Plyussa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the settlement. For the river, see Plyussa River. For the truce, see Treaty of Plussa.
Plyussa (English)
Плюсса (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Work settlement[2]
32 pliussa voksal.jpg
Plyussa railway station, 2007
Map of Russia - Pskov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Pskov Oblast in Russia
Plyussa is located in Pskov Oblast
Plyussa
Plyussa
Location of Plyussa in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 58°25′44″N 29°21′36″E / 58.42889°N 29.36000°E / 58.42889; 29.36000Coordinates: 58°25′44″N 29°21′36″E / 58.42889°N 29.36000°E / 58.42889; 29.36000
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast
Administrative district Plyussky District[3]
Administrative center of Plyussky District[3]
Municipal status (as of February 2010)
Municipal district Plyussky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Plyussa Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Plyussky Municipal District, Plyussa Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 3,450 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
Urban-type settlement status since 1971[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 181000
Plyussa on WikiCommons

Plyussa (Russian: Плюсса) is an urban locality (a work settlement) and the administrative center of Plyussky District of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located 91 kilometers (57 mi) northeast of Pskov by the Plyussa River. Municipally, it is incorporated as Plyussa Urban Settlement, one of the two urban settlements in the district. Population: 3,450 (2010 Census);[4] 3,856 (2002 Census);[8] 4,317 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

The village of Plyussa was first mentioned in the end of the 16th century. The name is derived from the Plyussa River.[10] In the 19th century, it belonged to Luzhsky Uyezd of Saint Petersburg Governorate. Between 1851 and 1862, the railway connecting Saint Petersburg and Warsaw via Pskov was built and crossed Luzhsky Uyezd. This facilitated economic development of the eastern part of the current area of the district. The settlement of Plyussa was founded as a railway station in 1859, and later was merged with the village.[11] Until 1923, Plyussa was a part of Kotorskaya Volost, and in 1923, Plyusskaya Volost, with the administrative center in the selo of Lyushchik, was established.[12]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Plyussky District was established, with the center in Plyussa. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district belonged to Luga Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930 the okrugs were abolished as well, and the districts became directly subordinate to the oblast. On January 1, 1932 Plyussky District was abolished and split between Luzhsky, Lyadsky, and Strugo-Krasnensky Districts. On February 15, 1935 the district was re-established. Between August, 1941, and February, 1944 Plyussa was occupied by German troops. On August 23, 1944, Plyussky District was transferred to newly established Pskov Oblast.[13] In 1971, Plyussa was granted an urban-type settlement status.[6]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The economy of Plyussa is based on timber production.[14]

Transportation[edit]

Plyussa is a station on the railway connecting St. Petersburg and Pskov. It is also connected by a road with the M20 highway which connects St. Petersburg and Pskov. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Plyussa contains two cultural heritage monuments classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[15] Both are monuments to soldiers fallen during World War II.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 58 243 551 000», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 58 243 551 000, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b Манаков, А. Г. "Туристические маршруты в Плюсском районе" (in Russian). История Плюсского района. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  7. ^ "List of postal codes" (in Russian). Russian Post. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Плюсса" (in Russian). Географический словарь. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  11. ^ Кравченко, Кирилл Н. (August 22, 1998). "Страницы истории. Фрагменты прошлого" (in Russian). Плюсский край. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  12. ^ "Экспозиции музея" (in Russian). Региональный образовательный портал Псковской области. Retrieved May 18, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Плюсский район (авг. 1927 г. - янв.1933 г., февр. 1935 г. - авг. 1944 г.)" (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  14. ^ "О районе" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved May 15, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved May 17, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).