Plyussky District

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Plyussky District
Плюсский район (Russian)
Location of Plyussky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location of Plyussky District in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 58°26′N 29°22′E / 58.433°N 29.367°E / 58.433; 29.367Coordinates: 58°26′N 29°22′E / 58.433°N 29.367°E / 58.433; 29.367
Coat of Arms of Plyussa rayon (Pskov oblast).png
Flag of Plyussky rayon (Pskov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2011)
Administrative center work settlement of Plyussa[1]
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements 2
Rural localities 152
Municipal structure (as of April 2011)
Municipally incorporated as Plyussky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 2
Rural settlements 3
Statistics
Area 2,767 km2 (1,068 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 9,187 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 49.5%
- Rural 50.5%
Density 3.32/km2 (8.6/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Established August 1, 1927[7]
Official website
Plyussky District on WikiCommons

Plyussky District (Russian: Плю́сский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Slantsevsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the north, Luzhsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the northeast, Shimsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the east, Strugo-Krasnensky District in the south, and with Gdovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 2,767 square kilometers (1,068 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Plyussa.[2] Population: 9,187 (2010 Census);[4] 11,610 (2002 Census);[8] 13,988 (1989 Census).[9] The population of Plyussa accounts for 37.6% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

The district is elongated from northwest to southeast. The main river is the Plyussa, a right tributary of the Narva. The whole district lies in the basin of the Plyussa. The principal tributaries of the Plyussa within the district are the Lyuta, the Kureya, the Omuga, the Yanya, the Verduga, and the Paguba. Most significant lakes include Lakes Pesno, Chyornoye, Zaplyusskoye, Uzhovo, and Apalevo.

History[edit]

Until the 15th century, the area was a part of the Novgorod Republic. In the 12th century, the Antonov Monastery was founded and eventually grew to become a major landowner in the area.[10] After the fall of the republic, it was, together will all Novgorod lands, annexed by the Grand Duchy of Moscow. It was a part of Shelonskaya Pyatina, one of the five pyatinas into which Novgorod lands were divided.[11] In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, it was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). The current territory of the district was split between Gdovsky Uyezd (west) and Luzhsky Uyezd (east). Between 1851 and 1862, the railway connecting St. Petersburg and Warsaw via Pskov was built and crossed Luzhsky Uyezd. This facilitated economic development of what now is the eastern part of the district. The settlement of Plyussa was founded as a railway station. The western part did not have direct transport connections with big cities and remained underdeveloped.[11]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Plyussky District was established, with the administrative center in the settlement of Plyussa. It included parts of former Luzhsky Uyezd. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district became a part of Luga Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 1, 1932, Plyussky District was abolished and split between Luzhsky, Lyadsky, and Strugo-Krasnensky Districts. On February 15, 1935, the district was re-established. Between August 1941 and February 1944, Plyussky District was occupied by German troops. On August 23, 1944, Plyussky District was transferred to newly established Pskov Oblast.[7]

On August 1, 1927, Lyadsky District was established as well, with the administrative center in the selo of Lyady. It included parts of former Gdovsky and Luzhsky Uyezds. The district was a part of Luga Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. Between August 1941 and February 1944, Lyadsky District was occupied by German troops. On August 23, 1944, the district was transferred to Pskov Oblast.[12] On October 3, 1959, Lyadsky District was abolished and split between Plyussky and Gdovsky Districts.[13]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The industry of the district is based on timber and peat production.[3]

Agriculture[edit]

The main agricultural specializations in the district are cattle breeding (with milk and meat production) and potato growing. Additionally, the district specializes in eggs production and growing of crops, vegetables, and flax.[14]

Transportation[edit]

Plyussa railway station, 2012

A railway connecting St. Petersburg and Pskov crosses the district from north to south. Plyussa is the principal railway station within the district.

The M20 highway, which connects St. Petersburg and Pskov, crosses the eastern part of the district as well. Plyussa is connected by road with the highway. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains fifteen cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally fifty-nine objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[15] Seven of the federal monuments are archeological sites. The others are the Margarita Yamshchikova estate "Log" in the village of Lositsy,[16] ruins of the Vechashi estate in the village of Zapolye,[clarification needed] the Rimsky-Korsakov estate "Lyubensk" in the village of Kotorsk, and wooden St. Nicholas Church in the village of Zayanye.

Margarita Yamshchikova, an author using an alias of Al. Altayev, owned an estate in the village of Lositsy. The house is currently a museum.[17]

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, a notable composer, owned two estates currently within the limits of the district, and lived there in 1894–1905 and from 1907 until his death in 1908.[15]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b c О районе (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ a b Плюсский район (авг. 1927 г. - янв. 1933 г., февр. 1935 г. - авг. 1944 г.) (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ История района (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Кравченко, Кирилл Н. (August 22, 1998). Страницы истории. Фрагменты прошлого (in Russian). Плюсский край. Retrieved May 16, 2012. 
  12. ^ Лядский район (авг. 1927 г. - авг. 1944 г.) (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  13. ^ Федорова, В. Ляды, Лядский погост (in Russian). История Плюсского края. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  14. ^ Сельское хозяйство (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved May 15, 2012. 
  15. ^ a b Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved May 16, 2011. 
  16. ^ Литературно-мемориальный дом-музей Ал. Алтаева (М.В. Ямщиковой) (in Russian). Псковский государственный объединенный историко-архитектурный и художественный музей-заповедник. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  17. ^ Литературно-мемориальный дом-музей Ал. Алтаева (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).