Pleasley

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Pleasley
Pleaseey 367857 74d20b72.jpg
St. Michael's Church in 1994
Pleasley is located in Derbyshire
Pleasley
Pleasley
 Pleasley shown within Derbyshire
Population 2,200 
OS grid reference SK502643
District Bolsover and Mansfield
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANSFIELD
Postcode district NG19
Dialling code 01623
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Bolsover
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Coordinates: 53°10′24″N 1°15′02″W / 53.17345°N 1.25044°W / 53.17345; -1.25044

Pleasley About this sound listen  is a small village in between the nearby towns of Chesterfield and Mansfield, it is 8 km south east of Bolsover, Derbyshire, England and 4 km north west of Mansfield, Nottinghamshire. The River Meden which forms the county boundary in this area runs through the village.

The bulk of the village is in the Derbyshire district of Bolsover, and constitutes a civil parish of the same name. The part in Nottinghamshire is in the district of Mansfield and is unparished. Pleasley is not mentioned in Domesday when it was part of Glapwell parish.[1]

Buildings[edit]

The parish church of St. Michael is built of squared sandstone and is believed to originate from the 12th century, as it includes a 12th-century chancel arch and font. There are also features from the 13th and 14th century, end evidence of significant restoration in the 19th century, when it was re-roofed in Welsh slate. A new south window was fitted in the chancel at this time. The pulpit came from Derby cathedral, and there is a second font, which carries the date 1662. The building is a grade II* listed structure.[2] It is situated close to the River Meden which marks the county boundary and also the boundary of the ancient Sherwood Forest.

Industry[edit]

George Sitwell, Ironmaster mined iron locally and at Pleasley built a furnace, a forge and power saws in the seventeenth century.[3]

Water flowing over the dam with renovated former mill building in Old Pleasley village

Pleasley was a coal mining village for over 100 years. The Stanton Ironworks Company leased the mineral rights in 1872, and work on building the shaft for Pleasley Colliery began soon afterwards. Stanton's continued to operate it until nationalisation in 1946, after which it was run by the National Coal Board until it closed in 1983, with some of the workforce transferring to nearby Shirebrook colliery from where the accessible remaining underground coal reserves were mined.[4] The mine was partly demolished but during the demolition it was realised that the pit winding engines were the only pair of such engines left. The former mine is now a museum. The spoil heaps have been turned into a large nature reserve, complete with large ponds, cycle and walking tracks.

Pleasley, as a whole, spreads into two counties, with the coal mine high above the old village centre and a series of very large old weaving mills below in the Vale being the historic main industries, together with farming.

The localities of Pleasley[edit]

Meden Square in Pleasley village

The area of Pleasley itself consists of four distinct areas: Pleasley Village, Upper Pleasley, Pleasley Hill with Radmanthwaite and Pleasley Vale.

Pleasley Village[edit]

Pleasley Colliery in its restored state in 2006 as a museum and visitors centre

Pleasley Village is the oldest part at the lowest point where the River Meden flows through the valley with a dam and mill pond in the centre of the village. Some original buildings remain, built from local sandstone, noticeably around the old mill site, and the two pubs.

Upper Pleasley[edit]

Upper Pleasley is situated at the southern end of the village, and is today the area around Terrace Lane. Terrace Lane was initially surrounded by fields, and eventually served as the back entrance to Pleasley Colliery, which is still visible today. Between 1875-1899, two rows of terraced houses were built on what is now Old Terrace. These were built for workers at the colliery. Private bungalows were built along Terrace Lane, and in the 1920s, more pit houses were built on New Terrace, and along the top of Terrace Lane.

The terraced houses on Old Terrace were demolished in the 1970s, and the land stood empty for 30 years. In the early 2000s, this land was built on and a new estate was built, with two new cul-de-sacs being built, and new houses being built along Old Terrace. In 2009, the older houses on New Terrace were demolished, and the remaining houses renovated. New homes were built in the place of the demolished houses, following the existing road layout.

Pleasley Hill[edit]

Former view up Pleasley Hill showing now-demolished terraced housing

Pleasley Hill consisted of rows of derelict terraced houses running along the main A617 road leading from Glapwell and the Pleasley By-pass towards Mansfield.

These were the subject of lengthy debate in the area, and are undergoing a scheme of demolition with residents gradually relocated for demolition in seven phases. These phases are expected to last until 2013, with the projected replacement residential housing having open spaces and parkland.

A small amount of housing regeneration was created by seven derelict terraced homes on Hillmoor Street being sold by Mansfield District Council to a social enterprise group named TREES for just one pound. TREES (Training Regeneration Education Employment and Sustainability) – administered under Mansfield-based ex-servicemen's charity Joint Forces Alliance Ltd – helps veterans to refurbish and ultimately live in the homes.[5][6]

The area is strictly part of Mansfield and prior to Mansfield Mayor Tony Egginton's reorganisation of the Wards and ward boundaries in time for the 2011 elections, it had its own 'Pleasley Hill' ward but afterwards the name became Bull Farm and Pleasley Hill.

Pleasley By-pass Extension[edit]

The Pleasley area is situated around the main A617 road. The Pleasley Hill section is a steep old winding single-carriageway which was scheduled for an improvement scheme designated Pleasley By-pass Extension, a Nottinghamshire County Council initiative intended to link the A617 Chesterfield Road North and MARR junction to the existing Pleasley By-pass, a long-established dual-carriageway created by Derbyshire County Council which termnates on the Nottinghamshire side at the base of Pleasley Hill.

The intended extension situated on the Nottinghamshire side has never been scheduled, and remains as a 'missing' section and bottleneck to the MARR route. Three proposals were mooted in 2004 with two alternate routes:

1. A single carriageway upgrade of the existing Pleasley Hill route
2. A single carriageway extension from the MARR junction at the top of Pleasley Hill routed through land running at the back of the old cemetery
3. A dual carriageway extension from the MARR junction at the top of Pleasley Hill routed through land running at the back of the old cemetery.[7]

Nottinghamshire County Council summarised the scheme as:[8]

Pleasley bypass extension has mixed impacts. It has clear economic benefits, and also will reduce accidents, pollution and noise along the existing route. However these are balanced by adverse effects along the new route, such as possible impact on wildlife and also a nearby primary school.

Mansfield District Council summarised the scheme as:[9]

As with the Rainworth Bypass this scheme will provide considerable environmental benefits and will be an important component in improving links between the District and the M1, via junction 29. Depending on finance being made available it is anticipated that construction of this proposal will commence after 2000/2001.

Despite extensive planning and preparation, the road scheme was abandoned by Government's allocation of regional transport funding in 2009.[10]

Despite no choice of route being made in the event of future re-scheduling of the bypass and the published expectations of "reduce accidents, pollution and noise" from Nottinghamshire Council, and of "considerable environmental benefits" from Mansfield Council, Mansfield District Council seem determined to progress building new homes on the demolished Pleasley Hill locality, irrespective of the topography being suggestive of a natural localised smog-trap from the existing route. As of early 2014, the housing scheme remains stalled.[11][12]

Pleasley Vale[edit]

Pleasley Vale is a deep, narrow valley, much of which is wooded, which has been formed by the River Meden cutting down through the underlying limestone escarpment.[13] The Vale has been the location for industry since at least 1767, when two forges and a corn mill are known to have been operating, powered by the river. The forges were run by George Sitwell, and were called Nether and Upper forge. The engineered river channel made it a good site for further development, and a consortium of businessmen from Nottingham and drapers from Mansfield leased the vale and Pleasley Park in 1782, in order to construct water-powered cotton mills. The Upper Mill was built first, on the site of the previous corn mill, and was operational by 1785. The Lower Mill was completed seven years later at a cost of £1,190, and was much bigger. A manager's house and a row of ten houses for the workers was also completed in 1792. The mills supplied cotton to the expanding East Midland hosiery industry. One of the original three businessmen was Henry Hollins, and by the early 18th century, the mills were run by William Hollins and Co. They were the first and one of the most successful cotton producers in the East Midlands.[14]

Mill 1 at Pleasley Vale, with the mill pond in the foreground

The Hollins family managed the mills for many years, but from the 1830s were joined by the Pagets, who introduced steam power to the mills. Fire destroyed the Upper Mill on 25 December 1840, but it was rebuilt by 1844. The Lower Mill also burnt down, and was replaced in 1847. Newer equipment fitted as part of the rebuilding enabled the mills to stay competitive. William Hollins lived at Pleasley Vale, and oversaw the expansion of the community, with the construction of more houses for the workers, the provision of public facilities including a school, wash house, and a cooperative society, and attention to leisure activities by the establishing of a Mechanics Institute, a library and a cricket club. A company farm was also established. St Chad's Chapel and the vicarage were commissioned by Charles Paget in 1876.[15] The Chapel was opened in 1881, but was reputedly built in 1861 at Stuffynwood, Derbyshire, and later moved to its present site. It has a small bell turret at its western end, and a number of its features mimic thirteenth and fourteenth century styles. Internally, there is a brass memorial to Paget and his wife Helen Elizabeth.[16]

From the 1890s, the mills produced Viyella, a mixture of cotton with Merino wool, which produces a soft fabric.[17] A third mill (now called Mill 2) was built between the upper and lower mills in 1913.[18] It was originally built as a combing shed, where the cotton fibres were straightened and aligned prior to the production of fabric, but became a mill in 1952 following the addition of a further two floors to the main building, and a three-storey extension on the side. The mills continued to flourish, employing 980 workers at the site in 1934. Transport of raw materials and finished product was provided by the Midland Railway, who opened their Tibshelf and Pleasley branch in 1883, primarily to serve Pleasley Colliery, which began production in 1878.[17] The branch connected with other lines at Mansfield Woodhouse in the east and Alfreton in the west. Sidings and a warehouse were built below the lower mill.[19] By 1938, the upper sidings had been built, which provided direct access to the Upper Mill and the combing shed.[20] The railway and its sidings had both been dismantled by 1967.[21]

The first workers houses were demolished in 1961, to be followed by the school, the baths and the Mechanics Institute. By 1987, production had moved abroad, and the mills closed.[22] Bolsover District Council sought to buy the mill buildings in 1992, using compulsory purchase powers. They were to be converted for use as offices and by light industry.[17] The Council obtained them for just £1.00, and secured over £1 million in funding for the first phase of restoration. The initial building tackled was the latest to be built, and Mill 2 provided 160,385 square feet (14,900 m2) of accommodation when it was completed in 1994. Phase 2 consisted of Mill 1 and the North Wing, which provided a further 130,000 square feet (12,000 m2) and was completed in 1997. Stage 3 was the refurbishment of Mill 3, which provided 408,646 square feet (37,964 m2) of space. By 1998, over £4 million had been spent of the work, and the mill buildings provided accommodation for 45 businesses employing 244 people.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pleasley Colliery site
  2. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (79307)". Images of England.  Church of St Michael, Pleasley
  3. ^ Philip Riden, ‘Sitwell, George (bap. 1601, d. 1667)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 2 March 2010
  4. ^ "About Pleasley Colliery". Friends of Pleasley Pit. Retrieved 2011-06-10. 
  5. ^ [1] BBC News Nottingham September 2011 Council homes to be sold for £1 to help ex-soldiers Retrieved 2013-12-21
  6. ^ [2] Houses2Homes Supporting veterans to transform empty houses into homes Retrieved 2013-12-23
  7. ^ [3] Pleasley-Bypass-Extension plans Retrieved 2014-02-08
  8. ^ [4] Nottinghamshire County Council, Local Transport Plan, non-Technical Summary, section 1.7.1 Retrieved 2014-02-08
  9. ^ [5] Mansfield District Council local plan section 5.8.5 Retrieved 2014-02-08
  10. ^ [6] Campaign for Better Transport, 29 July 2009 Road schemes abandoned as Government approves regional transport priorities Retrieved 2014-02-08
  11. ^ [7] Chad local newspaper. September 2004 "MANSFIELD mayor Tony Egginton has promised residents of Pleasley Hill that work on the area's new housing estate will begin within the next 18 months. The controversial proposals to flatten around 180 houses on Hillmoor Street, Clarence Street and Chesterfield Road North to make way for a brand new estate were outlined at a public meeting" Retrieved 2014-02-08
  12. ^ [8] Chad local newspaper. January 2014. Legal issues causing Pleasley Hill housing delay "Delays in a multi-million pound re-development of Pleasley Hill are being caused by legal issues, a leading councillor has confirmed." Retrieved 2014-02-08
  13. ^ Butler (1997), Section 1, 3
  14. ^ Mansfield (2009), p.11
  15. ^ Mansfield (2009), pp.12-13
  16. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (434655)". Images of England.  Church of St Chad, Pleasley
  17. ^ a b c Mansfield (2009), pp.13-16
  18. ^ a b Interpretation panel, Reception area, Mill 1. Bolsover District Council
  19. ^ Ordnance Survey, 1:2500 map, 1899
  20. ^ Ordnance Survey, 1:2500 map, 1938
  21. ^ Ordnance Survey, 1:2500 map, 1967
  22. ^ [9] 'Our Mansfield and Area' website administered by Mansfield District Council Museum ANNALS OF MANSFIELD - 'Timeline' "1987, 3 July. William Hollins mills at Pleasley Vale closed after a working life of 200 years" Retrieved 2013-12-31

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]