Plymouth Acclaim

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Plymouth Acclaim
Plymouth-acclaim.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Chrysler Corporation
Also called Dodge Spirit
Production 1989–1995
Assembly Newark, Delaware, USA (Newark Assembly)
Toluca, Mexico (Toluca Car Assembly)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform AA-body
Related Chrysler LeBaron
Chrysler Saratoga
Dodge Spirit
Powertrain
Engine 2.5 L K I4
2.5 L Turbo I4
3.0 L Mitsubishi 6G72 V6
Transmission 5-speed manual
3-speed A413 automatic
3-speed A670 automatic
4-speed A604 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1991-95: 103.5 in (2,629 mm)
1989-1990: 103.3 in (2,624 mm)
Length 181.2 in (4,602 mm)
Width 68.1 in (1,730 mm)
Height 1989-1990: 55.5 in (1,410 mm)
1991-95: 53.5 in (1,359 mm)
Curb weight 2,783 lb (1,262 kg) base
Chronology
Predecessor Plymouth Caravelle
Plymouth Reliant
Successor Plymouth Breeze

The Plymouth Acclaim is a mid-size sedan produced in the 1989 to 1995 model years. The Acclaim was Plymouth's updated replacement for the similarly sized E-body Caravelle.[1] Badge engineering was employed to give Dodge and Chrysler their own versions of the AA-body Acclaim: the Dodge Spirit, the Chrysler LeBaron sedan, and the export-market Chrysler Saratoga. It was replaced by the Plymouth Breeze in 1996.

Platform[edit]

The Acclaim was a version of the Chrysler Corporation's AA-body 4-door sedan, which was an evolutionary development of Chrysler's extended K-car platform. The Acclaim production ended on December 9th 1994 and the Cab-forward Plymouth Breeze was introduced as a replacement , the Acclaim was one of the last K-car derivatives produced by Chrysler.

Market positioning[edit]

The AA-body cars were badge-engineered triplets, as were most Chrysler products of this time. The Plymouth Acclaim differed from its siblings primarily in wheel choices, bodyside molding, and fascias where it sported its unique taillights and the corporate Plymouth eggcrate-grille. Like the K-body and E-body vehicles they replaced, the Plymouth Acclaim (and Dodge Spirit) were marketed as mainstream variants, while the Chrysler LeBaron filled the luxury position. Despite this, there was substantial overlap in trims and equipment between the three cars. For example, a fully loaded Acclaim was nearly identical to a base LeBaron in features and price.[2]

In addition to is entry-level base model, the Acclaim was initially available in mid-range LE and high-end LX trim. LE and LX models came equipped with features such including premium cloth seating, power windows/locks, premium sound systems, bodyside cladding, additional exterior brightwork, and on the latter 15-inch lace-spoke aluminum wheels.[3] In spite of this, nearly 85 percent of Acclaim sales accounted for the base model.[4] Unlike the Spirit, the Acclaim received no sport-oriented models.[5]

The Acclaim has also been characterized as the replacement for the smaller Reliant,[6][7][8] though the Sundance launched in 1987 is closer than the Acclaim in most dimensions to the Reliant.

Changes through the years[edit]

1989-1990 Plymouth Acclaim
1989-1992 Plymouth Acclaim LX
1993-1995 Plymouth Acclaim

For 1992, the Acclaim's three trim levels were consolidated into one base model.[4] At extra cost, it could be equipped with packages and stand-alone options previously included in LE and LX models. The Acclaim was mildly facelifted for 1993, with a new radiator grille and other minor trim detail changes including a new chrome Pentastar hood ornament. Starting in 1993, the Acclaim was offered with a "Gold Package". This included gold pinstripes, gold bodyside trim, and gold-accented alloy wheels accented with gold paint. There was also a dealer installed "Shelby package" that added an upgraded intake, exhaust manifolds, and fuel pump. Overall performance of the Shelby Acclaim was comparable to that of the 1993 Ford Mustang and Chevrolet Camaro. There were only 15 Shelby Acclaims said to be produced, and only 11 are still licensed in the United States. Identifying a Shelby Acclaim can be difficult as there is little physical difference in the Shelby and the Gold Package unless you looked under the hood.

A motorized shoulder belt was added to the front passenger seating position of US-market Acclaims in 1994, to comply with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208's requirement for passive restraints. These motorized belts did not comply with Canada's safety standards. As a result, Canadian-market Acclaims continued to use a manual passenger seatbelt, and 1994-1995 Acclaims could not be legally imported in either direction.[9] For 1995, its final year, the 2.5-liter engine got a slightly revised cylinder head and both the 4-speed A604 automatic transmission and anti-lock brakes were dropped. Otherwise, the Acclaim remained mostly unchanged throughout its 6-year run.

Trim levels[edit]

  • base • 1989-1995
  • LE • 1989-1992
  • LX • 1989-1992
Production Figures[3]
Year Units
1989 77,752
1990 110,330
1991 97,146
1992 77,105
1993 55,531
1994 40,294
1995 12,331
Total Production = 470,489

Engines[edit]

Plymouth Acclaim LE rear view

The Acclaim was available with several different engines. A 2.5 L (153 cu in) Chrysler inline-4 engine producing 100 hp (75 kW) with throttle-body fuel injection was standard equipment. A 3.0 L (183 cu in) Mitsubishi V6 producing 141 hp (105 kW) with multi-point fuel injection was standard on Acclaim LX, optional on the others. Also available on base and LE models from 1989 through 1992 was a turbocharged version of the 2.5-liter four-cylinder producing 150 hp (112 kW). In 1993, 1994 and 1995, a flexible-fuel Acclaim was offered, powered by a 107 hp (80 kW) multipoint fuel injected version of the 2.5-liter engine specially modified to run on fuel containing up to 85% methanol.

Transmissions[edit]

Several five-speed manual transmissions were available, depending on which engine was installed, but relatively few Acclaims were equipped with manual transmissions. The three-speed Torqueflite automatic was the most popular installation on Acclaims with TBI and MPFI 4-cylinder engines, and was also widely installed in conjunction with the V6 in 1993 through 1995. From 1989 to 1992, most V6 Acclaims came with the four-speed A604 electronically controlled automatic.

Discontinuation and replacement[edit]

Production ended on December 9, 1994 along with the Dodge Spirit and the Chrysler LeBaron after a short run of 1995 models was produced.[citation needed] Chrysler did not initially replace the Acclaim, but in 1996 released the Plymouth Breeze version of the JA platform.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chrysler Corporation Master Technician Service Conference book "New Model Service Highlights '89" p.4: "Spirit and Acclaim are the new midsize sedans, replacing 600 and Caravelle."
  2. ^ "Plymouth Acclaim Prices", retrieved on 2011–01–17.
  3. ^ a b Chrysler Corporation Factory Sales Brochure "1990 Plymouth Acclaim"
  4. ^ a b "How Plymouth Works: 1990, 1991, 1992 Plymouths" by the Auto Editors of Consumer Guide, retrieved on 2011–01–17.
  5. ^ a b "Plymouth Acclaim, Dodge Spirit, Chrysler LeBaron and Saratoga" Information courtesy of Chrysler, allpar, retrieved on 2011–01–17.
  6. ^ Fifty Years of American Automobiles, the editors of Consumer Guide, Beekman House 1989, p. 335
  7. ^ [Swern, Michael; Aaron Gold (September 26, 2006). "K-Chronology - Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries, year to year". Allpar, LLC. Retrieved June 6, 2007.  ]
  8. ^ Consumer Guide
  9. ^ "Registar of Imported Vehicles".

External links[edit]