Plural district

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A plural district was a district in the United States House of Representatives that was represented by more than one member. States using this method elected multiple members from some of their geographically defined districts, either on a single ballot (block voting) or on separate concurrent ballots for each seat (conducting multiple plurality elections).

This method was used to give more populous counties additional representation without dividing them into multiple districts - voters were instead allowed to either vote in several elections or to vote for a slate of candidates. It was a system used mostly in Maryland, New York and Pennsylvania until prohibited by the 1842 Apportionment Bill and subsequent legislation.

Plural district usage[edit]

This is a table of every instance of the use of plural districts in the United States Congress

Congress State & Number of Representatives
(District numbers)
3rd MA-13 (#1,2,3,4)
4th PA-2 (#4)
5th PA-2 (#4)
6th PA-2 (#4)
7th PA-2 (#4)
8th MD-2 (#5), PA-8 (#1,2,3,4)
9th MD-2 (#5), NY-2 (#2,3), PA-8 (#1,2,3,4)
10th MD-2 (#5), NY-2 (#2,3), PA-8 (#1,2,3,4)
11th MD-2 (#5), NY-4 (#2,6), PA-8 (#1,2,3,4)
12th MD-2 (#5), NY-4 (#2,6), PA-8 (#1,2,3,4)
13th MD-2 (#5), NJ-6 (#1,2,3), NY-12 (#1,2,12,15,20,21), PA-14 (#1,2,3,5,6,10)
14th MD-2 (#5), NY-12 (#1,2,12,15,20,21), PA-14 (#1,2,3,5,6,10)
15th MD-2 (#5), NY-12 (#1,2,12,15,20,21), PA-14 (#1,2,3,5,6,10)
16th MD-2 (#5), NY-12 (#1,2,12,15,20,21), PA-14 (#1,2,3,5,6,10)
17th MD-2 (#5), NY-10 (#1,2,12,15,20), PA-14 (#1,2,3,5,6,10)
18th MD-2 (#5), NY-7 (#3,20,26), PA-14 (#4,7,8,9,11,16)
19th MD-2 (#5), NY-7 (#3,20,26), PA-14 (#4,7,8,9,11,16)
20th MD-2 (#5), NY-7 (#3,20,26), PA-14 (#4,7,8,9,11,16)
21st MD-2 (#5), NY-7 (#3,20,26), PA-14 (#4,7,8,9,11,16)
22nd MD-2 (#5), NY-7 (#3,20,26), PA-14 (#4,7,8,9,11,16)
23rd NY-12 (#3,8,17,22,23), PA-5 (#2,4)
24th MD-2 (#4), NY-12 (#3,8,17,22,23), PA-5 (#2,4)
25th MD-2 (#4), NY-12 (#3,8,17,22,23), PA-5 (#2,4)
26th MD-2 (#4), NY-12 (#3,8,17,22,23), PA-5 (#2,4)
27th MD-2 (#4), NY-12 (#3,8,17,22,23), PA-5 (#2,4)

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]