Plymouth Devonport (UK Parliament constituency)

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Plymouth, Devonport
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Plymouth, Devonport in Devon for the 2005 general election.
Outline map
Location of Devon within England.
County Devon
18322010
Number of members One
Replaced by Plymouth Moor View, Plymouth Sutton and Devonport
Created from Devon

Plymouth, Devonport was, from 1832 until 2010, a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It covered part of the city of Plymouth in South West England, including the former borough of Devonport.

History[edit]

The constituency was created as Devonport in 1832, and elected two members until 1918, when the number was reduced to one. Following the amalgamation of Devonport into Plymouth, the constituency was renamed as Plymouth, Devonport.

Devonport has had a number of prominent MPs, including Leslie Hore-Belisha, Michael Foot (who began his Commons career in the seat), and the former SDP leader David Owen (Who was its longest-served MP). One of its longest serving MPs was the Conservative Dame Joan Vickers, who held the seat from 1955 until her defeat at the General Election of February 1974.

Abolition[edit]

Following a review of parliamentary representation in Devon by the Boundary Commission for England, constituencies in Plymouth have been reorganised, with both Plymouth Devonport and Plymouth Sutton being replaced by new constituencies of Plymouth Sutton and Devonport and Plymouth Moor View.[1]

Boundaries[edit]

1950-1974: The County Borough of Plymouth wards of Drake, Ernesettle, Ford, Molesworth, Nelson, St Andrew, St Aubyn, St Budeaux, St Peter, and Stoke.

1974-1983: The County Borough of Plymouth wards of Ernesettle, Ford, St Andrew, St Aubyn, St Budeaux, St Peter, and Stoke.

1983-1997: The City of Plymouth wards of Budshead, Estover, Ham, Honicknowle, Keyham, St Budeaux, and Southway.

1997-2010: The City of Plymouth wards of Budshead, Eggbuckland, Estover, Ham, Honicknowle, Keyham, St Budeaux, and Southway.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1832–1918[edit]

Election First member[2] First party Second member[2] Second party
1832 Sir Edward Codrington Liberal Sir George Grey Liberal
1840 by-election Henry Tufnell Liberal
1847 Sir John Romilly Liberal
1852 Sir George Berkeley Conservative
1854 by-election Thomas Erskine Perry Liberal
1857 James Wilson Liberal
1859 by-election Sir Michael Seymour Liberal
1859 by-election Sir Arthur William Buller Liberal
1863 by-election William Ferrand Conservative
Jun 1865 by-election Thomas Brassey Liberal
Jul 1865 John Fleming Conservative
1866 by-election Lord Eliot Liberal Montague Chambers Liberal
1868 John Delaware Lewis Liberal
1874 Sir John Henry Puleston Conservative George Edward Price Conservative
1892 Edward John Chalmers Morton Liberal Hudson Kearley Liberal
1902 by-election John Lockie Conservative
1904 by-election John Williams Benn Liberal
1910 (January) Sir John Jackson Conservative Sir Clement Kinloch-Cooke Conservative
1918 reduced to one seat

MPs 1918–2010[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1918 Clement Kinloch-Cooke Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1923 Leslie Hore-Belisha Liberal
1931 National Liberal
1942 National Independent
1945 Michael Foot Labour
1955 Dame Joan Vickers National Liberal
1964 Conservative
Feb 1974 David Owen Labour
1981 Social Democrat
1988 Social Democrat (1988)
1990 Independent
1992 David Jamieson Labour
2005 Alison Seabeck Labour
2010 Constituency abolished: see Plymouth Moor View and Plymouth Sutton and Devonport

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Devonport by-election, 1902[3]

Electorate 8,946

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Lockie 3,785 50.2
Liberal Thomas Brassey 3,757 49.8
Turnout 84.3
Majority 0.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
Sir John Benn
Devonport by-election, 1904[4]

Electorate 14,379

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Benn 6,219 54.6 +4.8
Conservative Sir John Jackson 5,179 45.4 -4.8
Turnout 79.3 -5.0
Majority 9.2 9.6
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.8
Hudson Kearley
General Election January 1906[5]

Electorate 14,978

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hudson Kearley 6,923 29.1
Liberal John Benn 6,527 27.5
Conservative Sir John Jackson 5,239 22.0
Conservative F Holme-Summer 5,080 21.4
Turnout 81.4
Majority
Liberal hold Swing
Majority
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 31,687

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 13,240 62.2
Labour Frederick Bramley 4,115 19.3
Liberal Samuel Lithgow 3,930 18.5
Majority 9,125 42.9
Turnout 67.2
Unionist hold Swing
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922

Electorate 31,268

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Clement Kinloch-Cooke 10,459 42.3
Liberal Leslie Hore-Belisha 8,538 34.5
Labour Rej Barrington Bates 5,742 23.2
Majority 1,921 7.8
Turnout 79.1
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate 32,491

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Leslie Hore-Belisha 12,269 45.7 +11.2
Unionist Sir Clement Kinloch-Cooke 10,428 38.8 -3.5
Labour J Harris 4,158 15.5 -7.7
Majority 1,841 6.9
Turnout 82.7
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +7.3
General Election 1924

Electorate 33,159

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Leslie Hore-Belisha 11,115 39.7
Unionist Samuel Gluckstein 10,534 37.6
Labour George Wilfrid Holford Knight 6,350 22.7
Majority 581 2.1 -4.8
Turnout 84.4
Liberal hold Swing -2.4
General Election 1929

Electorate 40,499

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Leslie Hore-Belisha 15,233 45.7
Unionist Samuel Gluckstein 10,688 32.0
Labour Rev. Donald B Fraser 7,428 22.3
Majority 4,545 13.7
Turnout 82.3
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Plymouth Devonport

Electorate: 41,568

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Leslie Hore-Belisha 23,459 72.19
Labour P Reed 9,039 27.81
Majority 14,420 44.37
Turnout 78.18
Liberal National hold Swing
General Election 1935: Plymouth Devonport

Electorate: 42,355

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Leslie Hore-Belisha 20,852 68.13
Labour John Brown 9,756 31.87
Majority 11,096 36.25
Turnout 72.27
Liberal National hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Plymouth Devonport

Electorate: 34,845

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Michael Foot 13,395 54.06
National Independent Leslie Hore-Belisha 11,382 45.94
Majority 2,013 8.12
Turnout 71.11
Labour gain from National Independent Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Plymouth, Devonport
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Michael Foot 30,812 50.59
Liberal National Randolph Churchill 27,329 44.87
Liberal Alfred Charles Cann 2,766 4.54
Majority 3,483 5.72
Turnout 87.16
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Plymouth, Devonport
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Michael Foot 32,158 51.93
Liberal National Randolph Churchill 29,768 48.07
Majority 2,390 3.86
Turnout 85.28
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Plymouth, Devonport
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Joan Vickers 24,821 47.15
Labour Michael Foot 24,721 46.96
Liberal A Russell Mayne 3,100 5.89
Majority 100 0.19
Turnout 77.15
Liberal National gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1959: Plymouth, Devonport
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Joan Vickers 28,481 56.39
Labour Michael Foot 22,027 43.61
Majority 6,454 12.78
Turnout 78.63
Liberal National hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Plymouth, Devonport
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joan Vickers 24,241 54.04
Labour Rowland E Crabb 20,615 45.96
Majority 3,626 8.08
Turnout 73.58
Conservative gain from Liberal National Swing
General Election 1966: Plymouth, Devonport
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dame Joan Vickers 22,760 50.35
Labour Rowland E Crabb 22,441 49.65
Majority 319 0.71
Turnout 76.21
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Plymouth, Devonport
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dame Joan Vickers 21,843 51.62
Labour F Keith Taylor 20,471 48.38
Majority 1,372 3.24
Turnout 70.95
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Plymouth, Devonport[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Owen 15,819 42.2
Conservative Dame Joan Vickers 15,382 41.0
Liberal N E Westbrook 6,298 16.8
Majority 437 1.2
Turnout 75.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election October 1974: Plymouth, Devonport[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Owen 17,398 47.3 +5.1
Conservative Dame Joan Vickers 15,139 41.1 +0.1
Liberal N E Westbrook 3,953 10.7 -6.1
Independent Liberal J N Hill 312 0.9 N/A
Majority 2,259 6.1
Turnout 73.5 -1.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1979: Plymouth, Devonport[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Owen 16,545 47.4 +0.1
Conservative Kenneth William Hughes 15,544 44.6 +3.5
Liberal Michael James 2,360 6.8 −3.9
National Front Leonard Arthur Bearsford-Walker 243 0.7 N/A
Independent Richard Hilton Stoner 203 0.6 N/A
Majority 1,001 2.9
Turnout 34,895 72.3 −1.2
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Plymouth, Devonport[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Democratic David Owen 20,843 44.3
Conservative Ann Widdecombe 15,907 33.8
Labour Julian Priestley 9,845 21.0
Independent Conservative James Edward Sullivan 292 0.6
BNP Robert Edward David Bearsford-Walker 72 0.2
Christian Democrat Mrs Faith Hill 51 0.1
Majority 4,936 10.5
Turnout 47,010 76.1
Social Democratic gain from Labour Swing
  • This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1979 and 1983 general elections and thus calculation of change in vote share is not meaningful.
General Election 1987: Plymouth, Devonport[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Democratic David Owen 21,039 42.3 −2.0
Conservative Tom Frank Ryan Jones 14,569 29.3 −4.5
Labour Ian Flintoff 14,166 28.4 +7.4
Majority 6,470 13.0
Turnout 49,774 77.2
Social Democratic hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Plymouth, Devonport[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Jamieson 24,953 48.7 +20.3
Conservative Keith Simpson 17,541 34.3 +5.0
Liberal Democrat Murdoch MacTaggart 6,315 12.3 −30.0
Social Democratic Harold M. Luscombe 2,152 4.2 −38.1
Natural Law Francis A. Lyons 255 0.5 N/A
Majority 7,412 14.4 +1.4
Turnout 51,216 77.8 +0.6
Labour gain from Independent Swing +7.7
General Election 1997: Plymouth, Devonport[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Jamieson 31,629 60.9 +13.8
Conservative Anthony Johnson 12,562 24.2 −11.4
Liberal Democrat Richard Corpus 5,570 10.7 −2.5
Referendum Party Clive Norsworthy 1,486 2.9 N/A
UKIP Caroline Farrand 478 0.9 N/A
National Democrats Stephen Ebbs 238 0.4 N/A
Majority 19,067 36.7
Turnout 51,963 69.8
Labour hold Swing +12.6

This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2001: Plymouth, Devonport[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Jamieson 24,322 58.3 −2.6
Conservative John Glen 11,289 27.1 +2.9
Liberal Democrat Keith Baldry 4,513 10.8 +0.1
UKIP Michael Parker 958 2.3 +1.4
Socialist Alliance Tony Staunton 334 0.8 N/A
Socialist Labour Rob Hawkins 303 0.7 N/A
Majority 13,033 31.2
Turnout 41,719 56.6 −13.1
Labour hold Swing −2.7
General Election 2005: Plymouth, Devonport[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alison Seabeck 18,612 44.3 −14.0
Conservative Richard Cuming 10,509 25.0 −2.1
Liberal Democrat Judith Jolly 8,000 19.1 +8.3
UKIP Bill Wakeham 3,324 7.9 +5.6
Independent Keith Greene 747 1.8 N/A
Socialist Labour Rob Hawkins 445 1.1 +0.4
Respect Tony Staunton 376 0.9 N/A
Majority 8,101 19.3
Turnout 41,982 57.6 +1.0
Labour hold Swing −6.0

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Final recommendations for Parliamentary constituencies in the counties of Devon, Plymouth and Torbay". Boundary Commission for England. 24 November 2004. Retrieved 25 April 2010. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 by Craig
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 by Craig
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 by Craig
  6. ^ a b c Election results, 1974 – 1979
  7. ^ a b c Election results, 1983 – 1992
  8. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  9. ^ a b Election results, 1997 – 2001
  10. ^ Election result, 2005

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Coordinates: 50°25′N 4°08′W / 50.41°N 4.14°W / 50.41; -4.14