Połaniec

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Połaniec
Town
Flag of Połaniec
Flag
Coat of arms of Połaniec
Coat of arms
Połaniec is located in Poland
Połaniec
Połaniec
Coordinates: 50°25′59″N 21°16′49″E / 50.43306°N 21.28028°E / 50.43306; 21.28028
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Świętokrzyskie
County Staszów
Gmina Połaniec
Town rights 1264
Parts of town
Government (as of December 2010)
 • Mayor
 • Town Council
 • Chairman Estate
 • District Council
Area (through the years 2008-2010)[1]
 • Total 17.41 km2 (6.72 sq mi)
Elevation 166.3 m (545.6 ft)
Population (31 December 2012 at Census)[1]
 • Total 8,406
 • Density 480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 28-230
Area code(s) +48 15
Car plates TSZ
Website http://www.polaniec.pl
Połaniec Power Station

Połaniec[2][3][4] [pɔˈwaɲet͡s] ( ) is a town in Staszów County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland, with Decrease 8,406 inhabitants (2012). The town belongs to Lesser Poland, and its history dates back to early days of Polish statehood. It lies in western part of Sandomierz Basin, a few kilometers north of the Vistula, along the National Road Nr. 79, which goes from Warsaw to Bytom. The town has a rail station on a secondary-importance line nr. 75 from Rytwiany to Połaniec. The Połaniec power plant, one of the largest (1800 MW) coal-fired power plants in Poland, is located in the vicinity of the town, in Zawada village.

The history of Połaniec dates back to the 11th century, when a gord was built near the spot where the Czarna flows into the Vistula. In the vicinity of the gord a settlement emerged in the 11th - 12th centuries, with St. Catherine church. In 1241 Połaniec was completely destroyed in the Mongol invasion of Poland, and near the local village of Tursko, there was a battle with the invaders. Połaniec recovered, gaining town rights before 1264, and by 1340, it had some 400 residents. Ten years later, in 1350, King Kazimierz Wielki ordered the town to move from the location on the Winna Góra hill to its present location. In the late Middle Ages, Połaniec was an important trade center, located along a merchant route from Kraków to Sandomierz, and near a very important waterway of the Vistula. The town until 1795 belonged to Lesser Poland’s Sandomierz Voivodeship.

At the beginning of the 16th century Połaniec was burned by the Crimean Tatars, to such a degree that King Zygmunt Stary lowered tax rates of the residents. In 1526 the town burned once again in a large fire. In the mid-16th century Połaniec received a town hall, funded by hetman Jan Tarnowski. At the beginning of the 17th century, a hospital was built. In 1772 (see Partitions of Poland), Połaniec suddenly became a border town, when Austrian province of Galicia was created. Establishment of the border along the Vistula slowed economic development of Połaniec. In 1794 the town was one of centers of the Kościuszko Uprising, here the Proclamation of Połaniec was issued on May 7, 1794. In 1795 the town was annnexed by the Austrian Empire, and in 1815 it became part of Russian-controlled Congress Poland.On June 1, 1869, as a punishment for January Uprising, it lost its town privileges. At that time, its population was around 2,000. In 1934, when Połaniec belonged to Kielce Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic, it suffered in a large flood. Połaniec had a large Jewish population, which was exterminated in the Holocaust. In the 1970s, the Tadeusz Kościuszko Power Plant was built, and in 1980, Połaniec again received town rights.

Demography[edit]

According to the 2011 Poland census, there were 8,227 people residing in Połaniec town, of whom 49.6% were male and 50.4% were female. In the town, the population was spread out with 18.6% under the age of 18, 40.9% from 18 to 44, 31.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older.[1]

Table 1. Population level of town in 2010 — by age group[1]
SPECIFICATION Measure
unit
POPULATION
(by age group in 2010)
TOTAL 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 +
I. TOTAL person 8,227 434 355 442 537 820 842 574 465 425 695 964 735 419 141 120 124 73 62
of which in  % 100 5.3 4.3 5.4 6.5 10 10.2 7 5.7 5.2 8.4 11.7 8.9 5.1 1.7 1.5 1.5 0.9 0.8
1. BY SEX
A. Males person 4,078 220 166 232 257 404 464 289 244 196 304 479 378 226 74 54 46 35 10
of which in  % 49.6 2.7 2 2.8 3.1 4.9 5.6 3.5 3 2.4 3.7 5.8 4.6 2.7 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.1
B. Females person 4,149 214 189 210 280 416 378 285 221 229 391 485 357 193 67 66 78 38 52
of which in  % 50.4 2.6 2.3 2.6 3.4 5.1 4.6 3.5 2.7 2.8 4.8 5.9 4.3 2.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.6

Figure 1. Population pyramid of town in 2010 — by age group and sex[1]
Table 2. Population level of town in 2010 — by sex[1]
SPECIFICATION Measure
unit
POPULATION
(by sex in 2010)
TOTAL Males Females
I. TOTAL person 8,227 4,078 4,149
of which in  % 100 49.6 50.4
1. BY AGE GROUP
A. At pre-working age person 1,530 759 771
of which in  % 18.6 9.2 9.4
B. At working age. grand total person 5,984 3,100 2,884
of which in  % 72.7 37.7 35
a. at mobile working age person 3,364 1,713 1,651
of which in                          % 40.9 20.8 20.1
b. at non-mobile working age person 2,620 1,387 1,233
of which in                          % 31.8 16.8 15
C. At post-working age person 713 219 494
of which in  % 8.7 2.7 6

Coordinates: 50°26′N 21°17′E / 50.433°N 21.283°E / 50.433; 21.283

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Połaniec is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Local Data Bank (Bank Danych Lokalnych) – Layout by NTS nomenclature (Układ wg klasyfikacji NTS)". demografia.stat.gov.pl: GUS. 10 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Bielec, Jan (ed.); Szwałek, Stanisława (1982). Wykaz urzędowych nazw miejscowości w Polsce. T. III: P – Ż [List of official names of localities in Poland, Vol. III: P – Ż] (in Polish). Ministry of Administration, Spatial Economy and Environmental Protection (1st ed.). Warsaw, Poland: Central Statistical Office. 
  3. ^ Sitek, Janusz (1991). Nazwy geograficzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej [Geographical names of the Republic of Poland] (in Polish). Ministry of Physical Planning and Construction, Surveyor General of Poland, Council of Ministers' Office, Commission for Establishing Names of Localities and Physiographical Objects (1st ed.). Warsaw, Poland: Eugeniusz Romer State Cartographical Publishing House. ISBN 83-7000-071-1. 
  4. ^ "Połaniec, miasto, gmina Połaniec — miasto, powiat staszowski, województwo świętokrzyskie" [Połaniec, town, Połaniec Commune — urban area, Staszów County, Świętokrzyskie Province, Poland]. Topographical map prepared in 1:10,000 scale. Aerial and satellite orthophotomap (in Polish). Head Office of Geodesy and Cartography, Poland, Warsaw. 2011. geoportal.gov.pl. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "Twinnings". Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 

External links[edit]