Plinth (hieroglyph)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aa15
Plinth
(shape)
in hieroglyphs

The Ancient Egyptian Plinth-(shaped) hieroglyph is Gardiner sign listed no. Aa15 for the shape of a plinth, side view.

The plinth hieroglyph is used in the Ancient Egyptian language hieroglyphs for the alphabetic consonant letter horizontalm.[1] The vertical m is the owl, Gardiner no G17.
G17

Plinth use as mortuary: "Justified"[edit]

Base of funerary cone of
Ty, vizier. (NOTE: 2nd smaller cone to lower left)

Many examples honoring Ancient Egyptians in later life, and commemorating them show the use of two hieroglyphs, often paired, vertical, or horizontal, the Plinth with the Spoon-or-Oar shape (hieroglyph);

Aa15
P8H
(opposites faced left right)

The meaning is often translated, justified, worthy, venerable, etc.

They are often paired together, but are also shown in temples and reliefs, each in the two different axes, (one vertical, one horizontal).

The Egyptian hieroglyph alphabetic letters[edit]

The following two tables show the Egyptian uniliteral signs. (24 letters, but multiple use hieroglyphs)

a
G1
i
M17
y
M17 M17
'
D36
(w,u)
G43
B
b
P
p
F
f
M
G17
N
N35
R
D21
H1
h
H2
H
Kh1
Aa1
Kh2
F32
S
O34
(Sh)=Š
N37
Q/K2
N29
K
k
G
g
T
t
ChTj
V13
D
d
Dj
I10
L/(R)
(special)
(Ptolemaic,
etc.)
E23
-- -- -- -- --
a i
(ee)
y
ii
'
ah, (aïn)
w, (u)
(oo)
B
P F M N R H1
H2 (Kh)1 (Kh)2 S Sh
(Sh)
K
emphatic
K G T Tj
Ch
Tsh
D Dj
(additionally 4
for vert/horiz)
-- -- -- -- --
Aa15

M
(horiz)
M2-Plinth
S3

N
(vert)
(see:
N (red crown))
S29

S
(vert)
S (folded)
cloth)
Egyptian-M.png
M
(3rd-M
-2nd-vert)
M3-Baker's tool
(vertical)
(additionally 3
for equivalents)
-- -- -- -- --
M17 M17 (2 reeds)

is—
Z4 (2 strokes)

y2-Two strokes
G43 (quail)

is—
Z7 (coil)

letter w, u
(see w2-Coil)
U33

T
(no. 2)
T2-Pestle

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Collier and Manley, 1998, How to Read Egyptian Hieroglyphs, F38, pair of ribs (?), p. 143.