Pluviôse

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Pluviôse (French pronunciation: ​[plyvjoz]; also Pluviose) was the fifth month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the Latin word pluviosus, which means rainy.

Pluviôse was the second month of the winter quarter (mois d'hiver). It started between 20 and 22 January. It ended between 18 and 20 February. It follows the Nivôse and precedes the Ventôse.

The new names for the calendar were suggested by Fabre d'Églantine on 24 October 1793. On 24 November the National Convention accepted the names with minor changes. It was decided to omit the circumflex (accent circonflexe) in the names of the winter months. So the month was named Pluviose instead of Pluviôse. Historiography still prefers the spelling Pluviôse.


3 Pluviôse III
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 13
1 Tuesday
20 January 1795
2 Wednesday
21 January 1795
3 Thursday
22 January 1795
4 Friday
23 January 1795
5 Saturday
24 January 1795
6 Sunday
25 January 1795
7 Monday
26 January 1795
8 Tuesday
27 January 1795
9 Wednesday
28 January 1795
10 Thursday
29 January 1795
décade 14
11 Friday
30 January 1795
12 Saturday
31 January 1795
13 Sunday
1 February 1795
14 Monday
2 February 1795
15 Tuesday
3 February 1795
16 Wednesday
4 February 1795
17 Thursday
5 February 1795
18 Friday
6 February 1795
19 Saturday
7 February 1795
20 Sunday
8 February 1795
décade 15
21 Monday
9 February 1795
22 Tuesday
10 February 1795
23 Wednesday
11 February 1795
24 Thursday
12 February 1795
25 Friday
13 February 1795
26 Saturday
14 February 1795
27 Sunday
15 February 1795
28 Monday
16 February 1795
29 Tuesday
17 February 1795
30 Wednesday
18 February 1795
10 h
9:19:38
Pluviôse
22:03:55
24 h


Day name table[edit]

Like all FRC months Pluviôse lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi).

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Lauréole (Spurge Laurel) 11. Ellébore (Hellebore) 21. Thlaspi (Pennycress)
Duodi 2. Mousse (Moss) 12. Brocoli (Broccoli) 22. Thimelé (Rose Daphne)
Tridi 3. Fragon (Butcher's Broom) 13. Laurier (Laurel) 23. Chiendent (Couchgrass)
Quartidi 4. Perce Neige (Snowdrop) 14. Avelinier (Cobnut) 24. Traînasse (Knotweed)
Quintidi 5. Taureau (Bull) 15. Vache (Cow) 25. Lièvre (Hare)
Sextidi 6. Laurier Thym (Bay Thyme) 16. Buis (Boxwood) 26. Guèdre (Dyer's Woad)
Septidi 7. Amadouvier (Tinder Fungus) 17. Lichen (Iceland Moss) 27. Noisetier (Hazelnut)
Octidi 8. Mézéréon (February Daphne) 18. If (Yew) 28. Cyclamen (Sowbread)
Nonidi 9. Peuplier (Poplar) 19. Pulmonaire (Lungwort) 29. Chélidoine (Celandine)
Decadi 10. Coignée (Hatchet) 20. Serpette (Pruning Knife) 30. Traineau (Sleigh)

Conversion table[edit]

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Pluviôse"
I. II. III. V. VI. VII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
January 1793 1794 1795 1797 1798 1799 February
IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
January 1796 1800 1801 1802 1803 1805 February
XII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
January 1804 February

External links[edit]