Pluto (manga)

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Pluto
Pluto manga vol 1.jpg
Cover of the first tankōbon volume, featuring Gesicht.
プルートウ
(Purūtō)
Genre Detective, Science fiction
Manga
Written by Naoki Urasawa
Osamu Tezuka (original creator)
Takashi Nagasaki (co-author)
Published by Shogakukan
English publisher
Demographic Seinen
Magazine Big Comic Original
Original run September 9, 2003April 5, 2009
Volumes 8
Portal icon Anime and Manga portal

Pluto (プルートウ Purūtō?) is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Naoki Urasawa. It was serialized in Shogakukan's Big Comic Original magazine from 2003 to 2009, with the chapters collected into eight tankōbon volumes. The series is based on Osamu Tezuka's Astro Boy, specifically "The Greatest Robot on Earth" (地上最大のロボット Chijō saidai no robotto?) story arc, and named after the arc's chief villain. Urasawa reinterprets the story as a suspenseful murder mystery starring Gesicht, a Europol robot detective trying to solve the case of a string of robot and human deaths. Takashi Nagasaki is credited as the series' co-author. Macoto Tezuka, Osamu Tezuka's son, supervised the series, and Tezuka Productions is listed as having given cooperation.

Pluto was awarded the ninth Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize, an Excellence Prize at the seventh Japan Media Arts Festival and the 2010 Seiun Award for Best Comic. In France, it won the Intergenerational Award at the Angoulême International Comics Festival and the Prix Asie-ACBD award at Japan Expo in 2011. The series was licensed and released in English in North America by Viz Media, under the name Pluto: Urasawa x Tezuka. By 2010, over 8.5 million volumes of the manga had been sold.

Plot[edit]

Pluto follows the European robot detective Gesicht in his attempts to solve the case of a string of robot and human deaths. The case becomes more puzzling when evidence suggests a robot is responsible for the murders, the first one in eight years.

Numerous references to other characters in Osamu Tezuka's Star System appear, such as Black Jack, Robita, as well as several Astro Boy characters who appear in chief supporting roles.

Characters[edit]

Most of these characters have already appeared in earlier versions of this story, formerly called Greatest Robot on Earth; however, more than a few are unique to Pluto.

Gesicht (ゲジヒト?, German for "face")
The main character of the story, he is a German robot inspector working for Europol. His body is made out of an alloy called "Zeronium", and he is capable of firing a devastating blast using the alloy as shell. He and his wife, Helena, both have a human appearance. He was prominent in earlier versions, but nowhere near as prominent as he is here.
Mont Blanc (モンブラン?)
A Swiss mountain robot that was killed at the beginning of the story. He fought in the 39th Central Asian War.
North No. 2 (ノース2号?)
A Scottish robot with six mechanical armed arms, formerly one of the most powerful fighting robots during the 39th Central Asian War. He prefers not to fight, choosing instead to work as the butler of a composer.
Brando (ブランド?)
A Turkish robot wrestler with a great devotion to his robot wife and his human children. He fought alongside Mont Blanc and Hercules in the 39th Central Asian War.
Hercules (ヘラクレス?)
A Greek gladiator robot with a high sense of honor and bravery, he and Brando have been rivals and friends since the 39th Central Asian War.
Epsilon (エプシロン?)
An Australian light-powered gentle and sensitive robot with a pacifist outlook. He runs an orphanage to take care of war orphans. Epsilon chose not to fight during the 39th Central Asian War.
Atom (アトム?)
A Japanese boy robot who was formerly the peace ambassador toward the end of the 39th Central Asian War.
Uran (ウラン?)
Atom's robot younger sister who can sense human, animal, and robot emotions.
Dr. Tenma (天馬博士?)
A genius robotics scientist who used to work for the Japanese Ministry of Science. He created Atom.
Dr. Ochanomizu (お茶の水博士?)
A Japanese robotics scientist and the creator of Uran, he looks after Atom.
Dr. Hoffman (ホフマン博士?)
The creator of Zeronium and Gesicht.
Dr. Abullah (アブラー博士?)
The head of the Persian Ministry of Science, he lost most of his body, and his family, in the 39th Central Asian War, with most of his body now being robotic replacements.
Dr. Roosevelt (Dr. ルーズベルト?)
A powerful sentient supercomputer, belonging to the United States of Thracia, whose only avatar to the outside world is a teddy bear
Adolf Haas
A German trader who is a member of the human supremacist group, KR, and suspects that Gesicht killed his brother
Pluto (プルートウ?)
An extremely powerful robot created by Dr. Abullah.
Wassily
A near catatonic child, a survivor of the conflict in 39th Central Asian War that's under the care of Epsilon.

Release[edit]

Naoki Urasawa began Pluto after over a year of negotiating to get the rights to adapt Osamu Tezuka's Astro Boy.[1] Written and illustrated by Urasawa, Pluto was serialized in Shogakukan's Big Comic Original magazine from 2003 to 2009.[2] The chapters were collected and published into eight tankōbon volumes, each of which had a deluxe edition that includes the color pages from the chapters' original magazine run released before the normal version; the first volume was published on September 30, 2004 and the last on June 19, 2009.[3][4] Takashi Nagasaki, who would later go on to work with Urasawa on Billy Bat and Master Keaton Remaster, is credited as the series' co-author.[2] Macoto Tezuka, Osamu Tezuka's son, supervised the series and Tezuka Productions is listed as having given cooperation.

It was licensed and released in English in North America by Viz Media, under the name Pluto: Urasawa x Tezuka.[5][6] They released all eight volumes, that include the color pages, between February 17, 2009 and April 6, 2010.[7][8] Pluto has also received domestic releases in other foreign countries, such as in Spain by Planeta DeAgostini, Germany by Carlsen Comics, South Korea by Seoul Munhwasa, Italy by Panini Comics, France by Kana and in Dutch by Glénat.

Volume list[edit]

No. Japanese release date Japanese ISBN English release date English ISBN
01 September 30, 2004[3] ISBN 978-4-09-187756-7 February 17, 2009[7] ISBN 978-1-42-151918-0
02 April 22, 2005[9] ISBN 978-4-09-187757-4 March 17, 2009[10] ISBN 978-1-42-151919-7
03 March 24, 2006[11] ISBN 978-4-09-180309-2 May 19, 2009[12] ISBN 978-1-42-151920-3
04 December 12, 2006[13] ISBN 978-4-09-181028-1 July 28, 2009[14] ISBN 978-1-42-151921-0
05 November 20, 2007[15] ISBN 978-4-09-181595-8 September 15, 2009[16] ISBN 978-1-42-152583-9
06 July 18, 2008[17] ISBN 978-4-09-182185-0 November 17, 2009[18] ISBN 978-1-42-152721-5
07 February 20, 2009[19] ISBN 978-4-09-182460-8 January 19, 2010[20] ISBN 978-1-42-153267-7
08 June 19, 2009[4] ISBN 978-4-09-182668-8 April 6, 2010[8] ISBN 978-1-42-153343-8

Film adaptation[edit]

Universal Pictures and Illumination Entertainment acquired the rights to Pluto in 2010 for a live-action/CGI film.[21]

Reception[edit]

Pluto has sold over 8.5 million volumes and has won and been nominated for numerous awards.[22] It was awarded the ninth Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize and an Excellence Prize at the seventh Japan Media Arts Festival, both in 2005.[23] Marking Urasawa's second and third time receiving those honors respectively. The series was given the Seiun Award for Best Comic in 2010.[24] In France, the manga won the Intergenerational Award at the Angoulême International Comics Festival and the Prix Asie-ACBD award at Japan Expo, both in 2011.[25]

The American Young Adult Library Services Association named the first three volumes of Pluto some of their Top Ten Graphic Novels for Teens of 2009,[26] likewise, the School Library Journal nominated the series as one of the Best Comics for Teens.[27] At the 2010 Eisner Awards, Viz's English edition was nominated for Best Limited Series or Story Arc and Best U.S. Edition of International Material - Asia, additionally, Urasawa was nominated for the Best Writer/Artist award for both Pluto and 20th Century Boys.[28] Viz's edition was also nominated for the Harvey Award in the Best American Edition of Foreign Material category.[29]

In her review, Deb Aoki of About.com claimed Pluto "will suck you in with its masterful storytelling, and will break your heart with its uncommon emotional depth." and gave the first volume a five out of five rating. She also stated that the series conjures up "thought-provoking questions about robots and what it means to be human."[30] Manga critic Jason Thompson pointed out the series' obvious allusions to the real-life Iraq War; the United States of Thracia (United States of America) invaded Persia (Iraq) after falsely claiming they had robots of mass destruction (weapons of mass destruction).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Naoki Urasawa, Editor Discuss Latest Work, Billy Bat". Anime News Network. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  2. ^ a b c "Jason Thompson's House of 1000 Manga - Pluto". Anime News Network. 2012-09-31. Retrieved 2014-01-04.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ a b "PLUTO 豪華版 / 1" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  4. ^ a b "PLUTO 豪華版 / 8" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  5. ^ "Viz Adds 20th Century Boys, Pluto Manga". Anime News Network. 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  6. ^ "Viz Media Previews Dramatic New Manga Titles Set for Release in 2009". Anime News Network. 2008-08-04. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  7. ^ a b "Pluto: Urasawa x Tezuka, Vol. 1". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  8. ^ a b "Pluto: Urasawa x Tezuka, Vol. 8". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  9. ^ "PLUTO 豪華版 / 2" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  10. ^ "Pluto: Urasawa x Tezuka, Vol. 2". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  11. ^ "PLUTO 豪華版 / 3" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  12. ^ "Pluto: Urasawa x Tezuka, Vol. 3". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  13. ^ "PLUTO 豪華版 / 4" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  14. ^ "Pluto: Urasawa x Tezuka, Vol. 4". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  15. ^ "PLUTO 豪華版 / 5" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  16. ^ "Pluto: Urasawa x Tezuka, Vol. 5". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  17. ^ "PLUTO 豪華版 / 6" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  18. ^ "Pluto: Urasawa x Tezuka, Vol. 6". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  19. ^ "PLUTO 豪華版 / 7" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  20. ^ "Pluto: Urasawa x Tezuka, Vol. 7". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  21. ^ "Universal, Illumination Get Film Rights for Urasawa's Pluto Manga". Anime News Network. 2010-10-20. Retrieved 2012-10-28. 
  22. ^ "人気マンガ「PLUTO」がハリウッドで実写化". Sponichi (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2010-10-13. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  23. ^ "Tezuka Award Winner Announced". Anime News Network. 2005-05-10. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  24. ^ "Guin Saga, Summer Wars, Pluto Win at Japan Sci-Fi Con". Anime News Network. 2010-08-07. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  25. ^ "Urasawa, Tezuka's Pluto Wins at France's Angoulême". Anime News Network. 2011-01-30. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  26. ^ "U.S. Librarians Honor Children of the Sea, Ōoku, Pluto". Anime News Network. 2010-01-20. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  27. ^ "School Library Journal Names Best Books in 2009". Anime News Network. 2009-12-08. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  28. ^ "Urasawa, Tatsumi, Taniguchi Nominated for 2010 Eisners". Anime News Network. 2010-04-08. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  29. ^ "Pluto, 20th Century Boys, Tezuka Nominated for Harveys". Anime News Network. 2010-07-12. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  30. ^ "Pluto: Urasawa x Tezuka Volume 1". About.com. Retrieved 2014-01-04. 

External links[edit]