Plymouth Deluxe

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Plymouth Deluxe / Special Deluxe
Chrysler, Dodge, Plymouth & DeSoto automobiles - NARA - 283638.jpg
A Special Deluxe in a showroom, 1946
Overview
Manufacturer Chrysler
Production 1946-1950
Body and chassis
Class Full-size
Body style 2-door sedan
4-door sedan
2-door club coupe
2-door convertible
4-door station wagon
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 1946-48: 217.8CID 3.6 L I6 (95 bhp)[1]
1949-50: 3.6 L I6 (97 bhp)[2]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1946-48: 117 in (2,972 mm)
1949-50 SWB: 111 in (2,819 mm)
1949-50 LWB: 118.5 in (3,010 mm)
Length 1946-48 station wagon: 195.625 in (4,969 mm)
1946-48 other styles: 196.75 in (4,997 mm)
1949 SWB: 185.5 in (4,712 mm)
1949 LWB: 191.5 in (4,864 mm)
1950 SWB: 186.5 in (4,737 mm)
1950 LWB: 192.5 in (4,890 mm)
Width 72.71 in (1,847 mm) [2]
Chronology
Predecessor 1940 Plymouth
Successor Plymouth Concord
Plymouth Cambridge
Plymouth Cranbrook

The Plymouth Deluxe was a full-size automobile, produced by the Plymouth division of Chrysler, from 1946-1950. It came in two trim levels, the Deluxe and the top-of-the-line Special Deluxe.[3] As the war in Europe wound down, the U.S. government slowly began allowing the automobile industry to return to the car-making business. It had been four years since any new cars had been built, and those cars still on the road were beginning to show their age. “The more you know about the new Plymouth… the more convinced you are that not all the beauty is on the surface. You cant see them all, but you can feel them in action.”[4]

Plymouth's new models for 1946 were once again offered in two series, the P15S Deluxe and P15C Special Deluxe.[5] Deluxe body styles included a four-door sedan, two-door sedan, club coupe, and business coupe. Special Deluxes added a convertible coupe and wood-body station wagon to the line-up. Waiting lists were common at dealerships. Those wanting a new car placed their name, and often a cash deposit, with the dealer. Customers hoped that as new cars became available, they would move up the list until it was their turn to take delivery. Car buyers with their name on every dealer's list in town were not uncommon; reports of money paid under the table were common, as were scalpers who would put their new car on the market at a price considerably higher than they had paid for it.[5]

The first post-war Plymouth, a P15S Deluxe, came off the line October 22, 1945. Special Deluxes would follow four days later. Bodies for the P15 Plymouths were virtually unchanged from 1942, with only minor trim differences.[3] “Engineering magic greets you right from the start. You don’t grope for a starter button or pedal. You don’t pull on a choke. You simply turn the ignition key- and the engine starts.”[6]

Plymouth literature claimed fifty improvements over the prewar cars; many were of little significance but were changes nonetheless. Mechanically there were few changes. The 217 ci engine stayed the same and was still rated at 95 hp, attained at 3600 rpm instead of 3400 rpm. An economy engine package using a smaller intake manifold and carburetor with 1 inch bore returned to the option list. Aluminum pistons replaced the cast iron ones that had been mandated during the war. Like many vendors, Carter couldn't supply enough of their model D6G 1 carburetors to meet Plymouth's production demands; Stromberg, which normally supplied Ford, provided its model 3-84 carburetor. Replacing the disposable oil filter was a new cleanable canister that contained a replacement cartridge.[3] “Outside and in, it’s a completely new Plymouth. Compare it feature for feature. Sit in it. Ride in it. Drive it. Then you’ll surely agree.”[6]

1948 Plymouth Special Deluxe Station Wagon 
1949 Plymouth Special Delux 
1950 Plymouth Deluxe coupe 
1950 Plymouth Deluxe coupe 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory Index: Plymouth/1946 Plymouth/album". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20. 
  2. ^ a b "Directory Index: Plymouth/1949 Plymouth/album". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20. 
  3. ^ a b c "Travel there and Back in a Plymouth". Chrysler Corporation. 
  4. ^ "Plymouth". Chrysler Corporation. 
  5. ^ a b Benjaminson, Jim (1994). Plymouth 1946-1959. Osceola, Wisconsin: Motor International. 
  6. ^ a b "Plymouth Builds Great Cars. True Yesterday. True Today". Chrysler Corporation. 
  • Gunnell, John (Editor): Standard Catalog of American Cars 1946-1975, Krause Publications Inc., Iola (2002), ISBN 0-87349-461-X

Byrne, Jared (writer): How to restore historical cars 1940-1950

External links[edit]