Plesetsk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Plesetsk (English)
Плесецк (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Plesetsk.JPG
The corner of Partizanskaya and Lenina Streets; to the right is the Administration building
Map of Russia - Arkhangelsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Arkhangelsk Oblast in Russia
Plesetsk is located in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Plesetsk
Plesetsk
Location of Plesetsk in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Coordinates: 62°42′32″N 40°17′38″E / 62.70889°N 40.29389°E / 62.70889; 40.29389Coordinates: 62°42′32″N 40°17′38″E / 62.70889°N 40.29389°E / 62.70889; 40.29389
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Arkhangelsk Oblast
Administrative district Plesetsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2011)
Municipal district Plesetsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Plesetskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Plesetsky Municipal District, Plesetskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 11,037 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Postal code(s)[5] 164260
Plesetsk on WikiCommons
A youth team in the Bandy Championship of Arkhangelsk Oblast

Plesetsk (Russian: Плесе́цк) is an urban locality (a work settlement and the administrative center of Plesetsky District, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia, situated about 800 kilometers (500 mi) northeast of Moscow and 180 kilometers (110 mi) south of Arkhangelsk. Municipally, it is the administrative center of Plesetskoye Urban Settlement, one of eight urban settlements in the district. Population: 11,037 (2010 Census);[3] 11,300 (2002 Census);[6] 14,027 (1989 Census).[7]

The vast Plesetsk Cosmodrome territory is located nearby and is administered from the town of Mirny which is 9 kilometers (5.6 mi) away from Plesetsk. The territory also includes the Plestsy Airport.

Etymology[edit]

The name is derived from the word "плёс" (plyos) which means "river reach". Plestsy is the name for a small lake which Plesetsk adjoins.[8]

History[edit]

The area was originally populated by the Finno-Ugric peoples and then colonized by the Novgorod Republic. It belonged at the trading routes connecting central and northern Russia: first, from Moscow to the White Sea along the Onega River, and then, after 1765, along the newly built road between Saint-Petersburg and Arkhangelsk, which still exists and passes Kargopol and Plesetsk. However, the Plesetsk area until the 1890s was underpopulated since it was located at some distance from the main rivers of the region. From 1796, it belonged to Arkhangelsky Uyezd of Arkhangelsk Governorate.[8] In 1894—1897, Plesetskaya railway station was built during the construction of the railroad between Vologda and Arkhangelsk.[9] Eventually, the volost center was moved from the selo of Navolok to Plesetskaya.

During the Russian Civil War in 1918, battles were fought between the Red Army and the British troops in Plesetsk and around.

On July 15, 1929, the uyezds were abolished, the governorates merged into Northern Krai, and Plesetsky District was established among others. It became a part of Arkhangelsk Okrug of Northern Krai.[10] In 1930, the okrug was abolished, and the district became subordinate to the central administration of Northern Krai. In 1936, the krai itself was transformed into Northern Oblast. In 1937, Northern Oblast was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast, and Plesetsk remains the center of Plesetsky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast.

Divisions[edit]

Plesetsk is divided into:[clarification needed]

  • Tsentralny
  • Stary Plesetsk
  • Yuzhny Mirny
  • Severny Mirny
  • Kosmodrom

Economy[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Plesetsk is located on the road connecting Kargopol with one of the principal highways in Russia, M8 between Moscow and Arkhangelsk (the highways meet in the village of Brin-Navolok). This is the historic trading route which connected Kargopol with Arkhangelsk before the railroad was built, and long stretches of this road are still unpaved. The stretch between Kargopol and Plesetsk was paved in 2011.[11]

Plesetsk (Plesetskaya railway station) is located on the railway line between Moscow and Arkhangelsk (built in the south-north direction). From Plesetsk, a railway line to the west, connecting to Severoonezhsk, Undozero and Yangory is one of the biggest railways in Russia which does not belong to the Russian Railways. The owner of the railway is the State Department of Corrections. Plans to extend this line to Medvezhyegorsk have not been realized.

Plesetsk also serves as a transport hub to Plesetsk cosmodrome, located in the nearby town of Mirny. Plesetskaya railway station is a terminus to cosmodrome's railway system.

Health and utilities[edit]

The district hospital is located in Plesetsk.[12]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11 250 551 003», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11 250 551 003, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №258-внеоч.-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах территорий муниципальных образований в Архангельской области (текст в ред. от 15 февраля 2010 г.)», в ред. Областного закона №202-11-ОЗ от 24 октября 2014 г. «О преобразовании муниципальных образований "Ломоносовское" и "Холмогорское" Холмогорского муниципального района Архангельской области путём их объединения». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №38, 8 октября 2004 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #258-vneoch.-OZ of September 23, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Territories of the Municipal Formations in Arkhangelsk Oblast (text of rev. of February 15, 2010), as amended by the Oblast Law #202-11-OZ of October 24, 2014 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formations of Lomonosovskoye and Kholmogorskoye in Kholmogorsky Municipal District of Arkhangelsk Oblast by Merging Them. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Краткая историческая справка Плесецкого района (in Russian). МО "Плесецкий район". 2010. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  9. ^ Теребов, В.Н. Сооружение Вологодско-Архангельской линии (1894–1897) (in Russian). Kenozyorsky National Park. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
  10. ^ Постановление Президиума ВЦИК от 15 июля 1929 года о составе округов и районов Северного Края и их центрах (in Russian). consultant.ru. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  11. ^ Запущена "Дорога в космос" (in Russian). «Дорожное агентство «Архангельскавтодор». 22 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  12. ^ Здравоохранение (in Russian). МО "Плесецкий район". Retrieved 1 August 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №65-5-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Архангельской области», в ред. Областного закона №677-40-ОЗ от 5 июня 2013 г. «О внесении дополнений и изменений в отдельные Областные Законы в связи с изменением законодательства о градостроительной деятельности». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №43, 6 октября 2009 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #65-5-OZ of September 23, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Arkhangelsk Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #677-40-OZ of June 5, 2013 On Supplementing and Amending Various Oblast Laws Due to Changes in the Urban Development Legislation. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).

External links[edit]