Plectoceras

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Plectoceras
Temporal range: Mid to Late Ordovician
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Nautiloidea
Order: Tarphycerida
Suborder: Barrandeocerina
Family: Plectoceratidae
Genus: Plectoceras
Hyatt,1884

Plectoceras is a nautiloid genus included in the tarphycerid suborder Barrandeocerina that lived during the Middle and Late Ordovician. It has been found widespread in the Middle and Upper Ordovician of North America.

Plectoceras has a coiled, costate shell with a perforate (see-through) umblilcus; whorls are dorsally impressed by end of first volution but loosen in the adult stage with the mature body chamber diverging from the adjacent whorl. Costae (ribs) slope dorso-ventrally toward the apex and sutures are straight or have lateral lobes. The siphuncle is subventral, orthochoantic with short, straight necks and thin connecting rings.

Plectoceras and its contemporary Barrandeoceras are both likely derived from the Tarphyceratidae; Plectoceras with its subventral siphuncle possibly from Campbelloceras, Barrandeoceras with its subcentral siphuncle possibly from Centrotarphyceras.

References[edit]

  • Rousseau H. Flower, 1984. Bodeiceras; a New Mohawkian Oxycone, with Revision of the Older Barrandeocerida and Discussion of the Status of the Order. Journal of Paleontology v. 58, no.6, pp 1372–1379, Nov. 1984.
  • Walter C Sweet, 1964 Nautiloidea-Barrandeocerida; Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology Part K Mollusca 3. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.