Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia
It is caused by the bacterium Mycoplasma mycoides mycoides, and the symptoms are pneumonia and inflammation of the lung membranes. The incubation period is 20 to 123 days. It was particularly widespread in the United States in 1879, affecting herds from several states. The outbreak was so severe that it resulted in a trade embargo by the British government, blocking U.S. cattle exports to Britain and Canada. This prompted the United States to establish the Bureau of Animal Industry, set up in 1884 to eradicate the disease, which it succeeded in doing.
Louis Willems, a Belgian doctor, began pioneering work in the 1850s on animal inoculation against the disease.
- "Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia". The Merck Veterinary Manual. 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-14.