Plumelec

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Plumelec
Pluveleg
The Church of Saint-Maurice, in Plumelec
The Church of Saint-Maurice, in Plumelec
Coat of arms of Plumelec
Coat of arms
Plumelec is located in France
Plumelec
Plumelec
Coordinates: 47°50′19″N 2°38′22″W / 47.8386°N 2.6394°W / 47.8386; -2.6394Coordinates: 47°50′19″N 2°38′22″W / 47.8386°N 2.6394°W / 47.8386; -2.6394
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Morbihan
Arrondissement Pontivy
Canton Saint-Jean-Brévelay
Intercommunality Saint-Jean-Brévelay Communauté
Government
 • Mayor (2014—2020) Stéphane Hamon
Area1 58.36 km2 (22.53 sq mi)
Population (1999)2 2,337
 • Density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 56172 / 56420
Elevation 27–165 m (89–541 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Plumelec (French pronunciation: ​[plymlɛk], Breton: Pluveleg) is a commune in the Morbihan department of the Brittany region, in north-western France.

The name of its people is Méléciens.

Geography[edit]

Plumelec is 95 kilometres (59 mi) west of Rennes via the RN24 road,[citation needed] and 132 kilometres (82 mi) north-west of Nantes via the RN165 road.[citation needed] The commune is situated on the Brittany peninsula and is approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the southern coast.[citation needed]

Toponymy[edit]

The Plumelec placename is composed of plou (parish) and Melec, patron of Plumelec (possibly Mellitus or Mellit via worship imported from the British Isles).[1]

History[edit]

During World War II, on the night of 5-6 June 1944, the SAS Captain Marienne (9 Free French), responsible for the preparation of Operation Dingson, was accidentally parachuted near Plumelec, 800 metres (2,600 ft) from the Grée la Mill, where there was a German observation post. During the skirmish that ensued, corporal Émile Bouétard (fr) was killed: He was the first death of Operation Overlord.

On 12 July 1944 at dawn, 18 resistance fighters were murdered by French collaborators at Kerihuel: Seven paratroopers, eight rebels and three farmers (including Messrs. Alexandre and Rémi Riaan, father and son, 46 and 18 years old, and Mr. Ferdinand-Mathurin Danet, 49 years and Henri Denoual). Captain Pierre Sagar, nicknamed the "lion" of Saint Marcel after the battle of 18 June, was one of the victims. Three weeks later, on Sunday 6 August, was the Liberation, American tanks travelled through in the direction of Vannes and Lorient.

In all, there were 42 men from Plumelec and one woman (Ms. Armande Morizur, 35 years), engaged in the Resistance, who gave their lives for the Liberation.[2]

The last survivors of the massacre of Kerihuel have since died, Ms. Angèle Guillaume (née Riaan), died on 2 November 2011, at the age of 81. Roger Danet, son of Ferdinand-Mathurin, died in January 2013 and his brother Augustin Danet, aged 8 years old at the time of the event, passed away in February 2014.

Politics and administration[edit]

List of mayors[edit]

List of mayors of Plumelec
Start End Name Party Other details
March 2001 March 2014 Léon Guyot DVD Butcher
March 2014 In progress Stéphane Hamon DVG Owner of a bar-restaurant in the commune

Political trends and results[edit]

2008 municipal election[edit]

Name Votes Election Age in 2008 Job Municipal function
Marie Le Gal 1158 Elected 36 Visiting nurse
Sylvie Fradet 1043 Elected 39 Solicitor's clerk
Michel Guillaume 1014 Elected 53 Auxiliary nurse Assistant
Nathalie Loho 1005 Elected 41 Nurse
Pierrick Le Labourier 997 Elected 46 Poultry farmer Advisor
Gilbert Vicaud 985 Elected 59 Farmer Advisor
Edouard Étienne 980 Elected 44 Farmer
Armel Morvant 974 Elected 54 Farmer Advisor
Jeannine Gillet 963 Elected 35 Food worker
Jean-Jo Guyot 952 Elected 59 Technical educator Advisor
Sylvie Jaffré 945 Elected 36 Commercial Business Officer
Yvon Le Callonec 934 Elected 34 Commercial Manager Advisor
Sophie Le Callonnec 884 Elected 24 Caregiver
Stéphane Hamon 883 Elected 44 Trader
Robert Le Cam 865 Elected 61 Retired Assistant
Léon Guyot 862 Elected 68 Retired trader Mayor
Hubert Morice 839 Elected 56 Farmer Assistant
Henri Vicaud 831 Elected 62 Retired Advisor
Christine Gabillet 807 Elected 50 Night supervisor Advisor
Dominique Ollivier 759 Unelected 60 Veterinary
Joseph Rottier 341 Unelected ? Retired

Population and society[edit]

The inhabitants of Plumelec are called in French Méléciens.

Demography[edit]

In 2012, the commune had 2,732 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses carried out in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, real censuses of communes with less 10,000 population are held every five years, unlike other communes which have a sample survey each year.[note 1][note 2]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 2,551 —    
1800 2,513 −1.5%
1806 2,503 −0.4%
1821 2,507 +0.2%
1831 2,627 +4.8%
1836 2,663 +1.4%
1841 2,732 +2.6%
1846 3,092 +13.2%
1851 3,070 −0.7%
Year Pop. ±%
1856 2,988 −2.7%
1861 3,082 +3.1%
1866 3,184 +3.3%
1872 3,060 −3.9%
1876 3,101 +1.3%
1881 2,992 −3.5%
1886 3,068 +2.5%
1891 3,130 +2.0%
1896 3,043 −2.8%
Year Pop. ±%
1901 3,048 +0.2%
1906 2,998 −1.6%
1911 2,988 −0.3%
1921 2,787 −6.7%
1926 2,758 −1.0%
1931 2,732 −0.9%
1936 3,004 +10.0%
1946 2,953 −1.7%
1954 2,733 −7.5%
Year Pop. ±%
1962 2,529 −7.5%
1968 2,498 −1.2%
1975 2,410 −3.5%
1982 2,355 −2.3%
1990 2,337 −0.8%
2005 2,501 +7.0%
2006 2,531 +1.2%
2010 2,685 +6.1%
2012 2,732 +1.8%
From 1962 to 1999: Population without double counting; for the years following: municipal population.
Source: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1999[3] then INSEE from 2004[4]

Sport[edit]

Cycling[edit]

Many cycling races pass through or arrive by the Côte de Cadoudal (fr), which presents a mean slope of 6.2% at Plumelec and a vertical ascent of 43–154 metres (141–505 ft) over 1.8 kilometres (1.1 mi). This is why the most prestigious cycling races, such as the Tour de France and the French National Road Race Championships, retain Plumelec as a place of passage and arrival.

The commune is also the mainstay of the Grand Prix de Plumelec-Morbihan, a one day race held since 1974. This is an event which counts towards the French Road Cycling Cup, it has been classified as 1.1 in the UCI Europe Tour since 2005.

Tour de France[edit]

French Road Championship[edit]

French Road Cycling Cup[edit]

Football[edit]

  • La Mélécienne de Plumelec (and Coeur de Lanvaux) can be found in the District 2 championship

Basketball[edit]

  • Plumelec Basket Club

Local culture and heritage[edit]

Places and monuments[edit]

The commune contains eight monuments listed in the inventory of historical monuments and two places listed in the general inventory of the cultural heritage (fr).[5]

Chateaus and manors[edit]

The town has several chateaus and manors:

  • The Château de Callac of the 17th century, situated in the Callac locality:
    • The facades and roofs of the main building, known as "aile des tours" [wing of the towers], as well as the grand lounge of the first floor with its painted ceiling have been classified since 10 March 1971. The facades and roofs of buildings surrounding the courtyard, including the common and the entrance gate, have been registered since 10 March 1971.[6][7]
    • The pleasure garden of the chateau, completed in 1886, is listed in the general inventory of cultural heritage.[8]
  • The Manor de La Saudraie, of the 16th century, situated at a place called La Saudraie, has been registered since 25 September 1928.[9]
  • The Manor of Kerangat (fr), 15th century: The pleasure garden of the domain, realised in 1886, is listed in the general inventory of cultural heritage.[10]
  • The Manor of Cadoudal, 17th century, has been registered since 29 March 1935. The manor is surrounded by a wall with battlements and without moat. It bears the name of Georges Cadoudal, leader of the Chouannerie who was born 1 January 1771.[11]
  • The Manor of Penclen.

Churches[edit]

On the territory of the commune, there are three churches:

  • The Saint Maurice Church (fr), located in the hamlet of Saint-Aubin, dating to 1513, has been registered since 9 June 1925. This church is interesting for the decorated pits of the rectangular choir, and the size of it, larger than the rest of the church.[12] This church contains a stained glass window representing the Trinity, dated from the 16th century and classified since 8 May 1978.[13]
  • The Church of the Sacred Heart of the 19th century.
  • The Church of our Lady of the 19th century. This church contains a chalice in silver, dated to the 17th century and classified since 1 July 1959.[14]

Of the ancient Church of Saint-Martin, built in the 15th century and demolished in 1890, the municipality maintains a statue representing the Virgin with the child, wooden painted and dated from the 17th century. This statue is filed since 25 March 1924.[15]

Chapels, crosses and calvaries[edit]

On the territory of the commune, the Chapel of Saint-Maudé was built in the 15th century, the Chapel of Tolcoetmeur in the 17th century, the Chapel of Notre-Dame-de-Lorette in the 17th century, the Chapels of Callac and Saint-Joseph in the 19th century; as well as several crosses and calvaries:

  • The Calvary of Callac (fr), of the 17th century, located at the central crossroads of the village, is registered since 29 March 1935. This cross is carved, one side Christ with Saint John and the Virgin Mary placed on fins, and the other side the Pietà.[16]
  • The Merhan Cross (fr) of the 17th century, located in the hamlet of Callac registered since 29 March 1935. This cross which was located in a field of the commune was moved and installed facing the church as that of the village. The cross is carved in its upper part, one on the side of Christ and on the other the Pietà.[17]
  • The Cross of the Cemetery of Saint-Aubin (fr) of the 16th century, located in the hamlet of Saint-Aubin, registered since 25 September 1928. This cross which was located in a field of the commune and was moved and installed facing the church as that of the village. The cross is gable carved, one side Christ and the other the Virgin with the crowned child.[18]
  • The Way of the Cross of Callac (fr), 1943.

Other monuments[edit]

The well of Touche-Berthelot of the 16th century, located at the way of the cross of Callac has been registered since 14 October 1963. The edge of this has the shape of an octagon with all the prominent angles cornered by pilasters. Four square tiles, placed diagonally to the coping, bear sculptures in high relief with heraldic subjects. They are topped with two crossed arches of wrought iron on which hangs the pulley.[19]

The fountains of Saint-Aubin and Saint-Melec are also present, as are the monument of Kerihuel (12 July 1944 Massacre) and the Cave of Callac (1948, Saint-Joseph).

Language[edit]

The commune was Breton-speaking until the 1850s (according to the dictionary of Ogée). Today, people mainly speak French and Gallo. In 1806, according to the survey conducted by Charles Coquebert de Montbret (fr), the commune was also noted as Breton-speaking.

Notable people[edit]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Plumelec
The arms of Plumelec are blazoned:

"Or to a staff of argent between two pales of azure each demi-potence chief, the first Dexter, the second Sinister, and darted on their sides spikes in courtesy, eight on each pale and two on each demi-potence, demi-potence Dexter charged of three argent rows in fess ermine tips and the sinister charged three suckers (fish) of argent laid in fess on the other."

Motto: "vive valeque".



See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the terms of census have been amended by Act No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, called "grassroots democracy law" on the democracy of proximity and in particular Title V "of census operations", in order, after a power transition period from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with populations greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is carried out annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is included at the end of the same period of five years. The first post-legal population from 1999, and fitting in the new system which came into force on 1 January 2009, is the census of 2006.
  2. ^ In the census table and the graph, by Wikipedia convention, the principle was retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 not to display the census populations in the table and graph corresponding to the year 2006, the first published legal population calculated according to the concepts defined in Decree No. 2003-485 of 5 June 2003, and the years corresponding to an exhaustive census survey for municipalities with less than 10,000 inhabitants, and the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc. For municipalities with more than 10,000, the latest legal population is published by INSEE for all municipalities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ de Galzain, Michel (1971). Les chapelles de los saints [The chapels of our saints] (in French). pp. 77–80. 
  2. ^ 1939-1945 : Rage, action, tourmente au pays de Lanvaux, un livre de M. Joseph Jégo, 1991
  3. ^ "Plumelec" [Plumelec] (in French). Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Plumelec 2005" [Plumelec] (in French). Retrieved 18 April 2015. , "56172-Plumelec 2006" [56172-Plumelec 2006] (in French). Retrieved 18 April 2015. , "56172-Plumelec 2010" [56172-Plumelec 2010] (in French). Retrieved 18 April 2015. , and "56172-Plumelec 2012" [56172-Plumelec 2012] (in French). Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "Architecture" [Architecture] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  8. ^ "Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel" [Inventory of cultural heritage] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  9. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  10. ^ "Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel" [Inventory of cultural heritage] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  11. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  12. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  13. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  14. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  15. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  16. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  17. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  18. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  19. ^ "Monuments historiques" [Historic Monuments] (in French). Retrieved 19 April 2015. 

External links[edit]