From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Classification and external resources|
Depending upon the type of dust, the disease is given different names:
- Coalworker's pneumoconiosis (also known as miner's lung, black lung or anthracosis) - coal, carbon
- Asbestosis - asbestos
- Silicosis (also known as "grinder's disease" or Potter's rot) - silica
- Bauxite fibrosis - bauxite
- Berylliosis - beryllium
- Siderosis - iron
- Byssinosis - cotton
- Silicosiderosis - mixed dust containing silica and iron
- Labrador lung (found in miners in Labrador, Canada) - mixed dust containing iron, silica and anthophyllite, a type of asbestos
Positive indications on patient assessment:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest X-ray may show a characteristic patchy, subpleural, bibasilar interstitial infiltrates or small cystic radiolucencies called honeycombing.
Pneumoconiosis result in about 125,000 deaths a year as of 2010.
- In the classic British film Brief Encounter (1945), derived from a Noël Coward play, housewife Laura (Celia Johnson) and physician Alec (Trevor Howard) begin an affair. She is desperately mesmerized in a train station lounge by his evocation of his passion for pneumoconioses.
- In the 1995 British film Brassed Off, the band leader (Pete Postlethwaite) in a small coal-mining town is hospitalized with pneumoconiosis.
- A 2006 documentary film by Shane Roberts features interviews with miners suffering from the disease and footage shot inside the mine
- An episode of 1000 Ways to Die featured an incident where two kitchen workers succumb to pneumoconiosis from playing in cocoa powder.
- In the widely acclaimed Puzzle/Shooter game "Portal 2", former CEO and founder of Aperture Science Laboratories, Cave Johnson, purportedly contracted and died of lunar pneumoconiosis after prolonged exposure to the moon rocks he was using in teleportation technology research.
- In the 2001 film "Zoolander" the "black lung" is referenced to after the male model protagonist spends one day working in a coal mine.
- Coalworker's pneumoconiosis
- Black Lung Benefits Act of 1973
- Philip D'Arcy Hart
- Popcorn workers' lung disease - diacetyl emissions and airborne dust from butter flavorings used in microwave popcorn production
- Andreoli, Thomas, ed. CECIL Essentials of Medicine. Saunders: Pennsylvania, 2004. p. 737.
- Lozano, R (2012 Dec 15). "Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010.". Lancet 380 (9859): 2095–128. PMID 23245604.
- A Cochrane and M Blythe (1989) "One Man's Medicine, an autobiography of Professor Archie Cochrane". London, BMJ Books. (Paperback edition, 2009, by Cardiff University Publications (available from the Cochrane Library, Cardiff).
- NIOSH Safety and Health Topic: Pneumoconioses
- Black Lung Benefits Act - U.S. Department of Labor
- Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis - The Merck Manuals: Online Medical Library
- Black Lung - United Mine Workers of America
- Black Lung - U.S. Department of Labor Mine Safety and Health Administration
- A Conversation about Mining and Black Lung Disease
- Flavorings-Related Lung Disease
- The Institute of Occupational Medicine and its research into pneumocomiosis
- Pneumoconiosis in coalminers and exposure to dust of variable quartz content by BG Miller and AG Kinnear Institute of Occupational Medicine Research Report TM/88/17