Połock Voivodeship

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Połock Voivodeship
Województwo połockie
Palatinatus Polocensis
Voivodeship of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
COA of Gediminaičiai dynasty Lithuania.png
1504–1793 Greater Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire 1700x1767 pix Igor Barbe 2006.jpg

Coat of arms of Polatsk

Coat of arms

Location of Polatsk
Połock Voivodeship in red. Voivodeship's borders did not change since the Union of Lublin.
Capital Połock
History
 -  Established 1504
 -  Second partition of Poland 1793
Area 21,800 km2 (8,417 sq mi)
Political subdivisions none
Połock Voivodeship in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Połock Voivodeship (Polish: Województwo połockie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Grand Duchy of Lithuania) since the 15th century until the partitions of Poland in 1793.

The voivodeship history can be traced to the Principality of Polotsk, conquered by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania around late 14th / early 15th centuries. From 1504 the former Principality was recognized as a voivodeship.

Zygmunt Gloger in his monumental book Historical Geography of the Lands of Old Poland provides this description of the Połock Voivodeship:

“Połock, in Latin Polocia, Polocium, lies on the right bank of the Dvina, and is regarded as one of the oldest gords of Rus’. In the 13th century, the Principality of Polotsk was ruled by Kievan princes, but in app. 1225 it was seized by the Lithuanians under Duke Mindaugas (...) Duke Vytautas named the first starosta of Połock, and in app. 1500, the starosta was renamed into the Voivode of Połock, while the Duchy was turned into a voivodeship, divided into two equal halves by the Dvina (...)

The voivodeship had two senators, who were the Voivode and the Castellan of Połock (...) Since it was not too large and its population was not numerous, furthermore, its capital was located in the middle, the voivodeship was not divided into counties. Its courts were located in Połock, where the sejmiks also took place. Połock Voivodeship had two envoys in the Sejm, and two deputies to the Lithuanian Tribunal”.

Name[edit]

  • Belarusian: Полацкае ваяводства, Polish: Województwo połockie, Latin: Palatinatus Polocensis

Population[edit]

  • 109 848 in 1790[1]

Administration[edit]

Voivodeship Governor (Wojewoda) seat:

Administrative division:

  • this voivodeship was not divided into counties

Number of Senators:

  • 2

Number of envoys in the Sejm:

  • 2

Voivodes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ↑ Tabela: Summaryusz Generalny wszelkich dochodów Rzeczypospolitey tak w Koronie iako i w Litwie z kalkulacyą mil kwadratowych, tak со do dymów, podatków, iako i ludzi, w: Dziennik rządowo-ekonomiczno handlowy. Zaymuiący różne Wiadomości, Rządowe, Handlowe, Ekonomiczne, Fabryczne, Kontraktowe na Dobra, Summy, i Produkta. Zajmujący 3 miesiące kwiecień may czerwiec 1790. R.5. T. II. Warszawa 1790.

Bibliography[edit]

Coordinates: 55°29′17″N 28°48′26″E / 55.488099°N 28.807210°E / 55.488099; 28.807210