Plough Lane

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Plough Lane
PloughLane.jpg
The South Stand, pictured in 2000
Location Wimbledon, London, England
Coordinates 51°25′42.5″N 0°11′22.8″W / 51.428472°N 0.189667°W / 51.428472; -0.189667Coordinates: 51°25′42.5″N 0°11′22.8″W / 51.428472°N 0.189667°W / 51.428472; -0.189667
Owner Merton Borough Council (1912–1959)
Wimbledon F.C. (1959–1984)
Sam Hammam (1984–1998)
Safeway (1998–2002)
Operator Wimbledon F.C. (1912–1998)
Crystal Palace F.C. (1991–1998)
Capacity 15,876
Surface Grass
Tenants
Wimbledon F.C. (1912–1991)
Wimbledon F.C. Reserves (1991–1998)
Crystal Palace F.C. Reserves (1991–1998)
Construction
Built 1912
Opened September 1912
Renovated 1957
Closed April 1998 (last football game)
2001 (Safeway supermarket)
Demolished 2002

Plough Lane was a football stadium in Wimbledon, south west London. For nearly eighty years it was the home ground of Wimbledon Football Club, from September 1912 until May 1991, when the club moved their first team home matches to Selhurst Park as part of a groundshare agreement with Crystal Palace. Both clubs' reserve teams then used Plough Lane as their home ground until 1998, when the site was sold to Safeway. Whilst site redevelopment plans were negotiated, the stadium remained derelict for several years until it was finally demolished in 2002. The site then became a private housing development known as Reynolds Gate, named after former Wimbledon player Eddie Reynolds, which was completed in 2008.

Plans to rebuild the stadium on the nearby site of the Wimbledon Greyhound track are currently under consideration by Merton Council.

History[edit]

As Wimbledon F.C.'s home ground[edit]

The leasehold on the disused swampland at the corner of Plough Lane and Haydons Road was purchased by Wimbledon Football Club in 1912.[1] The pitch was consequently fenced in and the playing surface improved, while a dressing room was built. A stand holding 500 spectators was erected,[1] and Wimbledon played their first match at the ground on 7 September 1912, a friendly match against Carshalton Athletic which was drawn 2–2.[2] Improvements continued to be made to the ground during the First World War, and Plough Lane soon became the pride of the club — in 1918, Vice-president A. Gill Knight boasted that the club had "the finest ground in the southern district".[1]

During the 1920s, crowds were regularly taken at between five and eight thousand.[3] The South Stand was added in 1923, purchased from Clapton Orient.[4] The terrace in front of the North Stand was improved during 1932–33,[5] and by the start of the Second World War the ground's capacity stood at 30,000.[6] The ground was even used as the site of an amateur international match, when England took on Wales on 19 January 1935.[6] However damage attained during the Second World War meant that extensive redevelopment was necessary after the club returned in 1944 — the South Stand had been bombed,[6] and the incomplete fencing meant the club couldn't even charge for admission. Half-time collections were taken to keep Wimbledon going.[7]

The South Stand was restored to its former glory in 1950, and 1950–51 saw the capacity back around the 25,000 mark.[8] Glass panels were fitted at each end of both stands two years later, at the cost of £90, 8s — a sum equivalent to £1,882 in 2009.[9][8] Floodlights were purchased in July 1954, and the North Stand was completely rebuilt before the 1957–58 season.[8] The ground's freehold was purchased from Merton Borough Council by chairman Sydney Black for £8,250 in November 1959, and then donated to the club.[8] Black announced at the same time that the floodlights purchased five years earlier would be erected on eight pylons the next year at the cost of £4,000.[8][10] Due to inflation, the price paid by Black for the stadium would have been equal to £143,097 in 2009[9] — this became significant as one of the conditions of the sale of the ground was the insertion of a pre-emption clause stating that if the site was ever to be used for any purpose other than sport, the Council would have the right to buy the ground back for the same price it had been paid, regardless of inflation.[8] As the pound sterling's value decreased over the years, this clause became a double-edged sword — it protected the club from asset strippers, but also meant that the stadium's value could never grow above the £8,250 that Black had paid in 1959.[8][11]

The first match under the new floodlights took place on 3 October 1960, in a London Charity Cup match against Arsenal. Arsenal beat Wimbledon 4–1.[10] The ground remained largely unchanged until the club's election to the Football League, though during 1971–72 an attempt was made to start a market on the club's grounds to raise funds. The High Court ruled that this plan contravened a statute decreed by Charles I in 1628 forbidding any market within seven miles of Kingston's — the court reckoned the distance between Kingston market and Plough Lane to be five and a half miles, so no market was built.[12] Despite election to the Football League in 1977 and subsequent success,[13] the club was still plagued by financial trouble.[14] To try and ease the strain on the club, in April 1983 Wimbledon bought out the preemption clause inserted back in 1959 for £100,000. A year later, they sold the ground to Sam Hammam for £3 million.[11][14]

Following the publication of the Taylor Report in 1990, which introduced new safety measures for stadia including the regulation that they be all-seater,[15] the board of the club decided that Plough Lane could not be economically redeveloped to meet the new standards.[16] The work required to modernise Plough Lane would have been difficult and expensive, but not impossible as the board claimed.[11] A supposedly temporary groundshare with Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park was announced the same year, to begin for the start of 1991–92.[11] Wimbledon's final first team match at Plough Lane came on 4 May 1991, ironically against new landlords Crystal Palace. 10,002 spectators saw Crystal Palace beat Wimbledon 3–0, before swarming onto the pitch to bid farewell to the ground.

Plans to build a new 20,000-seat stadium in the London Borough of Merton had been approved by the local council in 1988, but the stadium was never built and a public park was later erected on its planned site.[17]

After Wimbledon F.C.[edit]

Plough Lane continued to be used by both Wimbledon and Crystal Palace as the home ground for their reserve teams' home matches until 1998,[18] when Sam Hammam sold the ground to Safeway. Safeway sought to build a supermarket on the site for four years but, after local residents' opposition and local authority objections to their plans, gave up in 2002. They demolished the stadium during the summer and subsequently sold the vacant site to David Wilson Homes in November 2002.[19] Planning permission was granted to the developer in October 2005 to build 570 flats,[20] and the development was completed in 2008.[21] Following lobbying by Wimbledon supporters, the development agreed to adopt a Wimbledon Football Club theme, with the entire site named "Reynolds Gate" after former player Eddie Reynolds. The six individual blocks that comprise the development were also named after former players, managers and a chairman: Bassett House, Batsford House, Cork House, Lawrie House, Reed House and Stannard House.[22]

New Plough Lane[edit]

AFC Wimbledon, a Phoenix Club of Wimbledon FC, has always stated as one of its aims to return to the "spiritual home" of Wimbledon, Plough Lane. This aim is the basis of a project to create a new purpose-build stadium within the vicinity of the old stadium, or on the site of the Wimbledon Greyhound Track, located next door to the old Plough Lane Stadium. Plans to develop the greyhound site as either a multi-purpose stadium or as a football stadium have been publicised frequently by the club and the media since establishment but until 2013 no official steps towards acquiring the site had been taken. AFC Wimbledon announced that discussions with Merton Council over a joint bid for the greyhound stadium and surrounding land, in cooperation with Galliard Homes, including outline plans for a new community-focused football stadium to be developed on the site, as part of the councils "call-for-sites" scheme.[23] The site would also include 600 residential units and a wide range of shops and community facilities. A similar rival development is also planned by the greyhound stadium to expand on the site and the pros and cons of each submitted plan for the site will be weighed up by the council who will choose which development to back, announced in March 2014. If the plans are approved, AFCW predict that it could be 2016 before construction even begins.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hambly, Dave. "1910 to 1919". Historical Dons. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  2. ^ Hambly, Dave. "Season 1912 to 1913". Historical Dons. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  3. ^ Hambly, Dave. "1920 to 1929". Historical Dons. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  4. ^ Hambly, Dave. "1960 to 1969 pictures". Historical Dons. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  5. ^ Hambly, Dave. "1930 to 1939". Historical Dons. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  6. ^ a b c "This is Wimbledon". Amateur Sport: 2. 1948-12-18. 
  7. ^ Hambly, Dave. "1940 to 1949". Historical Dons. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Hambly, Dave. "1950 to 1959". Historical Dons. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  9. ^ a b UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  10. ^ a b Hambly, Dave. "1960 to 1969". Historical Dons. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Report of the Independent Commission on Wimbledon F.C.'s wish to relocate to Milton Keynes". Wimbledon Independent Supporters Association. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  12. ^ Hambly, Dave. "1970 to 1979". Historical Dons. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  13. ^ Rundle, Richard. "Football Club History Database – Wimbledon". Football Club History Database. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  14. ^ a b Hambly, Dave. "1980 to 1989". Historical Dons. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  15. ^ "A hard lesson to learn". BBC. 1999-04-15. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 
  16. ^ "Financing a New Stadium". Wimbledon F.C. 2003. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  17. ^ Warren, Dan (6 April 2004). "Dons' darkest day". BBC News. 
  18. ^ Shaw, Phil (1993-01-26). "Phil Shaw on the strange life of reserve team football". The Independent (London: Independent News and Media). Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  19. ^ "Plough Lane Sale Agreed". Wimbledon News. 2002-11-22. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  20. ^ "Plough Lane Update". Wimbledon Independent Supporters Association. 2005-10-28. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  21. ^ "Plough Lane, Wimbledon, SW19". King Sturge Residential. 2007-02-22. Retrieved 2009-06-05. [dead link]
  22. ^ "Naming Ceremony at Plough Lane". Wimbledon Independent Supporters Association. 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  23. ^ http://www.afcwimbledon.co.uk/news/article/stadium-announcement-1064509.aspx