Pneumopericardium

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Pneumopericardium
Pneumothorax hemothorax pneumomediastinum contusion.JPG
CT scan showing pneumopericardium with pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, hemothorax, and pulmonary contusion after severe chest trauma[1]
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 I31.9, P25.3, S26.8
ICD-9 770.2, 860.1
MeSH D011026

Pneumopericardium is a medical condition where air enters the pericardial cavity. This condition has been recognized in preterm neonates, in which it is associated with severe lung pathology, after vigorous resuscitation, or in the presence of assisted ventilation.[2] This is a serious complication, which if untreated may lead to cardiac tamponade and death. Pneumomediastiunum, which is the presence of air in the mediastinum, may mimic and also coexist with pneumopericardium.

It can be congenital, or introduced by a wound.[3]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Konijn AJ, Egbers PH, Kuiper MA (2008). "Pneumopericardium should be considered with electrocardiogram changes after blunt chest trauma: a case report". J Med Case Reports 2 (1): 100. doi:10.1186/1752-1947-2-100. PMC 2323010. PMID 18394149. 
  2. ^ Sanaei-Zadeh H, Aghakhani K (2006). "Neonatal pneumopericardium". J Perinat Med 34: 89. doi:10.1515/JPM.2006.015. PMID 16489892. 
  3. ^ Parikh, D.H.; Crabbe, David; Auldist, Alex; Steven Rothenberg (26 March 2009). Pediatric Thoracic Surgery. Springer. p. 418. ISBN 978-1-84800-903-5. 

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