Požarevac

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Požarevac
Пожаревац
Municipality and City
Downtown
Downtown
Coat of arms of Požarevac
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Požarevac within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Požarevac within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°37′N 21°11′E / 44.617°N 21.183°E / 44.617; 21.183Coordinates: 44°37′N 21°11′E / 44.617°N 21.183°E / 44.617; 21.183
Country  Serbia
District Braničevo
Settlements 27
Government
 • Mayor Miomir Ilić (SPS)
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • Town 44,183
 • Municipality 75,334
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 12000
Area code +381 12
Car plates PO
Website www.pozarevac.rs

Požarevac (Serbian Cyrillic: Пожаревац) is a city in eastern Serbia. It is located between three rivers: Danube, Great Morava and Mlava. It is the administrative centre of the Braničevo District of Serbia. In 2011, the city had a population of 44,183 and its municipal area 75,334.

Name[edit]

In Serbian, the city is known as Požarevac (Пожаревац), in Romanian as Pojarevaţ, in Turkish as Pasarofça, in German as Passarowitz, and in Hungarian as Pozsarevác.

The name means "fire-town" in Serbian (Here "fire" is in the sense of a disaster).

History[edit]

Ancient times[edit]

In ancient times, the area was inhabited by Thracians, Dacians, and Celts.[citation needed] There was a city at this locality known as Margus in Latin after the Roman conquest in the first century BC.[citation needed]

In 435, the city of Margus, under the Eastern Roman Empire, was the site of a treaty between the Byzantine Empire and the Hun leaders Attila and Bleda.[citation needed]

One pretext for the Hun invasion of the Eastern Roman Empire in 442 was that the Bishop of Margus had crossed the Danube to ransack and desecrate the royal Hun graves on the north bank of the Danube. When the Romans discussed handing over the Bishop, he slipped away and betrayed the city to the Huns, who then sacked the city and went on to invade as far as the gates of Constantinople itself.[citation needed]

After the fall of the Hunnic Empire, the area was again controlled by the Eastern Roman Empire. In the 6th century, it was briefly controlled by the Kingdom of the Gepids. Since the 6th century, the area was populated by Slavs, but the Eastern Roman Empire held a nominal control over the region until the 8th century when Balkan Slavs achieved de facto independence from the Eastern Empire. The area was subsequently included into the Bulgarian Empire and was alternately ruled by the Bulgarian Empire, the Byzantine Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary until the 13th century.

In the 13th century, the area was ruled by independent local Slavic-Bulgarian rulers, Drman and Kudelin. It was subsequently included into the Kingdom of Syrmia, ruled by Serbian king Stefan Dragutin and into the Kingdom of Serbia and Serbian Empire ruled by Stefan Dušan.

Archaeology[edit]

A Bronze Age figurine "The Idol of Kličevac" was found in a grave in the village of Kličevac. It was destroyed during World War I.[3]

The National Museum in Belgrade and Požarevac has some 40,000 items found in Viminacium, of which over 700 are of gold and silver. Among them are many invaluable rarities.

In June 2008, a Triballian (Thracian) grave was found with ceramics (urns). These date from the first millennium BC.[4]

Modern city[edit]

The modern town of Požarevac was first mentioned in the 14th century under the name Puporače[5][dubious ]; it first being mentioned under its present-day name in 1476.[6] The town became part of Moravian Serbia and Serbian Despotate, until the Ottoman conquest in 1459. During Ottoman administration, it was part of the Sanjak of Smederevo.

In 1718, Požarevac was the site of the signing of the Treaty of Požarevac, with the town then falling under Habsburg control and becoming part of the Habsburg Kingdom of Serbia (from 1718 to 1739). After 1739, the town reverted to Ottoman control. During the First Serbian Uprising (1804-1813), the town was part of the Karađorđe's Serbia. At the end of the uprising in 1813, the town came briefly once more under direct Ottoman control. However, following the Second Serbian Uprising from 1815, the town then became part of the autonomous Ottoman Principality of Serbia. Požarevac was the second capital of the Serbian prince, Miloš Obrenović with the first regular state court in Serbia being established here in 1821. Since 1878, Požarevac became part of the independent Principality of Serbia and since 1882 as part of the Kingdom of Serbia.

Following the end of the First World War in 1918, the town was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929). From 1929 to 1941, Požarevac was part of the Danube Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia, from 1941 to 1944, it was part of the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia. From 1944, Požarevac became part of the new socialist Serbia within socialist Yugoslavia. And from 1992, the town became part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (renamed as Serbia and Montenegro in 2003). Since 2006 it has been part of an independent Republic of Serbia.

Municipalities and settlements[edit]

The city of Požarevac includes two main municipalities:

These include the following settlements:

In the 2008 reform of Serbian local government, Požarevac received the status of a city and the town of Kostolac became the seat of the second city municipality. Požarevac is the smallest Serbian city consisting of two municipalities.

Population through history[edit]

During the time of the Principality of Serbia, Požarevac was among the largest cities (after Belgrade, Niš, Kragujevac and Leskovac). Losses during World War I and World War II resulted in a net decline of the population.

  • 1900: 12,980
  • 1905: 12,162
  • 1910: 13,613
  • 1921: 11,500
  • 1931: 14,042
  • 1941: 16,300 (estimate)
  • 1948: 15,474
  • 1953: 18,529
  • 1961: 24,269
  • 1971: 32,828
  • 1981: 39,735
  • 1991: 41,160
  • 2002: 41,736
  • 2011: 44,183

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups in the Požarevac municipality (2011 census):

  • Total = 75,334

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2004 local elections:[7]

  • Socialist Party of Serbia (16)
  • Democratic Party (15)
  • Serbian Radical Party (10)
  • Democratic Party of Serbia (9)
  • Serbian Strength Movement (8)
  • Coalition "Because of Požarevac" (6)
  • G17 Plus (4)

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2008 local elections:

  • Democratic Party (26)
  • Serbian Radical Party (22)
  • Socialist Party of Serbia (11)
  • Democratic Party of Serbia (5)
  • G17 Plus (4)

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2012 local elections:

  • Socialist Party of Serbia (18)
  • Serbian Progressive Party (17)
  • Democratic Party (17)
  • United Regions of Serbia (6)
  • Turnover (5)
  • Serbian Radical Party (5)

Education[edit]

  • Grammar school (Požarevačka gimnazija), a co-educational high-school
  • Technical College (Visoka tehnička škola strukovnih studija u Požarevcu)[8]

People associated with Požarevac[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]