Pleasant Hills, Granary, Upper Marlboro, Prince George's County, MD: 1 photo and 1 data page, at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Pleasant Hills, Large Tenant House, Upper Marlboro, Prince George's County, MD: 1 photo and 1 data page, at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Pleasant Hills, Small Tenant House, Upper Marlboro, Prince George's County, MD: 1 photo and 1 data page, at Historic American Buildings Survey