Plungė

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For other uses, see Plunge (disambiguation).
Plungė
City
Plungė Manor
Plungė Manor
Flag of Plungė
Flag
Coat of arms of Plungė
Coat of arms
Plungė is located in Lithuania
Plungė
Plungė
Location of Plungė
Coordinates: 55°55′N 21°51′E / 55.917°N 21.850°E / 55.917; 21.850Coordinates: 55°55′N 21°51′E / 55.917°N 21.850°E / 55.917; 21.850
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Samogitia
County Telšiai County
Municipality Plungė district municipality
Eldership Plungė town eldership
Capital of Plungė district municipality
Plungė town eldership
Plungė rural eldership
First mentioned 1567
Granted city rights 1792
Population (2011)
 • Total 22,287
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.plunge.lt

Plungė (About this sound pronunciation , Samogitian: Plongė) is a city in Lithuania with 23,246 inhabitants. It has a crab stick factory which exports to many countries in Europe.

Before World War II, Plungė had a large Jewish population (see The Holocaust).

History[edit]

Plungė belfry
Sculpture of St. Florian

It is thought that the territory in which Plungė is situated was inhabited in 5th–1st centuries BC. After the Treaty of Melno country seats were started establishing in the forests of Samogitia. From the 14th century to the middle of the 16th century, Plungė was a part of Gandinga volost as an ordinary settlement. Later, the population of Plungė started to grow faster and surpassed the population of Gandinga. In 1567 Plungė was mentioned as a town.

On January 13, 1792, Plungė granted Magdeburg rights. From 1806 to 1873 Plungė belonged to Platon Zubov, and later – to Oginskiai, who built a palace here in 1879.

During the interwar period there was established gymnasium in 1925 and built railway branch-line in 1932. In 1933 current Catholic Church was consecrated. Since the private hospital was founded in 1939, maternity, surgical sections started their activities. Jewish community composed about 44% of inhabitants whereas about 55% of inhabitants were Lithuanians. According to that Jewish were active participants governing the city. However in events of 1941 almost all Jewish community was destroyed by Nazis.

During the years of the independence of Lithuania Plungė's economic was based on the factory of fibre flax and cotton Kučiskis – Pabedinskiai and also on the activities of Jewish businessmen and agricultural products made by Samogitian farmers.

After the World War II and soviet occupation, Plungė started to grow rapidly – if the city had 7,400 inhabitants in 1950, in 1990 it had already had 23,300 inhabitants. During the years of soviet occupation, Lithuanians became the majority of city's inhabitants. According to Government's Resolution of 1963, Plungė should have become regional centre with a strong industry. However these plans were ruined when it became obvious that the city doesn't have enough water resources although some high level companies representing various branches of industry were established in Plungė. Most of these companies however bankrupted after the Independence of Lithuania was announced.[1]

The coat of arms of Plungė was affirmed by the decree of the President on June 6, 1997.[2] In 2009 Plungė was elected Lithuanian Capital of Culture.[3] Nowadays Plungė is the sixteenth largest city of Lithuania having 22,287 inhabitants.

Origin of the Name[edit]

Origin of the name Plungė is not clear enough. The most persuasive theory is that the name of the city is issued from the name of river Paplunga which flowed through the city.[4]

Transport[edit]

Plungė Railway Station
Fountain at central square

Important highways are built near the city:

Plungė also has railway station. Trains going by the route VilniusKlaipėda and RadviliškisKlaipėda stop there.

Sports[edit]

Football club "FK Babrungas Plungė" plays in Lithuanian Football Federation's 2 League's Western Zone. Team plays in the Central Stadium of Plungė.

Basketball club "Olimpas Plungė" plays in National Basketball League. The team was established in 1989. In 1997, BC Olimpas played in the Lithuanian Basketball League finals, where they lost to BC Žalgiris Kaunas. Afterwards, the team didn't appear in national competitions until 2011. Olimpas Plungė started to play in Regional Basketball League and won gold medals in 2012 and qualified to National Basketball League. In 2012-2013 National Basketball League's regular season team finished 3rd amongst 18 teams, however it lost the Quarter-finals series 2-0 to BC Žalgiris Kaunas 2.[5] Team plays in "SS Žemaitijos Suvenyras" arena, which has a capacity of 200 people.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Plungė is twinned with:

Famous Residents[edit]

References[edit]