Plesetsk Cosmodrome Site 16

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Site 16
Launch site Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Location 62°57′26″N 40°41′45″E / 62.95722°N 40.69583°E / 62.95722; 40.69583Coordinates: 62°57′26″N 40°41′45″E / 62.95722°N 40.69583°E / 62.95722; 40.69583
Short name Pu-16
Operator Russian Space Forces
Total launches 136
Launch pad(s) One
Launch history
Status Active
Launches 136
First launch 19 February 1981
Last launch 17 May 2012
Associated rockets R-7A Semyorka

Site 16, also known as SK-2, is a launch complex at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia. It consists of a single pad, Site 16/2, and has been used by R-7 derived rockets since 1960.

Site 16 was originally built for use by R-7A Semyorka missiles, however no launches were conducted from the complex whilst it was operational. After its retirement from service in 1966, it was cannibalised for parts which were needed to repair Site 31/6 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome following the explosion of a Soyuz-U rocket.

Work to rebuild the complex began in 1979, and was completed in 1981.[1] The first launch from Site 16 was conducted by a Molniya-M with an Oko satellite on 19 February 1981.

Site 16 has been used for Soyuz-U and Molniya-M launches, and is still in service as of 2010.


  1. ^ Wade, Mark. "Plesetsk". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-03-18.