Plumeria obtusa

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Plumeria obtusa
Leaves I IMG 8331.jpg
Leaves in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Plumeria
Species: P. obtusa
Binomial name
Plumeria obtusa
L.
Synonyms[1]

Plumeria obtusa is a species of the genus Plumeria (Apocynaceae). It is native to West Indies including Bahamas; southern Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Florida.[2][3] but widely cultivated for its ornamental and fragrant flowers around the world, where suitably warm climate exists. It is reportedly naturalized in China.[4][5]

Description[edit]

The large shrub grows from 5-10m tall (c.12–25 ft)[4][6]

Distribution[edit]

Plumeria obtusa is native to the Greater Antilles, Florida, northern Central America and southern Mexico.[3] Cultivation is common in warmer parts of the world, including Southeast Asia.

Common Names[edit]

Uses[edit]

This plant is commonly used as an ornamental, grown for its flowers. In Cambodia the flowers are used to make necklaces and in offerings to the deities.[4] In traditional medicine used in that country, a decoction of the bark is given in varying doses as a purgative or as a remedy against oedemas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved January 30, 2014. 
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b "Plumeria obtusa". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  4. ^ a b c d Dy Phon Pauline, 2000, Plants Used In Cambodia, printed by Imprimierie Olympic, Phnom Penh
  5. ^ Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 154 钝叶鸡蛋花 dun ye ji dan hua Plumeria obtusa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 210. 1753.
  6. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.