Plum Run (Rock Creek)

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Plum Run (Rock Creek)
Bloody Run
River
1907 Taneytown Road.png
Plum Run generally flows west of both the Taneytown Road and Rock Creek.
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
Region Adams County
Township Cumberland
Valley
sections
(N-to-S)
Codori Farm
Trostle Farm
Valley of Death
Slaughter Pen
Elevation 387 ft (118 m) [1]
Source Field of Pickett's Charge
Battle
engagements
Hood's Assault
Sickles' retreat
Crawford's charge

Slaughter Pen
Wells' charge
USGS feature ID 1185250 [1]
Namesake "Plum Run line" of McGilvery's artillery [2]

Plum Run (Rock Run in 1821)[3] is a Pennsylvania stream flowing southward from the Gettysburg Battlefield between the Gettys-Black Divide on the east and on the west, the drainage divide for Pitzer Run, Biesecker Run, Willoughby Run, and Marsh Creek. The Plum Run Valley was the location of Battle of Gettysburg, Second Day, and Third Day military engagements, as well as the postbellum Crawford's Glen and Tipton Park. In 1972, the Slaughter Pen comfort station was temporarily closed after Youth Conservation Corps participants of Camp Eisenhower discovered fecal pollution in Plum Run.[1]

Plum Run course
Location Description Coordinates
headpoints triple pt (Stevens & Guinn Runs)[4]

N of Codori house & barn[5]

39°48′47″N 77°14′08″W / 39.813151°N 77.23556°W / 39.813151; -77.23556

39°48′42″N 77°14′25″W / 39.81178°N 77.24021°W / 39.81178; -77.24021

crossing (historical) Emmitsburg Rd[6]
perennial
flow
USGS map
Google Maps
38°48′33″N 77°14′18″W / 38.80919°N 77.23832°W / 38.80919; -77.23832[5]

39°48′30″N 77°14′20″W / 39.808219°N 77.238892°W / 39.808219; -77.238892[7]

bridge United States Avenue
crossing 39°48′05″N 77°14′28″W / 39.801295°N 77.241134°W / 39.801295; -77.241134
confluence run
culvert[8]:'08 Wheatfield Road
culvert Crawford Avenue 39°47′47″N 77°14′19″W / 39.796271°N 77.238661°W / 39.796271; -77.238661
confluence run from Weikert Hill
bridge Warren Avenue
bridge for Slaughter Pen pedestrians
site 1894-1917 trolley bridge 39°47′25″N 77°14′36″W / 39.790167°N 77.243446°W / 39.790167; -77.243446
confluence Rose Run
run confluence 39°47′21″N 77°14′43″W / 39.78926°N 77.245211°W / 39.78926; -77.245211
bridge along horse trail fording 39°47′18″N 77°14′44″W / 39.788244°N 77.245694°W / 39.788244; -77.245694
bridge Confederate Avenue (1937)[2]
confluence Heagy's Woods Run[9] [relative location tbd]
boundary National Park/Township
confluence run from Ridge Road[6]
bridge Knight Road
bridge US 15.svg US 15
bridge (private)
confluence run from north
confluence run from west
bridge PA-134.svg PA 134 39°45′54″N 77°13′55″W / 39.765039°N 77.231998°W / 39.765039; -77.231998 (Plum Run bridge)
mouth Rock Creek (Monocacy River) 39°45′32″N 77°13′37″W / 39.758969°N 77.226806°W / 39.758969; -77.226806 (mouth of Plum Run)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Plum Run (1184118) NOTE: The USGS coordinates for the Plum Run source (39°47′52″N 77°14′59″W / 39.79778°N 77.24972°W / 39.79778; -77.24972) are inaccurately near the Rose Farm.
  2. ^ Hunt, General Henry J. The Second Day at Gettysburg (Civil War Reference webpage). Retrieved 2011-06-07. "Bigelow's 9th Massachusetts made a stand close by the Trostle house in the corner of the field through which he had retired fighting with prolonges fixed. Although already much cut up, he was directed by McGilvery to hold that point at all hazards until a line of artillery could be formed in front of the wood beyond Plum Run; that is, on what we have called the "Plum Run line." … the 21st Mississippi crossed the run from the neighborhood of the Trostle house, and drove out the men of Watson's battery ("I," 5th United States), on the extreme left of McGilvery's line" 
  3. ^ W. Wagner (1821). Map of York & Adams Counties (Map). Cartography by D. Small. http://www.google.com/#sclient=psy&hl=en&site=&source=hp&q=%22D.+Small%22+%22W.+Wagner%22+1821. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
  4. ^ "Funding goal marks start of Gettysburg restoration" (Google News Archive). Reading Eagle. June 6, 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-28. 
  5. ^ a b "The National Map" (NHD Viewer). National Hydrography Dataset. NationalMap.gov (USGS). Retrieved 2011-07-21. 
  6. ^ a b Blueprint 825 (Map). 1904. (shows "Lower Wheatfield Road")
  7. ^ (Google Maps) [satellite view] (Map). http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&q=Codori+Farm,+Gettysburg,+PA&aq=&sll=40.02953,-77.29015&sspn=0.03917,0.104284&ie=UTF8&hq=Codori+Farm,&hnear=Gettysburg,+Adams,+Pennsylvania&ll=39.808219,-77.238892&spn=0.001228,0.003259&t=h&z=19. Retrieved tbd.
  8. ^ Gettysburg National Military Park Commission. "An Introduction to the Annual Reports of the Gettysburg National Military Park Commission to the Secretary of War". The Gettysburg Commission Reports. Gettysburg, PA: War Department.  "On September 9, 1907, a contract was made with M. & T. E. Farrell to grade and pike a portion of three additional public roads connecting avenues, viz: The Harrisburg road from the borough line of Gettysburg to Rock Creek bridge, 2,872 feet, 18 feet wide; the Emmitsburg road from the borough line to the peach orchard, 8,263 feet, 18 feet wide, and the Wheatfield road from Sedgwick avenue to Sickles avenue, 3,400 feet, 18 feet wide. This contract includes the draining and one large culvert over Plum Run."
  9. ^ Perles, S. J., G. S. Podniesinski, W. A. Millinor, and L. A. Sneddon. (September 2006). Vegetation Classification and Mapping at GettysburgNational Military Park and Eisenhower National HistoricSite (Report). National Park Service Northeast Region. p. 25. http://www.nps.gov/nero/science/FINAL/GETT-EISE_vegmap/pdf1.pdf. Retrieved 2011-10-28. "In the southcentral portion of Gettysburg National MilitaryPark, Heagy’s Woods Run joins Plum Run,"